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Date:   Wed, 20 Dec 2017 16:23:47 -0800
From:   Stephen Boyd <sboyd@...eaurora.org>
To:     David Lechner <david@...hnology.com>
Cc:     Michael Turquette <mturquette@...libre.com>,
        linux-clk@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Jerome Brunet <jbrunet@...libre.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] clk: fix spin_lock/unlock imbalance on bad clk_enable()
 reentrancy

On 12/20, David Lechner wrote:
> On 12/20/2017 02:33 PM, David Lechner wrote:
> >
> >So, as you can see, we get 4 warnings here. There is no problem
> >with any clock provider or consumer (as far as I can tell). The
> >bug here is that spin_trylock_irqsave() always returns true on
> >non-SMP systems, which messes up the reference counting.
> >
> >usb20_phy_clk_enable() currently works because mach-davinci does
> >not use the common clock framework. However, I am trying to move
> >it to the common clock framework, which is how I discovered this
> >bug.
> 
> One more thing I mentioned previously, but is worth mentioning again
> in detail is that if you enable CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK, that changes
> the behavior of spin_trylock_irqsave() on non-SMP systems. It no
> longer always returns true and so everything works as expected in
> the call chain that I described previously.
> 
> The difference is that with CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK=n, we have
> 
> #define arch_spin_trylock(lock)	({ barrier(); (void)(lock); 1; })
> 
> But if CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK=y, then we have
> 
> static inline int arch_spin_trylock(arch_spinlock_t *lock)
> {
> 	char oldval = lock->slock;
> 
> 	lock->slock = 0;
> 	barrier();
> 
> 	return oldval > 0;
> }
> 
> This comes from include/linux/spinlock_up.h, which is included from
> include/linux/spinlock.h
> 
> #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> # include <asm/spinlock.h>
> #else
> # include <linux/spinlock_up.h>
> #endif
> 
> 
> So, the question I have is: what is the actual "correct" behavior of
> spin_trylock_irqsave()? Is it really supposed to always return true
> when CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK=n and CONFIG_SMP=n or is this a bug?

Thanks for doing the analysis in this thread.

When CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK=n and CONFIG_SMP=n, spinlocks are
compiler barriers, that's it. So even if it is a bug to always
return true, I fail to see how we can detect that a spinlock is
already held in this configuration and return true or false.

I suppose the best option is to make clk_enable_lock() and
clk_enable_unlock() into nops or pure owner/refcount/barrier
updates when CONFIG_SMP=n. We pretty much just need the barrier
semantics when there's only a single CPU.

-- 
Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc. is a member of Code Aurora Forum,
a Linux Foundation Collaborative Project

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