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Date:   Thu, 5 Apr 2018 13:35:25 +0200
From:   Thomas Hellstrom <thomas@...pmail.org>
To:     Thomas Hellstrom <thellstrom@...are.com>,
        Deepak Rawat <drawat@...are.com>,
        dri-devel@...ts.freedesktop.org, syeh@...are.com,
        linux-graphics-maintainer@...are.com,
        ville.syrjala@...ux.intel.com, lukasz.spintzyk@...playlink.com,
        noralf@...nnes.org, robdclark@...il.com, gustavo@...ovan.org,
        maarten.lankhorst@...ux.intel.com, seanpaul@...omium.org,
        airlied@...ux.ie, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [RFC 1/3] drm: Add DAMAGE_CLIPS property to plane

On 04/05/2018 12:03 PM, Daniel Vetter wrote:
> On Thu, Apr 05, 2018 at 11:00:15AM +0200, Thomas Hellstrom wrote:
>> On 04/05/2018 09:35 AM, Daniel Vetter wrote:
>>> On Wed, Apr 04, 2018 at 04:49:06PM -0700, Deepak Rawat wrote:
>>>> From: Lukasz Spintzyk <lukasz.spintzyk@...playlink.com>
>>>>
>>>> Optional plane property to mark damaged regions on the plane in
>>>> framebuffer coordinates of the framebuffer attached to the plane.
>>>>
>>>> The layout of blob data is simply an array of drm_mode_rect with maximum
>>>> array size limited by DRM_MODE_FB_DIRTY_MAX_CLIPS. Unlike plane src
>>>> coordinates, damage clips are not in 16.16 fixed point.
>>>>
>>>> Damage clips are a hint to kernel as which area of framebuffer has
>>>> changed since last page-flip. This should be helpful for some drivers
>>>> especially for virtual devices where each framebuffer change needs to
>>>> be transmitted over network, usb, etc.
>>>>
>>>> Driver which are interested in enabling DAMAGE_CLIPS property for a
>>>> plane should enable this property using drm_plane_enable_damage_clips.
>>>>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Lukasz Spintzyk <lukasz.spintzyk@...playlink.com>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Deepak Rawat <drawat@...are.com>
>>> The property uapi section is missing, see:
>>>
>>> https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__dri.freedesktop.org_docs_drm_gpu_drm-2Dkms.html-23plane-2Dcomposition-2Dproperties&d=DwIBAg&c=uilaK90D4TOVoH58JNXRgQ&r=wnSlgOCqfpNS4d02vP68_E9q2BNMCwfD2OZ_6dCFVQQ&m=J31YNV1uz3IVRaorM-eo48msi9__sQurqRZrig2UE1s&s=vzsuquF1agbOw54HSC_18Kk2k9j83m8RusmDCtPAFWQ&e=
>>>
>>> Plane composition feels like the best place to put this. Please use that
>>> section to tie all the various bits together, including the helpers you're
>>> adding in the following patches for drivers to use.
>>>
>>> Bunch of nitpicks below, but overall I'm agreeing now with just going with
>>> fb coordinate damage rects.
>>>
>>> Like you say, the thing needed here now is userspace + driver actually
>>> implementing this. I'd also say the compat helper to map the legacy
>>> fb->dirty to this new atomic way of doing things should be included here
>>> (gives us a lot more testing for these new paths).
>>>
>>> Icing on the cake would be an igt to make sure kernel rejects invalid clip
>>> rects correctly.
>>>
>>>> ---
>>>>    drivers/gpu/drm/drm_atomic.c        | 42 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>>    drivers/gpu/drm/drm_atomic_helper.c |  4 ++++
>>>>    drivers/gpu/drm/drm_mode_config.c   |  5 +++++
>>>>    drivers/gpu/drm/drm_plane.c         | 12 +++++++++++
>>>>    include/drm/drm_mode_config.h       | 15 +++++++++++++
>>>>    include/drm/drm_plane.h             | 16 ++++++++++++++
>>>>    include/uapi/drm/drm_mode.h         | 15 +++++++++++++
>>>>    7 files changed, 109 insertions(+)
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_atomic.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_atomic.c
>>>> index 7d25c42..9226d24 100644
>>>> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_atomic.c
>>>> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_atomic.c
>>>> @@ -669,6 +669,40 @@ static void drm_atomic_crtc_print_state(struct drm_printer *p,
>>>>    }
>>>>    /**
>>>> + * drm_atomic_set_damage_for_plane - sets the damage clips property to plane
>>>> + * @state: plane state
>>>> + * @blob: damage clips in framebuffer coordinates
>>>> + *
>>>> + * Returns:
>>>> + *
>>>> + * Zero on success, error code on failure.
>>>> + */
>>>> +static int drm_atomic_set_damage_for_plane(struct drm_plane_state *state,
>>>> +					   struct drm_property_blob *blob)
>>>> +{
>>>> +	if (blob == state->damage_clips)
>>>> +		return 0;
>>>> +
>>>> +	drm_property_blob_put(state->damage_clips);
>>>> +	state->damage_clips = NULL;
>>>> +
>>>> +	if (blob) {
>>>> +		uint32_t count = blob->length/sizeof(struct drm_rect);
>>>> +
>>>> +		if (count > DRM_MODE_FB_DIRTY_MAX_CLIPS)
>>>> +			return -EINVAL;
>>>> +
>>>> +		state->damage_clips = drm_property_blob_get(blob);
>>>> +		state->num_clips = count;
>>>> +	} else {
>>>> +		state->damage_clips = NULL;
>>>> +		state->num_clips = 0;
>>>> +	}
>>>> +
>>>> +	return 0;
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +/**
>>>>     * drm_atomic_get_plane_state - get plane state
>>>>     * @state: global atomic state object
>>>>     * @plane: plane to get state object for
>>>> @@ -793,6 +827,12 @@ static int drm_atomic_plane_set_property(struct drm_plane *plane,
>>>>    		state->color_encoding = val;
>>>>    	} else if (property == plane->color_range_property) {
>>>>    		state->color_range = val;
>>>> +	} else if (property == config->prop_damage_clips) {
>>>> +		struct drm_property_blob *blob =
>>>> +			drm_property_lookup_blob(dev, val);
>>>> +		int ret = drm_atomic_set_damage_for_plane(state, blob);
>>> There's already a helper with size-checking built-in, see
>>> drm_atomic_replace_property_blob_from_id(). Wrt computing num_clips I'd
>>> just provide a little inline helper that does the
>>> blob->length/sizeof(drm_rect) conversion (it's just a shift, so fast).
>>>
>>>> +		drm_property_blob_put(blob);
>>>> +		return ret;
>>>>    	} else if (plane->funcs->atomic_set_property) {
>>>>    		return plane->funcs->atomic_set_property(plane, state,
>>>>    				property, val);
>>>> @@ -856,6 +896,8 @@ drm_atomic_plane_get_property(struct drm_plane *plane,
>>>>    		*val = state->color_encoding;
>>>>    	} else if (property == plane->color_range_property) {
>>>>    		*val = state->color_range;
>>>> +	} else if (property == config->prop_damage_clips) {
>>>> +		*val = (state->damage_clips) ? state->damage_clips->base.id : 0;
>>>>    	} else if (plane->funcs->atomic_get_property) {
>>>>    		return plane->funcs->atomic_get_property(plane, state, property, val);
>>>>    	} else {
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_atomic_helper.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_atomic_helper.c
>>>> index c356545..55b44e3 100644
>>>> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_atomic_helper.c
>>>> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_atomic_helper.c
>>>> @@ -3506,6 +3506,8 @@ void __drm_atomic_helper_plane_duplicate_state(struct drm_plane *plane,
>>>>    	state->fence = NULL;
>>>>    	state->commit = NULL;
>>>> +	state->damage_clips = NULL;
>>>> +	state->num_clips = 0;
>>>>    }
>>>>    EXPORT_SYMBOL(__drm_atomic_helper_plane_duplicate_state);
>>>> @@ -3550,6 +3552,8 @@ void __drm_atomic_helper_plane_destroy_state(struct drm_plane_state *state)
>>>>    	if (state->commit)
>>>>    		drm_crtc_commit_put(state->commit);
>>>> +
>>>> +	drm_property_blob_put(state->damage_clips);
>>>>    }
>>>>    EXPORT_SYMBOL(__drm_atomic_helper_plane_destroy_state);
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_mode_config.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_mode_config.c
>>>> index e5c6533..e93b127 100644
>>>> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_mode_config.c
>>>> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_mode_config.c
>>>> @@ -293,6 +293,11 @@ static int drm_mode_create_standard_properties(struct drm_device *dev)
>>>>    		return -ENOMEM;
>>>>    	dev->mode_config.prop_crtc_id = prop;
>>>> +	prop = drm_property_create(dev, DRM_MODE_PROP_BLOB, "DAMAGE_CLIPS", 0);
>>> Bit a bikeshed, but since the coordinates are in fb pixels, not plane
>>> pixels, I'd call this "FB_DAMAGE_CLIPS".
>>>
>>>> +	if (!prop)
>>>> +		return -ENOMEM;
>>>> +	dev->mode_config.prop_damage_clips = prop;
>>>> +
>>>>    	prop = drm_property_create_bool(dev, DRM_MODE_PROP_ATOMIC,
>>>>    			"ACTIVE");
>>>>    	if (!prop)
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_plane.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_plane.c
>>>> index 6d2a6e4..071221b 100644
>>>> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_plane.c
>>>> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_plane.c
>>>> @@ -1101,3 +1101,15 @@ int drm_mode_page_flip_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>>    	return ret;
>>>>    }
>>>> +
>>>> +/**
>>>> + * drm_plane_enable_damage_clips - enable damage clips property
>>>> + * @plane: plane on which this property to enable.
>>>> + */
>>>> +void drm_plane_enable_damage_clips(struct drm_plane *plane)
>>>> +{
>>>> +	struct drm_device *dev = plane->dev;
>>>> +	struct drm_mode_config *config = &dev->mode_config;
>>>> +
>>>> +	drm_object_attach_property(&plane->base, config->prop_damage_clips, 0);
>>>> +}
>>>> diff --git a/include/drm/drm_mode_config.h b/include/drm/drm_mode_config.h
>>>> index 7569f22..d8767da 100644
>>>> --- a/include/drm/drm_mode_config.h
>>>> +++ b/include/drm/drm_mode_config.h
>>>> @@ -628,6 +628,21 @@ struct drm_mode_config {
>>>>    	 */
>>>>    	struct drm_property *prop_crtc_id;
>>>>    	/**
>>>> +	 * @prop_damage_clips: Optional plane property to mark damaged regions
>>>> +	 * on the plane in framebuffer coordinates of the framebuffer attached
>>>> +	 * to the plane.
>>> Why should we make this optional? Looks like just another thing drivers
>>> might screw up, since we have multiple callbacks and things to set up for
>>> proper dirty tracking.
>>>
>>> One option I'm seeing is that if this is set, and it's an atomic driver,
>>> then we just directly call into the default atomic fb->dirty
>>> implementation. That way there's only 1 thing drivers need to do to set up
>>> dirty rect tracking, and they'll get all of it.
>>>
>>>> +	 *
>>>> +	 * The layout of blob data is simply an array of drm_mode_rect with
>>>> +	 * maximum array size limited by DRM_MODE_FB_DIRTY_MAX_CLIPS. Unlike
>>>> +	 * plane src coordinates, damage clips are not in 16.16 fixed point.
>>> I honestly have no idea where this limit is from. Worth keeping? I can
>>> easily imagine that userspace could trip over this - it's fairly high, but
>>> not unlimited.
>>>
>>>> +	 *
>>>> +	 * Damage clips are a hint to kernel as which area of framebuffer has
>>>> +	 * changed since last page-flip. This should be helpful
>>>> +	 * for some drivers especially for virtual devices where each
>>>> +	 * framebuffer change needs to be transmitted over network, usb, etc.
>>> I'd also clarify that userspace still must render the entire screen, i.e.
>>> make it more clear that it's really just a hint and not mandatory to only
>>> scan out the damaged parts.
>>>
>>>> +	 */
>>>> +	struct drm_property *prop_damage_clips;
>>>> +	/**
>>>>    	 * @prop_active: Default atomic CRTC property to control the active
>>>>    	 * state, which is the simplified implementation for DPMS in atomic
>>>>    	 * drivers.
>>>> diff --git a/include/drm/drm_plane.h b/include/drm/drm_plane.h
>>>> index f7bf4a4..9f24548 100644
>>>> --- a/include/drm/drm_plane.h
>>>> +++ b/include/drm/drm_plane.h
>>>> @@ -146,6 +146,21 @@ struct drm_plane_state {
>>>>    	 */
>>>>    	struct drm_crtc_commit *commit;
>>>> +	/*
>>>> +	 * @damage_clips
>>>> +	 *
>>>> +	 * blob property with damage as array of drm_rect in framebuffer
>>> &drm_rect gives you a nice hyperlink in the generated docs.
>>>
>>>> +	 * coodinates.
>>>> +	 */
>>>> +	struct drm_property_blob *damage_clips;
>>>> +
>>>> +	/*
>>>> +	 * @num_clips
>>>> +	 *
>>>> +	 * Number of drm_rect in @damage_clips.
>>>> +	 */
>>>> +	uint32_t num_clips;
>>>> +
>>>>    	struct drm_atomic_state *state;
>>>>    };
>>>> @@ -611,6 +626,7 @@ int drm_plane_init(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>>    		   const uint32_t *formats, unsigned int format_count,
>>>>    		   bool is_primary);
>>>>    void drm_plane_cleanup(struct drm_plane *plane);
>>>> +void drm_plane_enable_damage_clips(struct drm_plane *plane);
>>>>    /**
>>>>     * drm_plane_index - find the index of a registered plane
>>>> diff --git a/include/uapi/drm/drm_mode.h b/include/uapi/drm/drm_mode.h
>>>> index 50bcf42..0ad0d5b 100644
>>>> --- a/include/uapi/drm/drm_mode.h
>>>> +++ b/include/uapi/drm/drm_mode.h
>>>> @@ -873,6 +873,21 @@ struct drm_mode_revoke_lease {
>>>>    	__u32 lessee_id;
>>>>    };
>>>> +/**
>>>> + * struct drm_mode_rect - two dimensional rectangle drm_rect exported to
>>>> + * user-space.
>>>> + * @x1: horizontal starting coordinate (inclusive)
>>>> + * @y1: vertical starting coordinate (inclusive)
>>>> + * @x2: horizontal ending coordinate (exclusive)
>>>> + * @y2: vertical ending coordinate (exclusive)
>>>> + */
>>>> +struct drm_mode_rect {
>>>> +	__s32 x1;
>>>> +	__s32 y1;
>>>> +	__s32 x2;
>>>> +	__s32 y2;
>>> Why signed? Negative damage rects on an fb don't make sense to me. Also,
>>> please specify what this is exactly (to avoid confusion with the 16.16
>>> fixed point src rects), and maybe mention in the commit message why we're
>>> not using drm_clip_rect (going to proper uapi types and 32bit makes sense
>>> to me).
>> IMO, while we don't expect negative damage coordinates,
>> to avoid yet another drm uapi rect in the future when we actually need
>> negative numbers signed is a good choice...
> Makes sense. Another thing I realized: Since src rect are 16.16 fixed
> point, do we really need s32? drm_clip_rect is a bit meh, but it gives us
> s16 already. That would avoid having to sprinkle the code with tons of
> overflow checks for input validation.

IMHO, sooner or later we're going to run into the s16 limitation, and I 
think we should start
making user-space APIs > 15 bit coordinate safe. I agree this could lead 
to some validation
grief in the short run, but less to fix up later.

How difficult is it to make the kernel-internal 16.16 fixed point 48.16?

/Thomas


>
> On the topic of input validation: Should the kernel check in shared code
> that all the clip rects are sensible, i.e. within the dimensions of the
> fb? Relying on drivers for that seems like a bad idea.
>
> That could be done in core code in drm_atomic_plane_check().
> -Daniel
>> /Thomas
>>
>>
>> _______________________________________________
>> dri-devel mailing list
>> dri-devel@...ts.freedesktop.org
>> https://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/dri-devel


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