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Date:   Tue, 07 Aug 2018 19:17:40 -0700 (PDT)
From:   Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@...belt.com>
To:     robh+dt@...nel.org
CC:     atish.patra@....com, Christoph Hellwig <hch@....de>,
        tglx@...utronix.de, jason@...edaemon.net, marc.zyngier@....com,
        mark.rutland@....com, devicetree@...r.kernel.org,
        aou@...s.berkeley.edu, anup@...infault.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-riscv@...ts.infradead.org,
        shorne@...il.com
Subject:     Re: [PATCH 03/11] dt-bindings: interrupt-controller: RISC-V PLIC documentation

On Mon, 06 Aug 2018 13:59:48 PDT (-0700), robh+dt@...nel.org wrote:
> On Thu, Aug 2, 2018 at 4:08 PM Atish Patra <atish.patra@....com> wrote:
>>
>> On 8/2/18 4:50 AM, Christoph Hellwig wrote:
>> > From: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@...belt.com>
>> >
>> > This patch adds documentation for the platform-level interrupt
>> > controller (PLIC) found in all RISC-V systems.  This interrupt
>> > controller routes interrupts from all the devices in the system to each
>> > hart-local interrupt controller.
>> >
>> > Note: the DTS bindings for the PLIC aren't set in stone yet, as we might
>> > want to change how we're specifying holes in the hart list.
>> >
>> > Signed-off-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@...belt.com>
>> > [hch: various fixes and updates]
>> > Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@....de>
>> > ---
>> >   .../interrupt-controller/sifive,plic0.txt     | 57 +++++++++++++++++++
>> >   1 file changed, 57 insertions(+)
>> >   create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/interrupt-controller/sifive,plic0.txt
>> >
>> > diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/interrupt-controller/sifive,plic0.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/interrupt-controller/sifive,plic0.txt
>> > new file mode 100644
>> > index 000000000000..c756cd208a93
>> > --- /dev/null
>> > +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/interrupt-controller/sifive,plic0.txt
>> > @@ -0,0 +1,57 @@
>> > +SiFive Platform-Level Interrupt Controller (PLIC)
>> > +-------------------------------------------------
>> > +
>> > +SiFive SOCs include an implementation of the Platform-Level Interrupt Controller
>> > +(PLIC) high-level specification in the RISC-V Privileged Architecture
>> > +specification.  The PLIC connects all external interrupts in the system to all
>> > +hart contexts in the system, via the external interrupt source in each hart.
>> > +
>> > +A hart context is a privilege mode in a hardware execution thread.  For example,
>> > +in an 4 core system with 2-way SMT, you have 8 harts and probably at least two
>> > +privilege modes per hart; machine mode and supervisor mode.
>> > +
>> > +Each interrupt can be enabled on per-context basis. Any context can claim
>> > +a pending enabled interrupt and then release it once it has been handled.
>> > +
>> > +Each interrupt has a configurable priority. Higher priority interrupts are
>> > +serviced first. Each context can specify a priority threshold. Interrupts
>> > +with priority below this threshold will not cause the PLIC to raise its
>> > +interrupt line leading to the context.
>> > +
>> > +While the PLIC supports both edge-triggered and level-triggered interrupts,
>> > +interrupt handlers are oblivious to this distinction and therefore it is not
>> > +specified in the PLIC device-tree binding.
>> > +
>> > +While the RISC-V ISA doesn't specify a memory layout for the PLIC, the
>> > +"sifive,plic0" device is a concrete implementation of the PLIC that contains a
>> > +specific memory layout, which is documented in chapter 8 of the SiFive U5
>> > +Coreplex Series Manual <https://static.dev.sifive.com/U54-MC-RVCoreIP.pdf>.
>> > +
>> > +Required properties:
>> > +- compatible : "sifive,plic0"

I think there was a thread bouncing around somewhere where decided to pick the 
official name of the compatible string to be "sifive,plic-1.0".  The idea here 
is that the PLIC is compatible across all of SiFive's current implementations, 
but there's some limitations in the memory map that will probably cause us to 
spin a version 2 at some point so we want major version number.  The minor 
number is just in case we find some errata in the PLIC.

>> > +- #address-cells : should be <0>
>> > +- #interrupt-cells : should be <1>
>> > +- interrupt-controller : Identifies the node as an interrupt controller
>> > +- reg : Should contain 1 register range (address and length)
>>
>> The one in the real device tree has two entries.
>> reg = <0x00000000 0x0c000000 0x00000000 0x04000000>;
>>
>> Is it intentional or just incorrect entry left over from earlier days?
>
>> > +             reg = <0xc000000 0x4000000>;
>
> Looks to me like one has #size-cells and #address-cells set to 2 and
> the example is using 1.

Yes.  For some background on how this works: we have a hardware generator that 
has a tree-of-busses abstraction, and each device is attached to some point on 
that tree.  When a device gets attached to the bus, we also generate a device 
tree entry.  For whatever system I generated the example PLIC device tree entry 
from, it must have been attached to a bus with addresses of 32 bits or less, 
which resulted in #address-cells and #size-cells being 1.

Christoph has a HiFive Unleashed, which has a fu540-c000 on it, which is 
probably not what I generated as an example -- the fu540-c000 is a complicated 
configuration, when I mess around with the hardware I tend to use simple ones 
as I'm not really a hardware guy.  I suppose the bus that the PLIC is hanging 
off on the fu540-c000 has addresses wider than 32 bits.  This makes sense, as 
the machine has 8GiB of memory and the PLIC is on a bus that's closer to the 
core than the DRAM is, so it'd need at least enough address bits to fit 8GiB.

Is the inconsistency a problem?  I generally write device tree handling code to 
just respect whatever #*-fields says and don't consider that part of the 
specification of the binding.  I don't mind changing the example to have 
#size-fields and #address-fields to be 2, but since it's not wrong I also don't 
see any reason to change it.  We do have 32-bit devices with PLICs, and while 
they're not Linux-capable devices we're trying to adopt the Linux device tree 
bindings through the rest of the RISC-V software ecosystem as they tend to be 
pretty well thought out.

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