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Date:   Thu, 30 Aug 2018 09:29:40 +0200
From:   Vincent Whitchurch <>
To:     Andrew Morton <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 2/2] scripts: add for slab usage

On Tue, Aug 28, 2018 at 04:28:04PM -0700, Andrew Morton wrote:
> On Tue, 28 Aug 2018 12:39:14 +0200 Vincent Whitchurch <> wrote:
> > Add a script which converts /sys/kernel/debug/kmemleak_all to the pprof
> > format, which can be used for analysing memory usage.  See
> >
> Why is this better than /proc/slabinfo?

slabinfo just tells you how much memory is being used in a particular
slab, it doesn't give you a breakdown of who allocated all that memory.
slabinfo can't also tell you how much memory a particular subsystem is

For example, here we can see that tracer_init_tracefs() and its callers
are using ~12% of the total tracked memory:

 $ pprof -top -compact_labels -cum prof 
 Showing nodes accounting for 13418.95kB, 92.07% of 14575.28kB total
 Dropped 4069 nodes (cum <= 72.88kB)
       flat  flat%   sum%        cum   cum%
          0     0% 56.71%  1832.15kB 12.57%  tracer_init_tracefs+0x74/0x1cc

And that tracefs' dentrys use 500 KiB and its inodes use 1+ MiB:
 $ pprof -text -compact_labels -focus tracer_init_tracefs -nodecount 2 prof
 Main binary filename not available.
 Showing nodes accounting for 1794.85kB, 12.31% of 14575.28kB total
 Dropped 1912 nodes (cum <= 72.88kB)
 Showing top 2 nodes out of 32
       flat  flat%   sum%        cum   cum%
  1294.56kB  8.88%  8.88%  1294.56kB  8.88%  new_inode_pseudo+0x8/0x4c
   500.29kB  3.43% 12.31%   500.29kB  3.43%  d_alloc+0x10/0x78

> >  $ ./ kmemleak_all
> >  $ pprof -text -ignore free_area_init_node -compact_labels -nodecount 10 prof
> Are we missing an argument here?  s/prof/kmemleak_all/?

No, the default output filename of this script is called "prof".

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