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Date:   Thu, 30 Aug 2018 09:46:18 +0100
From:   Punit Agrawal <punit.agrawal@....com>
To:     Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@...aro.org>
Cc:     robh+dt@...nel.org, mark.rutland@....com,
        devicetree@...r.kernel.org, edubezval@...il.com,
        viresh.kumar@...aro.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-pm@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] dt-binding: arm/cpus.txt: fix dynamic-power-coefficient unit

Hi Vincent,

Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@...aro.org> writes:

> The unit of dynamic-power-coefficient is described as mW/MHz/uV^2 whereas
> its usage in the code assumes that unit is uW/MHz/V^2
>
> In drivers/thermal/cpu_cooling.c, the code is :
>
> power = (u64)capacitance * freq_mhz * voltage_mv * voltage_mv;
> do_div(power, 1000000000);
>
> which can be summarized as :
> power (mW) = capacitance * freq_mhz/1000 * (voltage_mv/1000)^2
> or
> power (mW) = (capacitance * freq_mhz * (voltage_mv/1000)^2) / 1000
> then
> power (mW) = power (uW) / 1000
> so
> power (uW) = capacitance * freq_mhz * (voltage_mv/1000)^2
>
> Furthermore, if we test basic values like :
> voltage_mv = 1000mV = 1V
> freq_mhz = 1000Mhz
>
> The minimum possible power, when dynamic-power-coefficient equals 1, will
> be with current unit:
> min power = 1 * 1000  * (1000000)^2 = 10^15 mW
> which is not realistic
>
> With the unit used by the code, the min power is
> min power =  1 * 1000 * 1^2 = 1000uW = 1mW which is far more realistic
>
> Signed-off-by: Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@...aro.org>

Acked-by: Punit Agrawal <punit.agrawal@....com>

Thanks for fixing the mismatch.

> ---
>  Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/cpus.txt | 4 ++--
>  1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/cpus.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/cpus.txt
> index 29e1dc5..71d8cd0 100644
> --- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/cpus.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/cpus.txt
> @@ -274,7 +274,7 @@ described below.
>  		Usage: optional
>  		Value type: <prop-encoded-array>
>  		Definition: A u32 value that represents the running time dynamic
> -			    power coefficient in units of mW/MHz/uV^2. The
> +			    power coefficient in units of uW/MHz/V^2. The
>  			    coefficient can either be calculated from power
>  			    measurements or derived by analysis.
>  
> @@ -285,7 +285,7 @@ described below.
>  
>  			    Pdyn = dynamic-power-coefficient * V^2 * f
>  
> -			    where voltage is in uV, frequency is in MHz.
> +			    where voltage is in V, frequency is in MHz.
>  
>  Example 1 (dual-cluster big.LITTLE system 32-bit):

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