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Date:   Thu, 30 Aug 2018 08:38:49 -0400
From:   Prarit Bhargava <>
Cc:     Prarit Bhargava <>,
        Petr Mladek <>,
        Sergey Senozhatsky <>
Subject: [PATCH v4] console: Add console=spcr option

ACPI may contain an SPCR table that defines a default system console.
On ARM if the table is present then the SPCR console is enabled by default.
On x86 the SPCR console is used if 'earlycon' (no parameters) is
specified as a kernel parameter and is used only as the early console.
To use the SPCR data as a console a user must boot with 'earlycon',
grep logs & specify a console= kernel parameter, and then reboot again.

Add 'console=spcr' that enables a firmware or hardware console, and on
x86 enable the SPCR console if 'console=spcr' is specified.

Tested on systems with and without an ACPI SPCR.  The following kernel
parameters were also tested:

console=ttyS0,115200    		works
earlycon                		works (early console only)
console=spcr            		works (full console as expected)
no console or earlycon arguments	works (no output as expected)

v2: Fix prototype.
v3: Change parameter to "spcr" and add error message to spcr init call.
v4: move spcr to x86 (really make it arch specific)

Signed-off-by: Prarit Bhargava <>
Cc: Petr Mladek <>
Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <>
 Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt |  1 +
 arch/x86/kernel/acpi/boot.c                     | 14 ++++++++++++++
 include/linux/console.h                         |  1 +
 kernel/printk/printk.c                          |  8 ++++++++
 4 files changed, 24 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index 9871e649ffef..f51a32cda90c 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -635,6 +635,7 @@
 		hvc<n>	Use the hypervisor console device <n>. This is for
 			both Xen and PowerPC hypervisors.
+		spcr	[X86] Enable ACPI SPCR console
 		If the device connected to the port is not a TTY but a braille
 		device, prepend "brl," before the device type, for instance
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/boot.c b/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/boot.c
index 3b20607d581b..a43a34734f02 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/boot.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/boot.c
@@ -1771,3 +1771,17 @@ void __init arch_reserve_mem_area(acpi_physical_address addr, size_t size)
 	e820__range_add(addr, size, E820_TYPE_ACPI);
+int __init arch_console_setup(char *str)
+	int ret;
+	if (strcmp("spcr", str))
+		return 1;
+	ret = acpi_parse_spcr(false, true);
+	if (ret)
+		pr_err(PREFIX "ERROR: SPCR console is not enabled (%d)\n", ret);
+	return 0;
diff --git a/include/linux/console.h b/include/linux/console.h
index ec9bdb3d7bab..9bb6a79823a2 100644
--- a/include/linux/console.h
+++ b/include/linux/console.h
@@ -183,6 +183,7 @@ struct console {
 extern int braille_register_console(struct console *, int index,
 		char *console_options, char *braille_options);
 extern int braille_unregister_console(struct console *);
+int arch_console_setup(char *str);
 #ifdef CONFIG_TTY
 extern void console_sysfs_notify(void);
diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk.c b/kernel/printk/printk.c
index 924e37fb1620..ceee021a37ec 100644
--- a/kernel/printk/printk.c
+++ b/kernel/printk/printk.c
@@ -2097,6 +2097,11 @@ static int __init console_msg_format_setup(char *str)
 __setup("console_msg_format=", console_msg_format_setup);
+int __init __weak arch_console_setup(char *str)
+	return 1;
  * Set up a console.  Called via do_early_param() in init/main.c
  * for each "console=" parameter in the boot command line.
@@ -2107,6 +2112,9 @@ static int __init console_setup(char *str)
 	char *s, *options, *brl_options = NULL;
 	int idx;
+	if (!arch_console_setup(str))
+		return 1;
 	if (_braille_console_setup(&str, &brl_options))
 		return 1;

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