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Date:   Thu, 30 Aug 2018 07:38:58 -0700
From:   Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@...el.com>
To:     x86@...nel.org, "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-doc@...r.kernel.org, linux-mm@...ck.org,
        linux-arch@...r.kernel.org, linux-api@...r.kernel.org,
        Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...capital.net>,
        Balbir Singh <bsingharora@...il.com>,
        Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@...il.com>,
        Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com>,
        Florian Weimer <fweimer@...hat.com>,
        "H.J. Lu" <hjl.tools@...il.com>, Jann Horn <jannh@...gle.com>,
        Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>,
        Kees Cook <keescook@...omiun.org>,
        Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@...cle.com>,
        Nadav Amit <nadav.amit@...il.com>,
        Oleg Nesterov <oleg@...hat.com>, Pavel Machek <pavel@....cz>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        "Ravi V. Shankar" <ravi.v.shankar@...el.com>,
        Vedvyas Shanbhogue <vedvyas.shanbhogue@...el.com>
Cc:     Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@...el.com>
Subject: [RFC PATCH v3 18/24] x86/cet/shstk: User-mode shadow stack support

This patch adds basic shadow stack enabling/disabling routines.
A task's shadow stack is allocated from memory with VM_SHSTK
flag set and read-only protection.  The shadow stack is
allocated to a fixed size of RLIMIT_STACK.

Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@...el.com>
---
 arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h               |  30 +++++++
 arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h |   8 +-
 arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h         |  14 +++
 arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h         |   5 ++
 arch/x86/kernel/Makefile                 |   2 +
 arch/x86/kernel/cet.c                    | 109 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c             |  24 +++++
 arch/x86/kernel/process.c                |   2 +
 fs/proc/task_mmu.c                       |   3 +
 9 files changed, 196 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cet.c

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ad278c520414
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef _ASM_X86_CET_H
+#define _ASM_X86_CET_H
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+struct task_struct;
+/*
+ * Per-thread CET status
+ */
+struct cet_status {
+	unsigned long	shstk_base;
+	unsigned long	shstk_size;
+	unsigned int	shstk_enabled:1;
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_CET
+int cet_setup_shstk(void);
+void cet_disable_shstk(void);
+void cet_disable_free_shstk(struct task_struct *p);
+#else
+static inline int cet_setup_shstk(void) { return 0; }
+static inline void cet_disable_shstk(void) {}
+static inline void cet_disable_free_shstk(struct task_struct *p) {}
+#endif
+
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#endif /* _ASM_X86_CET_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
index 33833d1909af..3624a11e5ba6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h
@@ -56,6 +56,12 @@
 # define DISABLE_PTI		(1 << (X86_FEATURE_PTI & 31))
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_SHADOW_STACK_USER
+#define DISABLE_SHSTK	0
+#else
+#define DISABLE_SHSTK	(1<<(X86_FEATURE_SHSTK & 31))
+#endif
+
 /*
  * Make sure to add features to the correct mask
  */
@@ -75,7 +81,7 @@
 #define DISABLED_MASK13	0
 #define DISABLED_MASK14	0
 #define DISABLED_MASK15	0
-#define DISABLED_MASK16	(DISABLE_PKU|DISABLE_OSPKE|DISABLE_LA57|DISABLE_UMIP)
+#define DISABLED_MASK16	(DISABLE_PKU|DISABLE_OSPKE|DISABLE_LA57|DISABLE_UMIP|DISABLE_SHSTK)
 #define DISABLED_MASK17	0
 #define DISABLED_MASK18	0
 #define DISABLED_MASK_CHECK BUILD_BUG_ON_ZERO(NCAPINTS != 19)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
index 4731f0cf97c5..e073801a44e0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
@@ -777,4 +777,18 @@
 #define MSR_VM_IGNNE                    0xc0010115
 #define MSR_VM_HSAVE_PA                 0xc0010117
 
+/* Control-flow Enforcement Technology MSRs */
+#define MSR_IA32_U_CET		0x6a0 /* user mode cet setting */
+#define MSR_IA32_S_CET		0x6a2 /* kernel mode cet setting */
+#define MSR_IA32_PL0_SSP	0x6a4 /* kernel shstk pointer */
+#define MSR_IA32_PL3_SSP	0x6a7 /* user shstk pointer */
+#define MSR_IA32_INT_SSP_TAB	0x6a8 /* exception shstk table */
+
+/* MSR_IA32_U_CET and MSR_IA32_S_CET bits */
+#define MSR_IA32_CET_SHSTK_EN		0x0000000000000001ULL
+#define MSR_IA32_CET_WRSS_EN		0x0000000000000002ULL
+#define MSR_IA32_CET_ENDBR_EN		0x0000000000000004ULL
+#define MSR_IA32_CET_LEG_IW_EN		0x0000000000000008ULL
+#define MSR_IA32_CET_NO_TRACK_EN	0x0000000000000010ULL
+
 #endif /* _ASM_X86_MSR_INDEX_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
index c24297268ebc..7be275c0b4e0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@ struct vm86;
 #include <asm/special_insns.h>
 #include <asm/fpu/types.h>
 #include <asm/unwind_hints.h>
+#include <asm/cet.h>
 
 #include <linux/personality.h>
 #include <linux/cache.h>
@@ -503,6 +504,10 @@ struct thread_struct {
 	unsigned int		sig_on_uaccess_err:1;
 	unsigned int		uaccess_err:1;	/* uaccess failed */
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_CET
+	struct cet_status	cet;
+#endif
+
 	/* Floating point and extended processor state */
 	struct fpu		fpu;
 	/*
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
index 8824d01c0c35..fbb2d91fb756 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
@@ -139,6 +139,8 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_UNWINDER_ORC)		+= unwind_orc.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_UNWINDER_FRAME_POINTER)	+= unwind_frame.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_UNWINDER_GUESS)		+= unwind_guess.o
 
+obj-$(CONFIG_X86_INTEL_CET)		+= cet.o
+
 ###
 # 64 bit specific files
 ifeq ($(CONFIG_X86_64),y)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cet.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cet.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ec256ae27a31
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cet.c
@@ -0,0 +1,109 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/*
+ * cet.c - Control Flow Enforcement (CET)
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2018, Intel Corporation.
+ * Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@...el.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/mman.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
+#include <asm/msr.h>
+#include <asm/user.h>
+#include <asm/fpu/xstate.h>
+#include <asm/fpu/types.h>
+#include <asm/compat.h>
+#include <asm/cet.h>
+
+static int set_shstk_ptr(unsigned long addr)
+{
+	u64 r;
+
+	if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_SHSTK))
+		return -1;
+
+	if ((addr >= TASK_SIZE_MAX) || (!IS_ALIGNED(addr, 4)))
+		return -1;
+
+	rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_U_CET, r);
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_PL3_SSP, addr);
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_U_CET, r | MSR_IA32_CET_SHSTK_EN);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static unsigned long get_shstk_addr(void)
+{
+	unsigned long ptr;
+
+	if (!current->thread.cet.shstk_enabled)
+		return 0;
+
+	rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_PL3_SSP, ptr);
+	return ptr;
+}
+
+int cet_setup_shstk(void)
+{
+	unsigned long addr, size;
+
+	if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_SHSTK))
+		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+	size = rlimit(RLIMIT_STACK);
+	addr = do_mmap_locked(0, size, PROT_READ,
+			      MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_PRIVATE, VM_SHSTK);
+
+	/*
+	 * Return actual error from do_mmap().
+	 */
+	if (addr >= TASK_SIZE_MAX)
+		return addr;
+
+	set_shstk_ptr(addr + size - sizeof(u64));
+	current->thread.cet.shstk_base = addr;
+	current->thread.cet.shstk_size = size;
+	current->thread.cet.shstk_enabled = 1;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+void cet_disable_shstk(void)
+{
+	u64 r;
+
+	if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_SHSTK))
+		return;
+
+	rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_U_CET, r);
+	r &= ~(MSR_IA32_CET_SHSTK_EN);
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_U_CET, r);
+	wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_PL3_SSP, 0);
+	current->thread.cet.shstk_enabled = 0;
+}
+
+void cet_disable_free_shstk(struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+	if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_SHSTK) ||
+	    !tsk->thread.cet.shstk_enabled)
+		return;
+
+	if (tsk == current)
+		cet_disable_shstk();
+
+	/*
+	 * Free only when tsk is current or shares mm
+	 * with current but has its own shstk.
+	 */
+	if (tsk->mm && (tsk->mm == current->mm) &&
+	    (tsk->thread.cet.shstk_base)) {
+		vm_munmap(tsk->thread.cet.shstk_base,
+			  tsk->thread.cet.shstk_size);
+		tsk->thread.cet.shstk_base = 0;
+		tsk->thread.cet.shstk_size = 0;
+	}
+
+	tsk->thread.cet.shstk_enabled = 0;
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
index 84dee5ab745a..e7eb41830add 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -411,6 +411,29 @@ static __init int setup_disable_pku(char *arg)
 __setup("nopku", setup_disable_pku);
 #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
 
+static __always_inline void setup_cet(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
+{
+	if (cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_SHSTK))
+		cr4_set_bits(X86_CR4_CET);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_SHADOW_STACK_USER
+static __init int setup_disable_shstk(char *s)
+{
+	/* require an exact match without trailing characters */
+	if (strlen(s))
+		return 0;
+
+	if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SHSTK))
+		return 1;
+
+	setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_SHSTK);
+	pr_info("x86: 'no_cet_shstk' specified, disabling Shadow Stack\n");
+	return 1;
+}
+__setup("no_cet_shstk", setup_disable_shstk);
+#endif
+
 /*
  * Some CPU features depend on higher CPUID levels, which may not always
  * be available due to CPUID level capping or broken virtualization
@@ -1375,6 +1398,7 @@ static void identify_cpu(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
 	x86_init_rdrand(c);
 	x86_init_cache_qos(c);
 	setup_pku(c);
+	setup_cet(c);
 
 	/*
 	 * Clear/Set all flags overridden by options, need do it
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
index c93fcfdf1673..4a776da4c28c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
@@ -39,6 +39,7 @@
 #include <asm/desc.h>
 #include <asm/prctl.h>
 #include <asm/spec-ctrl.h>
+#include <asm/cet.h>
 
 /*
  * per-CPU TSS segments. Threads are completely 'soft' on Linux,
@@ -134,6 +135,7 @@ void flush_thread(void)
 	flush_ptrace_hw_breakpoint(tsk);
 	memset(tsk->thread.tls_array, 0, sizeof(tsk->thread.tls_array));
 
+	cet_disable_shstk();
 	fpu__clear(&tsk->thread.fpu);
 }
 
diff --git a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
index 5ea1d64cb0b4..b20450dde5b7 100644
--- a/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
+++ b/fs/proc/task_mmu.c
@@ -652,6 +652,9 @@ static void show_smap_vma_flags(struct seq_file *m, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
 		[ilog2(VM_PKEY_BIT4)]	= "",
 #endif
 #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS */
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_SHADOW_STACK_USER
+		[ilog2(VM_SHSTK)]	= "ss"
+#endif
 	};
 	size_t i;
 
-- 
2.17.1

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