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Date:   Thu, 30 Aug 2018 17:49:53 +0200
From:   Jann Horn <jannh@...gle.com>
To:     yu-cheng.yu@...el.com
Cc:     "the arch/x86 maintainers" <x86@...nel.org>,
        "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
        kernel list <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-doc@...r.kernel.org, Linux-MM <linux-mm@...ck.org>,
        linux-arch <linux-arch@...r.kernel.org>,
        Linux API <linux-api@...r.kernel.org>,
        Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...capital.net>,
        Balbir Singh <bsingharora@...il.com>,
        Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@...il.com>,
        Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com>,
        Florian Weimer <fweimer@...hat.com>, hjl.tools@...il.com,
        Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>, keescook@...omiun.org,
        Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@...cle.com>,
        Nadav Amit <nadav.amit@...il.com>,
        Oleg Nesterov <oleg@...hat.com>, Pavel Machek <pavel@....cz>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        ravi.v.shankar@...el.com, vedvyas.shanbhogue@...el.com
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH v3 12/24] x86/mm: Modify ptep_set_wrprotect and
 pmdp_set_wrprotect for _PAGE_DIRTY_SW

On Thu, Aug 30, 2018 at 4:43 PM Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@...el.com> wrote:
>
> When Shadow Stack is enabled, the read-only and PAGE_DIRTY_HW PTE
> setting is reserved only for the Shadow Stack.  To track dirty of
> non-Shadow Stack read-only PTEs, we use PAGE_DIRTY_SW.
>
> Update ptep_set_wrprotect() and pmdp_set_wrprotect().
>
> Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@...el.com>
> ---
>  arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h | 42 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 42 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
> index 4d50de77ea96..556ef258eeff 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h
> @@ -1203,7 +1203,28 @@ static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear_full(struct mm_struct *mm,
>  static inline void ptep_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm,
>                                       unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep)
>  {
> +       pte_t pte;
> +
>         clear_bit(_PAGE_BIT_RW, (unsigned long *)&ptep->pte);
> +       pte = *ptep;
> +
> +       /*
> +        * Some processors can start a write, but ending up seeing
> +        * a read-only PTE by the time they get to the Dirty bit.
> +        * In this case, they will set the Dirty bit, leaving a
> +        * read-only, Dirty PTE which looks like a Shadow Stack PTE.
> +        *
> +        * However, this behavior has been improved and will not occur
> +        * on processors supporting Shadow Stacks.  Without this
> +        * guarantee, a transition to a non-present PTE and flush the
> +        * TLB would be needed.
> +        *
> +        * When change a writable PTE to read-only and if the PTE has
> +        * _PAGE_DIRTY_HW set, we move that bit to _PAGE_DIRTY_SW so
> +        * that the PTE is not a valid Shadow Stack PTE.
> +        */
> +       pte = pte_move_flags(pte, _PAGE_DIRTY_HW, _PAGE_DIRTY_SW);
> +       set_pte_at(mm, addr, ptep, pte);
>  }

I don't understand why it's okay that you first atomically clear the
RW bit, then atomically switch from DIRTY_HW to DIRTY_SW. Doesn't that
mean that between the two atomic writes, another core can incorrectly
see a shadow stack?

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