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Date:   Tue, 25 Sep 2018 11:14:53 +0200
From:   David Hildenbrand <david@...hat.com>
To:     linux-mm@...ck.org
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-doc@...r.kernel.org,
        linuxppc-dev@...ts.ozlabs.org, linux-acpi@...r.kernel.org,
        xen-devel@...ts.xenproject.org, devel@...uxdriverproject.org,
        David Hildenbrand <david@...hat.com>,
        Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@...nel.crashing.org>,
        Paul Mackerras <paulus@...ba.org>,
        Michael Ellerman <mpe@...erman.id.au>,
        "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@...ysocki.net>,
        Len Brown <lenb@...nel.org>,
        Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
        Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@...cle.com>,
        Juergen Gross <jgross@...e.com>,
        Nathan Fontenot <nfont@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>,
        John Allen <jallen@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        Michal Hocko <mhocko@...e.com>,
        Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>,
        Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@....com>,
        Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@...e.cz>,
        Oscar Salvador <osalvador@...e.de>,
        Mathieu Malaterre <malat@...ian.org>,
        Pavel Tatashin <pavel.tatashin@...rosoft.com>,
        YASUAKI ISHIMATSU <yasu.isimatu@...il.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2 2/6] mm/memory_hotplug: make add_memory() take the device_hotplug_lock

add_memory() currently does not take the device_hotplug_lock, however
is aleady called under the lock from
	arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-memory.c
	drivers/acpi/acpi_memhotplug.c
to synchronize against CPU hot-remove and similar.

In general, we should hold the device_hotplug_lock when adding memory
to synchronize against online/offline request (e.g. from user space) -
which already resulted in lock inversions due to device_lock() and
mem_hotplug_lock - see 30467e0b3be ("mm, hotplug: fix concurrent memory
hot-add deadlock"). add_memory()/add_memory_resource() will create memory
block devices, so this really feels like the right thing to do.

Holding the device_hotplug_lock makes sure that a memory block device
can really only be accessed (e.g. via .online/.state) from user space,
once the memory has been fully added to the system.

The lock is not held yet in
	drivers/xen/balloon.c
	arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/memtrace.c
	drivers/s390/char/sclp_cmd.c
	drivers/hv/hv_balloon.c
So, let's either use the locked variants or take the lock.

Don't export add_memory_resource(), as it once was exported to be used
by XEN, which is never built as a module. If somebody requires it, we
also have to export a locked variant (as device_hotplug_lock is never
exported).

Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@...nel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@...ba.org>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@...erman.id.au>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@...ysocki.net>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@...nel.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@...cle.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@...e.com>
Cc: Nathan Fontenot <nfont@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: John Allen <jallen@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@...e.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@....com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@...e.cz>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@...e.de>
Cc: Mathieu Malaterre <malat@...ian.org>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pavel.tatashin@...rosoft.com>
Cc: YASUAKI ISHIMATSU <yasu.isimatu@...il.com>
Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pavel.tatashin@...rosoft.com>
Reviewed-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@...el.com>
Reviewed-by: Rashmica Gupta <rashmica.g@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@...hat.com>
---
 .../platforms/pseries/hotplug-memory.c        |  2 +-
 drivers/acpi/acpi_memhotplug.c                |  2 +-
 drivers/base/memory.c                         |  9 ++++++--
 drivers/xen/balloon.c                         |  3 +++
 include/linux/memory_hotplug.h                |  1 +
 mm/memory_hotplug.c                           | 22 ++++++++++++++++---
 6 files changed, 32 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-memory.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-memory.c
index dd0264c43f3e..d26a771d985e 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-memory.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-memory.c
@@ -673,7 +673,7 @@ static int dlpar_add_lmb(struct drmem_lmb *lmb)
 	nid = memory_add_physaddr_to_nid(lmb->base_addr);
 
 	/* Add the memory */
-	rc = add_memory(nid, lmb->base_addr, block_sz);
+	rc = __add_memory(nid, lmb->base_addr, block_sz);
 	if (rc) {
 		invalidate_lmb_associativity_index(lmb);
 		return rc;
diff --git a/drivers/acpi/acpi_memhotplug.c b/drivers/acpi/acpi_memhotplug.c
index 811148415993..8fe0960ea572 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/acpi_memhotplug.c
+++ b/drivers/acpi/acpi_memhotplug.c
@@ -228,7 +228,7 @@ static int acpi_memory_enable_device(struct acpi_memory_device *mem_device)
 		if (node < 0)
 			node = memory_add_physaddr_to_nid(info->start_addr);
 
-		result = add_memory(node, info->start_addr, info->length);
+		result = __add_memory(node, info->start_addr, info->length);
 
 		/*
 		 * If the memory block has been used by the kernel, add_memory()
diff --git a/drivers/base/memory.c b/drivers/base/memory.c
index 817320c7c4c1..40cac122ec73 100644
--- a/drivers/base/memory.c
+++ b/drivers/base/memory.c
@@ -519,15 +519,20 @@ memory_probe_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
 	if (phys_addr & ((pages_per_block << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
+	ret = lock_device_hotplug_sysfs();
+	if (ret)
+		goto out;
+
 	nid = memory_add_physaddr_to_nid(phys_addr);
-	ret = add_memory(nid, phys_addr,
-			 MIN_MEMORY_BLOCK_SIZE * sections_per_block);
+	ret = __add_memory(nid, phys_addr,
+			   MIN_MEMORY_BLOCK_SIZE * sections_per_block);
 
 	if (ret)
 		goto out;
 
 	ret = count;
 out:
+	unlock_device_hotplug();
 	return ret;
 }
 
diff --git a/drivers/xen/balloon.c b/drivers/xen/balloon.c
index a3f5cbfcd4a1..fdfc64f5acea 100644
--- a/drivers/xen/balloon.c
+++ b/drivers/xen/balloon.c
@@ -395,7 +395,10 @@ static enum bp_state reserve_additional_memory(void)
 	 * callers drop the mutex before trying again.
 	 */
 	mutex_unlock(&balloon_mutex);
+	/* add_memory_resource() requires the device_hotplug lock */
+	lock_device_hotplug();
 	rc = add_memory_resource(nid, resource, memhp_auto_online);
+	unlock_device_hotplug();
 	mutex_lock(&balloon_mutex);
 
 	if (rc) {
diff --git a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
index 1f096852f479..ffd9cd10fcf3 100644
--- a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
+++ b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
@@ -324,6 +324,7 @@ static inline void __remove_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size) {}
 extern void __ref free_area_init_core_hotplug(int nid);
 extern int walk_memory_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn,
 		void *arg, int (*func)(struct memory_block *, void *));
+extern int __add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size);
 extern int add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size);
 extern int add_memory_resource(int nid, struct resource *resource, bool online);
 extern int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size,
diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index f6dbd5d8fffd..affb03e0dfef 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -1090,7 +1090,12 @@ static int online_memory_block(struct memory_block *mem, void *arg)
 	return device_online(&mem->dev);
 }
 
-/* we are OK calling __meminit stuff here - we have CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG */
+/*
+ * NOTE: The caller must call lock_device_hotplug() to serialize hotplug
+ * and online/offline operations (triggered e.g. by sysfs).
+ *
+ * we are OK calling __meminit stuff here - we have CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
+ */
 int __ref add_memory_resource(int nid, struct resource *res, bool online)
 {
 	u64 start, size;
@@ -1159,9 +1164,9 @@ int __ref add_memory_resource(int nid, struct resource *res, bool online)
 	mem_hotplug_done();
 	return ret;
 }
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(add_memory_resource);
 
-int __ref add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
+/* requires device_hotplug_lock, see add_memory_resource() */
+int __ref __add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
 {
 	struct resource *res;
 	int ret;
@@ -1175,6 +1180,17 @@ int __ref add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
 		release_memory_resource(res);
 	return ret;
 }
+
+int add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
+{
+	int rc;
+
+	lock_device_hotplug();
+	rc = __add_memory(nid, start, size);
+	unlock_device_hotplug();
+
+	return rc;
+}
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(add_memory);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
-- 
2.17.1

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