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Date:   Tue, 25 Sep 2018 12:03:31 -0400
From:   Paul Moore <paul@...l-moore.com>
To:     Stephen Smalley <sds@...ho.nsa.gov>, takondra@...co.com
Cc:     Eric Paris <eparis@...isplace.org>, selinux@...ho.nsa.gov,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, xe-linux-external@...co.com
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH] selinux: add a fallback to defcontext for native labeling

On Tue, Sep 25, 2018 at 9:58 AM Stephen Smalley <sds@...ho.nsa.gov> wrote:
> On 09/25/2018 01:45 AM, Taras Kondratiuk wrote:
> > Quoting Paul Moore (2018-09-24 20:46:57)
> >> On Fri, Sep 21, 2018 at 10:39 AM Stephen Smalley <sds@...ho.nsa.gov> wrote:
> >>> On 09/20/2018 06:59 PM, Taras Kondratiuk wrote:
> >>>> Quoting Stephen Smalley (2018-09-20 07:49:12)
> >>>>> On 09/19/2018 10:41 PM, Taras Kondratiuk wrote:
> >>>>>> Quoting Stephen Smalley (2018-09-19 12:00:33)
> >>>>>>> On 09/19/2018 12:52 PM, Taras Kondratiuk wrote:
> >>
> >> ...
> >>
> >>>> IMO it would be more consistent if defcontext cover all "unlabeled"
> >>>> groups. It seems unlikely to me that somebody who currently uses
> >>>> defcontext can somehow rely on mapping invalid labels to unlabeled
> >>>> instead of default context.
> >>>
> >>> Yes, and that seems more consistent with the current documentation in
> >>> the mount man page for defcontext=.
> >>>
> >>> I'd be inclined to change selinux_inode_notifysecctx() to call
> >>> security_context_to_sid_default() directly instead of using
> >>> selinux_inode_setsecurity() and change security_context_to_sid_core()
> >>> and sidtab_search_core() as suggested above to save and use the def_sid
> >>> instead of SECINITSID_UNLABELED always (initializing the context def_sid
> >>> to SECINITSID_UNLABELED as the default).  selinux_inode_setsecurity() we
> >>> should leave unchanged, or if we change it at all, it should be more
> >>> like the handling in selinux_inode_setxattr().  The notifysecctx hook is
> >>> invoked by the filesystem to notify the security module of the file's
> >>> existing security context, so in that case we always want the _default
> >>> behavior, whereas the setsecurity hook is invoked by the vfs or the
> >>> filesystem to set the security context of a file to a new value, so in
> >>> that case we would only use the _force interface if the caller had
> >>> CAP_MAC_ADMIN.
> >>>
> >>> Paul, what say you?  NB This would be a user-visible behavior change for
> >>> mounts specifying defcontext= on xattr filesystems; files with invalid
> >>> contexts will then show up with the defcontext value instead of the
> >>> unlabeled context.  If that's too risky, then we'd need a flag or
> >>> something to security_context_to_sid_default() to distinguish the
> >>> behaviors and only set it when called from selinux_inode_notifysecctx().
> >>
> >> Visible changes like this are always worrisome, even though I think it
> >> is safe to assume that the defcontext option is not widely used.  I'd
> >> feel much better if this change was opt-in.
> >>
> >> Which brings about it's own problems.  We have the policy capability
> >> functionality, but that is likely a poor fit for this as the policy
> >> capabilities are usually controlled by the Linux distribution while
> >> the mount options are set by the system's administrator when the
> >> filesystem is mounted.  We could add a toggle somewhere in selinuxfs,
> >> but I really dislike that idea, and would prefer to find a different
> >> solution if possible.  I'm not sure how much flak we would get for
> >> introducing a new mount option, but perhaps that is the best way to
> >> handle this: defcontext would continue to behave as it does now, but
> >> new option X would behave as mentioned in this thread.
> >>
> >> Thoughts?
> >
> > The new option X will also mean "default context", so it will be pretty
> > hard to come up with a different but a sensible name. I'm afraid that
> > having two options with hardly distinguishable semantics will be very
> > confusing.
> >
> > What about a kernel config option that modifies the behavior of
> > defcontext?
>
> First, the existing documentation for defcontext= leaves open the door
> to the proposed new behavior.  From mount(8):
> "You can set the default security context for  unlabeled  files  using
> defcontext= option.  This overrides the value set for unlabeled files in
> the policy and requires a filesystem that supports xattr labeling."
>
> "Unlabeled files" could just mean files without any xattr, or it could
> mean all files that either lack an xattr or have an invalid one under
> the policy, since both sets of files are currently mapped to the
> unlabeled context.

This may be true for the major SELinux policies being shipped by
distributions, but can we say this holds true for *all* SELinux
policies in use today?

> Second, under what conditions would this situation break existing
> userspace?  The admin would have had to mount an xattr filesystem with
> defcontext= specified, and that filesystem would have to both contain
> files without any xattrs and files with invalid ones (otherwise how they
> are treated by the kernel is irrelevant), and the policy would need to
> distinguish access to files without xattrs vs files with invalid ones.
> Seems unlikely.

I think you answered your own question.  Yes, it is unlikely, but I
*really* dislike changing visible behavior like this without some
explicit action on behalf of the user/admin.  We've done it in the
past and it has left me uneasy each time.

> Third, the fact that policy maintainers remapped both SECINITSID_FILE
> (the default value for defcontext) and SECINITSID_UNLABELED (used for
> invalid contexts) to the unlabeled context (getting rid of file_t as a
> separate type, aliased to unlabeled_t) long ago suggests that there is
> no meaningful difference there.

Related to the comments above.

> I'm inclined to just change the behavior for defcontext= unconditionally
> and have it apply to both native and xattr labeling.  If that's a no-go,
> then the simplest solution is to just leave defcontext= behavior
> unchanged for xattr labeling and only implement the new semantics for
> native labeling.  That's just a matter of adding a flag to
> security_context_to_sid_default() and only setting it when calling from
> selinux_inode_notifysecctx().

Neither option is very appealing to me, but that doesn't mean I'm saying "no".

>From a sanity and consistency point of view I think option #1 (change
the defcontext behavior) is a better choice, and I tend to favor this
consistency even with the understanding that it could result in some
unexpected behavior for users.  However, if we get complaints, I'm
going to revert this without a second thought.

So to answer your question Taras, go ahead and prepare a patch so we
can take a look.  A bit of fair warning that it might get delayed
until after the upcoming merge window since we are already at -rc5; I
want this to have plenty of time in -next.

Thanks guys.

-- 
paul moore
www.paul-moore.com

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