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Date:   Tue, 23 Oct 2018 12:34:08 +0200
From:   Milian Wolff <milian.wolff@...b.com>
To:     Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, Jiri Olsa <jolsa@...nel.org>,
        namhyung@...nel.org, linux-perf-users@...r.kernel.org,
        Arnaldo Carvalho <acme@...nel.org>
Subject: Re: Broken dwarf unwinding - wrong stack pointer register value?

On Dienstag, 23. Oktober 2018 06:03:56 CEST Andi Kleen wrote:
> > So what if my libm wasn't compiled with -fasynchronous-unwind-tables? We
> 
> It's default (64bit since always and 32bit now too) Unless someone disabled
> it.

Excellent, good to know. Since [1] doesn't explicitly disable it, I would 
assume the information should be available.

[1]: https://git.archlinux.org/svntogit/packages.git/tree/trunk/PKGBUILD?
h=packages/glibc

> However libm might be partially written in assembler and hand written
> assembler often has problems with unwind tables because the programmer has
> to get them correct explicitely.

Yes, that could be the case. I'm unsure about the glibc build system and what 
actually gets compiled, but I found a potential source at [2]:

[2]: https://github.com/bminor/glibc/blob/
43b1048ab9418e902aac8c834a7a9a88c501620a/sysdeps/ieee754/dbl-64/e_hypot.c

I believe this is what is used on my system, since I can spot calls to 
__issignaling@@GLIBC_2.18 etc. in the disassembly of __hypot_finite ([3]), 
which matches the sources referenced in [2].

[3]: https://paste.kde.org/poywa7y2z

If [2] is used, then it's not hand written assembler but code compiled by the 
compiler. So unwinding should work, even from the prologue? 

I have since also figured out how to dump the .eh_frame contents in a human 
readable format via readelf. Remember, __hypot_finite on my system is at 
offset 0x29660 of libm, so I think the following are the corresponding 
.eh_frame contents:

```
$ readelf --debug-dump=frames /usr/lib/libm.so.6 |& less
...
00002b60 000000000000004c 00002b64 FDE cie=00000000 
pc=0000000000029660..00000000000299ce
  DW_CFA_advance_loc: 6 to 0000000000029666
  DW_CFA_def_cfa_offset: 16
  DW_CFA_offset: r13 (r13) at cfa-16
  DW_CFA_advance_loc: 2 to 0000000000029668
  DW_CFA_def_cfa_offset: 24
  DW_CFA_offset: r12 (r12) at cfa-24
  DW_CFA_advance_loc: 1 to 0000000000029669
  DW_CFA_def_cfa_offset: 32
  DW_CFA_offset: r6 (rbp) at cfa-32
  DW_CFA_advance_loc: 6 to 000000000002966f
  DW_CFA_def_cfa_offset: 40
  DW_CFA_offset: r3 (rbx) at cfa-40
  DW_CFA_advance_loc: 29 to 000000000002968c
  DW_CFA_def_cfa_offset: 80
  DW_CFA_advance_loc2: 291 to 00000000000297af
  DW_CFA_remember_state
  DW_CFA_def_cfa_offset: 40
  DW_CFA_advance_loc: 5 to 00000000000297b4
  DW_CFA_def_cfa_offset: 32
  DW_CFA_advance_loc: 1 to 00000000000297b5
  DW_CFA_def_cfa_offset: 24
  DW_CFA_advance_loc: 2 to 00000000000297b7
  DW_CFA_def_cfa_offset: 16
  DW_CFA_advance_loc: 2 to 00000000000297b9
  DW_CFA_def_cfa_offset: 8
  DW_CFA_advance_loc: 7 to 00000000000297c0
  DW_CFA_restore_state
  DW_CFA_advance_loc1: 88 to 0000000000029818
  DW_CFA_remember_state
  DW_CFA_def_cfa_offset: 40
  DW_CFA_advance_loc: 1 to 0000000000029819
  DW_CFA_def_cfa_offset: 32
  DW_CFA_advance_loc: 1 to 000000000002981a
  DW_CFA_def_cfa_offset: 24
  DW_CFA_advance_loc: 2 to 000000000002981c
  DW_CFA_def_cfa_offset: 16
  DW_CFA_advance_loc: 2 to 000000000002981e
  DW_CFA_def_cfa_offset: 8
  DW_CFA_advance_loc: 18 to 0000000000029830
  DW_CFA_restore_state
  DW_CFA_nop
```

I notice that this does not touch the rsp register at all, even though it's 
mutated by the code, leading to the issue. See again this paste for the 
disassembly at [3], and note that the broken sample frame points at 

0x0000000000029688 <+40>:    sub    $0x28,%rsp

Can someone at least confirm whether unwinding from a function prologue via 
.eh_frame (but without .debug_frame) should actually be possible?

Thanks
-- 
Milian Wolff | milian.wolff@...b.com | Senior Software Engineer
KDAB (Deutschland) GmbH, a KDAB Group company
Tel: +49-30-521325470
KDAB - The Qt, C++ and OpenGL Experts
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