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Date:   Wed,  9 Jan 2019 13:01:59 -0800
From:   Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@....org>
To:     peterz@...radead.org
Cc:     mingo@...hat.com, tj@...nel.org, longman@...hat.com,
        johannes.berg@...el.com, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@....org>,
        Johannes Berg <johannes@...solutions.net>
Subject: [PATCH v6 11/16] locking/lockdep: Reuse lock chains that have been freed

A previous patch introduced a lock chain leak. Fix that leak by reusing
lock chains that have been freed.

Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Cc: Waiman Long <longman@...hat.com>
Cc: Johannes Berg <johannes@...solutions.net>
Signed-off-by: Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@....org>
---
 kernel/locking/lockdep.c | 62 ++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
 1 file changed, 34 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/locking/lockdep.c b/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
index ef3809e21fa9..a8ea03bfc944 100644
--- a/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
+++ b/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
@@ -299,6 +299,7 @@ static struct pending_free {
 	struct rcu_head	 rcu_head;
 	bool		 scheduled;
 	DECLARE_BITMAP(list_entries_being_freed, MAX_LOCKDEP_ENTRIES);
+	DECLARE_BITMAP(lock_chains_being_freed, MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAINS);
 } pending_free[2];
 static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(rcu_cb);
 
@@ -2110,8 +2111,8 @@ check_prevs_add(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *next)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static unsigned long nr_lock_chains;
 struct lock_chain lock_chains[MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAINS];
+static DECLARE_BITMAP(lock_chains_in_use, MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAINS);
 int nr_chain_hlocks;
 static u16 chain_hlocks[MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAIN_HLOCKS];
 
@@ -2250,12 +2251,25 @@ static int check_no_collision(struct task_struct *curr,
  */
 long lockdep_next_lockchain(long i)
 {
-	return i + 1 < nr_lock_chains ? i + 1 : -2;
+	i = find_next_bit(lock_chains_in_use, ARRAY_SIZE(lock_chains), i + 1);
+	return i < ARRAY_SIZE(lock_chains) ? i : -2;
 }
 
 unsigned long lock_chain_count(void)
 {
-	return nr_lock_chains;
+	return bitmap_weight(lock_chains_in_use, ARRAY_SIZE(lock_chains));
+}
+
+/* Must be called with the graph lock held. */
+static struct lock_chain *alloc_lock_chain(void)
+{
+	int idx = find_first_zero_bit(lock_chains_in_use,
+				      ARRAY_SIZE(lock_chains));
+
+	if (unlikely(idx >= ARRAY_SIZE(lock_chains)))
+		return NULL;
+	__set_bit(idx, lock_chains_in_use);
+	return lock_chains + idx;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -2274,20 +2288,8 @@ static inline int add_chain_cache(struct task_struct *curr,
 	struct lock_chain *chain;
 	int i, j;
 
-	/*
-	 * Allocate a new chain entry from the static array, and add
-	 * it to the hash:
-	 */
-
-	/*
-	 * We might need to take the graph lock, ensure we've got IRQs
-	 * disabled to make this an IRQ-safe lock.. for recursion reasons
-	 * lockdep won't complain about its own locking errors.
-	 */
-	if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled()))
-		return 0;
-
-	if (unlikely(nr_lock_chains >= MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAINS)) {
+	chain = alloc_lock_chain();
+	if (!chain) {
 		if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock())
 			return 0;
 
@@ -2295,7 +2297,6 @@ static inline int add_chain_cache(struct task_struct *curr,
 		dump_stack();
 		return 0;
 	}
-	chain = lock_chains + nr_lock_chains++;
 	chain->chain_key = chain_key;
 	chain->irq_context = hlock->irq_context;
 	i = get_first_held_lock(curr, hlock);
@@ -4223,7 +4224,8 @@ void lockdep_reset(void)
 }
 
 /* Remove a class from a lock chain. Must be called with the graph lock held. */
-static void remove_class_from_lock_chain(struct lock_chain *chain,
+static void remove_class_from_lock_chain(struct pending_free *pf,
+					 struct lock_chain *chain,
 					 struct lock_class *class)
 {
 #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
@@ -4261,6 +4263,7 @@ static void remove_class_from_lock_chain(struct lock_chain *chain,
 	 * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu() loop is safe.
 	 */
 	hlist_del_rcu(&chain->entry);
+	__set_bit(chain - lock_chains, pf->lock_chains_being_freed);
 	if (chain->depth == 0)
 		return;
 	/*
@@ -4269,22 +4272,19 @@ static void remove_class_from_lock_chain(struct lock_chain *chain,
 	 */
 	if (lookup_chain_cache(chain_key))
 		return;
-	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(nr_lock_chains >= MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAINS)) {
+	new_chain = alloc_lock_chain();
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!new_chain)) {
 		debug_locks_off();
 		return;
 	}
-	/*
-	 * Leak *chain because it is not safe to reinsert it before an RCU
-	 * grace period has expired.
-	 */
-	new_chain = lock_chains + nr_lock_chains++;
 	*new_chain = *chain;
 	hlist_add_head_rcu(&new_chain->entry, chainhashentry(chain_key));
 #endif
 }
 
 /* Must be called with the graph lock held. */
-static void remove_class_from_lock_chains(struct lock_class *class)
+static void remove_class_from_lock_chains(struct pending_free *pf,
+					  struct lock_class *class)
 {
 	struct lock_chain *chain;
 	struct hlist_head *head;
@@ -4293,7 +4293,7 @@ static void remove_class_from_lock_chains(struct lock_class *class)
 	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(chainhash_table); i++) {
 		head = chainhash_table + i;
 		hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(chain, head, entry) {
-			remove_class_from_lock_chain(chain, class);
+			remove_class_from_lock_chain(pf, chain, class);
 		}
 	}
 }
@@ -4334,7 +4334,7 @@ static void zap_class(struct pending_free *pf, struct lock_class *class)
 			  class->name);
 	}
 
-	remove_class_from_lock_chains(class);
+	remove_class_from_lock_chains(pf, class);
 }
 
 static void reinit_class(struct lock_class *class)
@@ -4383,6 +4383,11 @@ static void free_zapped_classes(struct rcu_head *ch)
 	bitmap_andnot(list_entries_in_use, list_entries_in_use,
 		      pf->list_entries_being_freed, ARRAY_SIZE(list_entries));
 	bitmap_clear(pf->list_entries_being_freed, 0, ARRAY_SIZE(list_entries));
+#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
+	bitmap_andnot(lock_chains_in_use, lock_chains_in_use,
+		      pf->lock_chains_being_freed, ARRAY_SIZE(lock_chains));
+	bitmap_clear(pf->lock_chains_being_freed, 0, ARRAY_SIZE(lock_chains));
+#endif
 	graph_unlock();
 restore_irqs:
 	raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
@@ -4675,6 +4680,7 @@ void __init lockdep_init(void)
 #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
 		+ sizeof(lock_cq)
 		+ sizeof(lock_chains)
+		+ sizeof(lock_chains_in_use)
 		+ sizeof(chain_hlocks)
 #endif
 		) / 1024
-- 
2.20.1.97.g81188d93c3-goog

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