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Date:   Wed, 09 Jan 2019 14:10:22 +0530
From:   "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@...ux.ibm.com>
To:     Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@...hat.com>
Cc:     akpm@...ux-foundation.org, Michal Hocko <mhocko@...nel.org>,
        Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@...abs.ru>,
        David Gibson <david@...son.dropbear.id.au>, mpe@...erman.id.au,
        linux-mm@...ck.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linuxppc-dev@...ts.ozlabs.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH V6 3/4] powerpc/mm/iommu: Allow migration of cma allocated pages during mm_iommu_get

Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@...hat.com> writes:

> Hello,
>
> On Tue, Jan 08, 2019 at 10:21:09AM +0530, Aneesh Kumar K.V wrote:
>> @@ -187,41 +149,25 @@ static long mm_iommu_do_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long ua,
>>  		goto unlock_exit;
>>  	}
>>  
>> +	ret = get_user_pages_cma_migrate(ua, entries, 1, mem->hpages);
>
> In terms of gup APIs, I've been wondering if this shall become
> get_user_pages_longerm(FOLL_CMA_MIGRATE). So basically moving this
> CMA migrate logic inside get_user_pages_longerm.

Do we need the FOLL_CMA_MIGRATE flag? Wondering whether a long term pin
won't imply a CMA migrate? What is the benefit of that FOLL_CMA_MIGRATE
flags. We can do better by taking a list of pages for migration and I
guess it is much simpler if we limit that migration logic to
get_user_pages_longterm()?

I ended up with something like below. Do you suggest we should add those
isolate_lru and other details via FOLL_CMA_MIGRATE flag and do that when
we take the page reference instead of doing this by iterating the page array in
get_user_pages_longterm as in the below diff?

diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
index 05acd7e2eb22..6e8152594e83 100644
--- a/mm/gup.c
+++ b/mm/gup.c
@@ -13,6 +13,9 @@
 #include <linux/sched/signal.h>
 #include <linux/rwsem.h>
 #include <linux/hugetlb.h>
+#include <linux/migrate.h>
+#include <linux/mm_inline.h>
+#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
 
 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
 #include <asm/pgtable.h>
@@ -1126,7 +1129,167 @@ long get_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_user_pages);
 
+#if defined(CONFIG_FS_DAX) || defined (CONFIG_CMA)
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX
+static bool check_dax_vmas(struct vm_area_struct **vmas, long nr_pages)
+{
+	long i;
+	struct vm_area_struct *vma_prev = NULL;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
+		struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmas[i];
+
+		if (vma == vma_prev)
+			continue;
+
+		vma_prev = vma;
+
+		if (vma_is_fsdax(vma))
+			return true;
+	}
+	return false;
+}
+#else
+static inline bool check_dax_vmas(struct vm_area_struct **vmas, long nr_pages)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CMA
+static struct page *new_non_cma_page(struct page *page, unsigned long private)
+{
+	/*
+	 * We want to make sure we allocate the new page from the same node
+	 * as the source page.
+	 */
+	int nid = page_to_nid(page);
+	/*
+	 * Trying to allocate a page for migration. Ignore allocation
+	 * failure warnings. We don't force __GFP_THISNODE here because
+	 * this node here is the node where we have CMA reservation and
+	 * in some case these nodes will have really less non movable
+	 * allocation memory.
+	 */
+	gfp_t gfp_mask = GFP_USER | __GFP_NOWARN;
+
+	if (PageHighMem(page))
+		gfp_mask |= __GFP_HIGHMEM;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE
+	if (PageHuge(page)) {
+		struct hstate *h = page_hstate(page);
+		/*
+		 * We don't want to dequeue from the pool because pool pages will
+		 * mostly be from the CMA region.
+		 */
+		return alloc_migrate_huge_page(h, gfp_mask, nid, NULL);
+	}
+#endif
+	if (PageTransHuge(page)) {
+		struct page *thp;
+		/*
+		 * ignore allocation failure warnings
+		 */
+		gfp_t thp_gfpmask = GFP_TRANSHUGE | __GFP_NOWARN;
+
+		/*
+		 * Remove the movable mask so that we don't allocate from
+		 * CMA area again.
+		 */
+		thp_gfpmask &= ~__GFP_MOVABLE;
+		thp = __alloc_pages_node(nid, thp_gfpmask, HPAGE_PMD_ORDER);
+		if (!thp)
+			return NULL;
+		prep_transhuge_page(thp);
+		return thp;
+	}
+
+	return __alloc_pages_node(nid, gfp_mask, 0);
+}
+
+static long check_and_migrate_cma_pages(unsigned long start, long nr_pages,
+					unsigned int gup_flags,
+					struct page **pages,
+					struct vm_area_struct **vmas)
+{
+	long i;
+	bool drain_allow = true;
+	bool migrate_allow = true;
+	LIST_HEAD(cma_page_list);
+
+check_again:
+	for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
+		/*
+		 * If we get a page from the CMA zone, since we are going to
+		 * be pinning these entries, we might as well move them out
+		 * of the CMA zone if possible.
+		 */
+		if (is_migrate_cma_page(pages[i])) {
+
+			struct page *head = compound_head(pages[i]);
+
+			if (PageHuge(head)) {
+				isolate_huge_page(head, &cma_page_list);
+			} else {
+				if (!PageLRU(head) && drain_allow) {
+					lru_add_drain_all();
+					drain_allow = false;
+				}
+
+				if (!isolate_lru_page(head)) {
+					list_add_tail(&head->lru, &cma_page_list);
+					mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(head),
+							    NR_ISOLATED_ANON +
+							    page_is_file_cache(head),
+							    hpage_nr_pages(head));
+				}
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (!list_empty(&cma_page_list)) {
+		/*
+		 * drop the above get_user_pages reference.
+		 */
+		for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++)
+			put_page(pages[i]);
+
+		if (migrate_pages(&cma_page_list, new_non_cma_page,
+				  NULL, 0, MIGRATE_SYNC, MR_CONTIG_RANGE)) {
+			/*
+			 * some of the pages failed migration. Do get_user_pages
+			 * without migration.
+			 */
+			migrate_allow = false;
+
+			if (!list_empty(&cma_page_list))
+				putback_movable_pages(&cma_page_list);
+		}
+		/*
+		 * We did migrate all the pages, Try to get the page references again
+		 * migrating any new CMA pages which we failed to isolate earlier.
+		 */
+		nr_pages = get_user_pages(start, nr_pages, gup_flags, pages, vmas);
+		if ((nr_pages > 0) && migrate_allow) {
+			drain_allow = true;
+			goto check_again;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return nr_pages;
+}
+#else
+static inline long check_and_migrate_cma_pages(unsigned long start, long nr_pages,
+					       unsigned int gup_flags,
+					       struct page **pages,
+					       struct vm_area_struct **vmas)
+{
+	return nr_pages;
+}
+#endif
+
 /*
  * This is the same as get_user_pages() in that it assumes we are
  * operating on the current task's mm, but it goes further to validate
@@ -1140,11 +1303,11 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_user_pages);
  * Contrast this to iov_iter_get_pages() usages which are transient.
  */
 long get_user_pages_longterm(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
-		unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
-		struct vm_area_struct **vmas_arg)
+			     unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
+			     struct vm_area_struct **vmas_arg)
 {
 	struct vm_area_struct **vmas = vmas_arg;
-	struct vm_area_struct *vma_prev = NULL;
+	unsigned long flags;
 	long rc, i;
 
 	if (!pages)
@@ -1157,31 +1320,20 @@ long get_user_pages_longterm(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
 			return -ENOMEM;
 	}
 
+	flags = memalloc_nocma_save();
 	rc = get_user_pages(start, nr_pages, gup_flags, pages, vmas);
+	memalloc_nocma_restore(flags);
+	if (rc < 0)
+		goto out;
 
-	for (i = 0; i < rc; i++) {
-		struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmas[i];
-
-		if (vma == vma_prev)
-			continue;
-
-		vma_prev = vma;
-
-		if (vma_is_fsdax(vma))
-			break;
-	}
-
-	/*
-	 * Either get_user_pages() failed, or the vma validation
-	 * succeeded, in either case we don't need to put_page() before
-	 * returning.
-	 */
-	if (i >= rc)
+	if (check_dax_vmas(vmas, rc)) {
+		for (i = 0; i < rc; i++)
+			put_page(pages[i]);
+		rc = -EOPNOTSUPP;
 		goto out;
+	}
 
-	for (i = 0; i < rc; i++)
-		put_page(pages[i]);
-	rc = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+	rc = check_and_migrate_cma_pages(start, rc, gup_flags, pages, vmas);
 out:
 	if (vmas != vmas_arg)
 		kfree(vmas);

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