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Date:   Fri, 11 Jan 2019 16:58:38 -0700
From:   Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@...hat.com>
To:     Eric Auger <eric.auger@...hat.com>
Cc:     eric.auger.pro@...il.com, iommu@...ts.linux-foundation.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, kvm@...r.kernel.org,
        kvmarm@...ts.cs.columbia.edu, joro@...tes.org,
        jacob.jun.pan@...ux.intel.com, yi.l.liu@...ux.intel.com,
        jean-philippe.brucker@....com, will.deacon@....com,
        robin.murphy@....com, kevin.tian@...el.com, ashok.raj@...el.com,
        marc.zyngier@....com, christoffer.dall@....com,
        peter.maydell@...aro.org
Subject: Re: [RFC v3 18/21] vfio-pci: Add a new VFIO_REGION_TYPE_NESTED
 region type

On Tue,  8 Jan 2019 11:26:30 +0100
Eric Auger <eric.auger@...hat.com> wrote:

> This patch adds a new 64kB region aiming to report nested mode
> translation faults.
> 
> The region contains a header with the size of the queue,
> the producer and consumer indices and then the actual
> fault queue data. The producer is updated by the kernel while
> the consumer is updated by the userspace.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@...hat.com>
> 
> ---
> ---
>  drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c         | 102 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_private.h |   2 +
>  include/uapi/linux/vfio.h           |  15 ++++
>  3 files changed, 118 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
> index ff60bd1ea587..2ba181ab2edd 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
> @@ -56,6 +56,11 @@ module_param(disable_idle_d3, bool, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
>  MODULE_PARM_DESC(disable_idle_d3,
>  		 "Disable using the PCI D3 low power state for idle, unused devices");
>  
> +#define VFIO_FAULT_REGION_SIZE 0x10000

Why 64K?

> +#define VFIO_FAULT_QUEUE_SIZE	\
> +	((VFIO_FAULT_REGION_SIZE - sizeof(struct vfio_fault_region_header)) / \
> +	sizeof(struct iommu_fault))
> +
>  static inline bool vfio_vga_disabled(void)
>  {
>  #ifdef CONFIG_VFIO_PCI_VGA
> @@ -1226,6 +1231,100 @@ static const struct vfio_device_ops vfio_pci_ops = {
>  static int vfio_pci_reflck_attach(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev);
>  static void vfio_pci_reflck_put(struct vfio_pci_reflck *reflck);
>  
> +static size_t
> +vfio_pci_dma_fault_rw(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev, char __user *buf,
> +		      size_t count, loff_t *ppos, bool iswrite)
> +{
> +	unsigned int i = VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_TO_INDEX(*ppos) - VFIO_PCI_NUM_REGIONS;
> +	void *base = vdev->region[i].data;
> +	loff_t pos = *ppos & VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_MASK;
> +
> +	if (pos >= vdev->region[i].size)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	count = min(count, (size_t)(vdev->region[i].size - pos));
> +
> +	if (copy_to_user(buf, base + pos, count))
> +		return -EFAULT;
> +
> +	*ppos += count;
> +
> +	return count;
> +}
> +
> +static int vfio_pci_dma_fault_mmap(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev,
> +				   struct vfio_pci_region *region,
> +				   struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> +{
> +	u64 phys_len, req_len, pgoff, req_start;
> +	unsigned long long addr;
> +	unsigned int index;
> +
> +	index = vma->vm_pgoff >> (VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT);
> +
> +	if (vma->vm_end < vma->vm_start)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) == 0)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	phys_len = VFIO_FAULT_REGION_SIZE;
> +
> +	req_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
> +	pgoff = vma->vm_pgoff &
> +		((1U << (VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT)) - 1);
> +	req_start = pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT;
> +
> +	if (req_start + req_len > phys_len)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	addr = virt_to_phys(vdev->fault_region);
> +	vma->vm_private_data = vdev;
> +	vma->vm_pgoff = (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT) + pgoff;
> +
> +	return remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_pgoff,
> +			       req_len, vma->vm_page_prot);
> +}
> +
> +void vfio_pci_dma_fault_release(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev,
> +				struct vfio_pci_region *region)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +static const struct vfio_pci_regops vfio_pci_dma_fault_regops = {
> +	.rw		= vfio_pci_dma_fault_rw,
> +	.mmap		= vfio_pci_dma_fault_mmap,
> +	.release	= vfio_pci_dma_fault_release,
> +};
> +
> +static int vfio_pci_init_dma_fault_region(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev)
> +{
> +	u32 flags = VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_READ | VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_WRITE |
> +		    VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_MMAP;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	spin_lock_init(&vdev->fault_queue_lock);
> +
> +	vdev->fault_region = kmalloc(VFIO_FAULT_REGION_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!vdev->fault_region)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	ret = vfio_pci_register_dev_region(vdev,
> +		VFIO_REGION_TYPE_NESTED,
> +		VFIO_REGION_SUBTYPE_NESTED_FAULT_REGION,
> +		&vfio_pci_dma_fault_regops, VFIO_FAULT_REGION_SIZE,
> +		flags, vdev->fault_region);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		kfree(vdev->fault_region);
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	vdev->fault_region->header.prod = 0;
> +	vdev->fault_region->header.cons = 0;
> +	vdev->fault_region->header.reserved = 0;

Use kzalloc above or else we're leaking kernel memory to userspace
anyway.

> +	vdev->fault_region->header.size = VFIO_FAULT_QUEUE_SIZE;
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
>  static int vfio_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct pci_device_id *id)
>  {
>  	struct vfio_pci_device *vdev;
> @@ -1300,7 +1399,7 @@ static int vfio_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct pci_device_id *id)
>  		pci_set_power_state(pdev, PCI_D3hot);
>  	}
>  
> -	return ret;
> +	return vfio_pci_init_dma_fault_region(vdev);

Missing lots of cleanup should this fail.  Why is this done on probe
anyway?  This looks like something we'd do from vfio_pci_enable() and
therefore our release callback would free fault_region rather than what
we have below.

>  }
>  
>  static void vfio_pci_remove(struct pci_dev *pdev)
> @@ -1315,6 +1414,7 @@ static void vfio_pci_remove(struct pci_dev *pdev)
>  
>  	vfio_iommu_group_put(pdev->dev.iommu_group, &pdev->dev);
>  	kfree(vdev->region);
> +	kfree(vdev->fault_region);
>  	mutex_destroy(&vdev->ioeventfds_lock);
>  	kfree(vdev);
>  
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_private.h b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_private.h
> index 8c0009f00818..38b5d1764a26 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_private.h
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_private.h
> @@ -120,6 +120,8 @@ struct vfio_pci_device {
>  	int			ioeventfds_nr;
>  	struct eventfd_ctx	*err_trigger;
>  	struct eventfd_ctx	*req_trigger;
> +	spinlock_t              fault_queue_lock;
> +	struct vfio_fault_region *fault_region;
>  	struct list_head	dummy_resources_list;
>  	struct mutex		ioeventfds_lock;
>  	struct list_head	ioeventfds_list;
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> index 352e795a93c8..b78c2c62af6d 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> @@ -307,6 +307,9 @@ struct vfio_region_info_cap_type {
>  #define VFIO_REGION_TYPE_GFX                    (1)
>  #define VFIO_REGION_SUBTYPE_GFX_EDID            (1)
>  
> +#define VFIO_REGION_TYPE_NESTED			(2)
> +#define VFIO_REGION_SUBTYPE_NESTED_FAULT_REGION	(1)
> +
>  /**
>   * struct vfio_region_gfx_edid - EDID region layout.
>   *
> @@ -697,6 +700,18 @@ struct vfio_device_ioeventfd {
>  
>  #define VFIO_DEVICE_IOEVENTFD		_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 16)
>  
> +struct vfio_fault_region_header {
> +	__u32	size;		/* Read-Only */
> +	__u32	prod;		/* Read-Only */

We can't really enforce read-only if it's mmap'd.  I worry about
synchronization here too, perhaps there should be a ring offset such
that the ring can be in a separate page from the header and then sparse
mmap support can ensure that the user access is restricted.  I also
wonder if there are other transports that make sense here, this almost
feels like a vhost sort of thing.  Thanks,

Alex

> +	__u32	cons;
> +	__u32	reserved;	/* must be 0 */
> +};
> +
> +struct vfio_fault_region {
> +	struct vfio_fault_region_header header;
> +	struct iommu_fault queue[0];
> +};
> +
>  /* -------- API for Type1 VFIO IOMMU -------- */
>  
>  /**

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