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Date:   Tue, 15 Jan 2019 13:35:07 -0600
From:   Pierre-Louis Bossart <pierre-louis.bossart@...ux.intel.com>
To:     Mark Brown <broonie@...nel.org>
Cc:     rohkumar@....qualcomm.com, alsa-devel@...a-project.org,
        bgoswami@...eaurora.org, vinod.koul@...aro.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, plai@...eaurora.org, tiwai@...e.com,
        lgirdwood@...il.com, Ajit Pandey <ajitp@...eaurora.org>,
        Liam Girdwood <liam.r.girdwood@...ux.intel.com>,
        Rohit kumar <rohitkr@...eaurora.org>, asishb@...eaurora.org,
        srinivas.kandagatla@...aro.org
Subject: Re: [alsa-devel] [PATCH] ASoC: soc-core: Fix null pointer dereference
 in soc_find_component


On 1/14/19 6:06 PM, Mark Brown wrote:
> On Fri, Jan 11, 2019 at 03:49:08PM -0600, Pierre-Louis Bossart wrote:
>
>> Adding some traces I can see that the the platform name we use doesn't seem
>> compatible with your logic. All the Intel boards used a constant platform
>> name matching the PCI ID, see e.g. [1], which IIRC is used to bind
>> components. Liam, do you recall in more details if this is really required?
> That's telling me that either snd_soc_find_components() isn't finding
> components in the same way that we do when we bind things which isn't
> good or we're binding links without having fully matched everything on
> the link which also isn't good.
>
> Without a system that shows the issue I can't 100% confirm but I think
> it's the former - I'm fairly sure that those machines are relying on the
> component name being initialized to fmt_single_name() in
> snd_soc_component_initialize().  That is supposed to wind up using
> dev_name() (which would be the PCI address for a PCI device) as the
> basis of the name.  What I can't currently see is how exactly that gets
> bound (or how any of the other links avoid trouble for that matter).  We
> could revert and push this into cards but I would rather be confident
> that we understand what's going on, I'm not comfortable that we aren't
> just pushing the breakage around rather than fixing it.  Can someone
> with an x86 system take a look and confirm exactly what's going on with
> binding these cards please?

Beyond the fact that the platform_name seems to be totally useless, 
additional tests show that the patch ('ASoC: soc-core: defer card probe 
until all component is added to list') adds a new restriction which 
contradicts existing error checks.

None of the Intel machine drivers set the dailink "cpu_name" field but 
use the "cpu_dai_name" field instead. This was perfectly legit as 
documented by the code at the end of soc_init_dai_link()

     /*
      * At least one of CPU DAI name or CPU device name/node must be
      * specified
      */
     if (!link->cpu_dai_name &&
         !(link->cpu_name || link->cpu_of_node)) {
         dev_err(card->dev,
             "ASoC: Neither cpu_dai_name nor cpu_name/of_node are set 
for %s\n",
             link->name);
         return -EINVAL;
     }

The code contributed by Qualcomm only checks for cpu_name, which 
prevents the init from completing.

So if we want to be consistent, the new code should be something like:

diff --git a/sound/soc/soc-core.c b/sound/soc/soc-core.c
index b680c673c553..2791da9417f8 100644
--- a/sound/soc/soc-core.c
+++ b/sound/soc/soc-core.c
@@ -1154,7 +1154,7 @@ static int soc_init_dai_link(struct snd_soc_card 
*card,
          * Defer card registartion if cpu dai component is not added to
          * component list.
          */
-       if (!soc_find_component(link->cpu_of_node, link->cpu_name))
+       if (!link->cpu_dai_name && 
!soc_find_component(link->cpu_of_node, link->cpu_name))
                 return -EPROBE_DEFER;

         /*

or try to call soc_find_component with both cpu_name or cpu_dai_name, if 
this makes sense?

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