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Date:   Tue, 15 Jan 2019 08:25:51 +0100
From:   Michal Hocko <mhocko@...nel.org>
To:     Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@...gle.com>
Cc:     Johannes Weiner <hannes@...xchg.org>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@...il.com>,
        Cgroups <cgroups@...r.kernel.org>, Linux MM <linux-mm@...ck.org>,
        LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3] memcg: schedule high reclaim for remote memcgs on
 high_work

On Mon 14-01-19 12:18:07, Shakeel Butt wrote:
> On Sun, Jan 13, 2019 at 10:34 AM Michal Hocko <mhocko@...nel.org> wrote:
> >
> > On Fri 11-01-19 14:54:32, Shakeel Butt wrote:
> > > Hi Johannes,
> > >
> > > On Fri, Jan 11, 2019 at 12:59 PM Johannes Weiner <hannes@...xchg.org> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > Hi Shakeel,
> > > >
> > > > On Thu, Jan 10, 2019 at 09:44:32AM -0800, Shakeel Butt wrote:
> > > > > If a memcg is over high limit, memory reclaim is scheduled to run on
> > > > > return-to-userland.  However it is assumed that the memcg is the current
> > > > > process's memcg.  With remote memcg charging for kmem or swapping in a
> > > > > page charged to remote memcg, current process can trigger reclaim on
> > > > > remote memcg.  So, schduling reclaim on return-to-userland for remote
> > > > > memcgs will ignore the high reclaim altogether. So, record the memcg
> > > > > needing high reclaim and trigger high reclaim for that memcg on
> > > > > return-to-userland.  However if the memcg is already recorded for high
> > > > > reclaim and the recorded memcg is not the descendant of the the memcg
> > > > > needing high reclaim, punt the high reclaim to the work queue.
> > > >
> > > > The idea behind remote charging is that the thread allocating the
> > > > memory is not responsible for that memory, but a different cgroup
> > > > is. Why would the same thread then have to work off any high excess
> > > > this could produce in that unrelated group?
> > > >
> > > > Say you have a inotify/dnotify listener that is restricted in its
> > > > memory use - now everybody sending notification events from outside
> > > > that listener's group would get throttled on a cgroup over which it
> > > > has no control. That sounds like a recipe for priority inversions.
> > > >
> > > > It seems to me we should only do reclaim-on-return when current is in
> > > > the ill-behaved cgroup, and punt everything else - interrupts and
> > > > remote charges - to the workqueue.
> > >
> > > This is what v1 of this patch was doing but Michal suggested to do
> > > what this version is doing. Michal's argument was that the current is
> > > already charging and maybe reclaiming a remote memcg then why not do
> > > the high excess reclaim as well.
> >
> > Johannes has a good point about the priority inversion problems which I
> > haven't thought about.
> >
> > > Personally I don't have any strong opinion either way. What I actually
> > > wanted was to punt this high reclaim to some process in that remote
> > > memcg. However I didn't explore much on that direction thinking if
> > > that complexity is worth it. Maybe I should at least explore it, so,
> > > we can compare the solutions. What do you think?
> >
> > My question would be whether we really care all that much. Do we know of
> > workloads which would generate a large high limit excess?
> >
> 
> The current semantics of memory.high is that it can be breached under
> extreme conditions. However any workload where memory.high is used and
> a lot of remote memcg charging happens (inotify/dnotify example given
> by Johannes or swapping in tmpfs file or shared memory region) the
> memory.high breach will become common.

This is exactly what I am asking about. Is this something that can
happen easily? Remote charges on themselves should be rare, no?
-- 
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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