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Date:   Tue, 22 Jan 2019 12:00:33 +0200
From:   Joel Nider <joeln@...ibm.com>
To:     Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>
Cc:     Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@...pe.ca>, Leon Romanovsky <leon@...nel.org>,
        Doug Ledford <dledford@...hat.com>,
        Mike Rapoport <rppt@...ux.ibm.com>,
        Joel Nider <joeln@...ibm.com>, linux-doc@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v3 1/3] docs-rst: Convert user verbs doc to rst

Move user_verbs from infiniband to userspace while changing the
format. Replace the existing Documentation/infiniband/user_verbs.txt
with Documentation/userspace-api/rdma_user_verbs.rst. No substantial
changes to the content - just some minor reformatting to have the
rendering come out nicely.

Since this documents a userspace API, its home should be with the
other userspace API docs.

Signed-off-by: Joel Nider <joeln@...ibm.com>
---
 Documentation/infiniband/user_verbs.txt         | 69 ------------------------
 Documentation/userspace-api/index.rst           |  1 +
 Documentation/userspace-api/rdma_user_verbs.rst | 70 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 71 insertions(+), 69 deletions(-)
 delete mode 100644 Documentation/infiniband/user_verbs.txt
 create mode 100644 Documentation/userspace-api/rdma_user_verbs.rst

diff --git a/Documentation/infiniband/user_verbs.txt b/Documentation/infiniband/user_verbs.txt
deleted file mode 100644
index df049b9..0000000
--- a/Documentation/infiniband/user_verbs.txt
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,69 +0,0 @@
-USERSPACE VERBS ACCESS
-
-  The ib_uverbs module, built by enabling CONFIG_INFINIBAND_USER_VERBS,
-  enables direct userspace access to IB hardware via "verbs," as
-  described in chapter 11 of the InfiniBand Architecture Specification.
-
-  To use the verbs, the libibverbs library, available from
-  https://github.com/linux-rdma/rdma-core, is required. libibverbs contains a
-  device-independent API for using the ib_uverbs interface.
-  libibverbs also requires appropriate device-dependent kernel and
-  userspace driver for your InfiniBand hardware.  For example, to use
-  a Mellanox HCA, you will need the ib_mthca kernel module and the
-  libmthca userspace driver be installed.
-
-User-kernel communication
-
-  Userspace communicates with the kernel for slow path, resource
-  management operations via the /dev/infiniband/uverbsN character
-  devices.  Fast path operations are typically performed by writing
-  directly to hardware registers mmap()ed into userspace, with no
-  system call or context switch into the kernel.
-
-  Commands are sent to the kernel via write()s on these device files.
-  The ABI is defined in drivers/infiniband/include/ib_user_verbs.h.
-  The structs for commands that require a response from the kernel
-  contain a 64-bit field used to pass a pointer to an output buffer.
-  Status is returned to userspace as the return value of the write()
-  system call.
-
-Resource management
-
-  Since creation and destruction of all IB resources is done by
-  commands passed through a file descriptor, the kernel can keep track
-  of which resources are attached to a given userspace context.  The
-  ib_uverbs module maintains idr tables that are used to translate
-  between kernel pointers and opaque userspace handles, so that kernel
-  pointers are never exposed to userspace and userspace cannot trick
-  the kernel into following a bogus pointer.
-
-  This also allows the kernel to clean up when a process exits and
-  prevent one process from touching another process's resources.
-
-Memory pinning
-
-  Direct userspace I/O requires that memory regions that are potential
-  I/O targets be kept resident at the same physical address.  The
-  ib_uverbs module manages pinning and unpinning memory regions via
-  get_user_pages() and put_page() calls.  It also accounts for the
-  amount of memory pinned in the process's locked_vm, and checks that
-  unprivileged processes do not exceed their RLIMIT_MEMLOCK limit.
-
-  Pages that are pinned multiple times are counted each time they are
-  pinned, so the value of locked_vm may be an overestimate of the
-  number of pages pinned by a process.
-
-/dev files
-
-  To create the appropriate character device files automatically with
-  udev, a rule like
-
-    KERNEL=="uverbs*", NAME="infiniband/%k"
-
-  can be used.  This will create device nodes named
-
-    /dev/infiniband/uverbs0
-
-  and so on.  Since the InfiniBand userspace verbs should be safe for
-  use by non-privileged processes, it may be useful to add an
-  appropriate MODE or GROUP to the udev rule.
diff --git a/Documentation/userspace-api/index.rst b/Documentation/userspace-api/index.rst
index a3233da..b82720f 100644
--- a/Documentation/userspace-api/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/userspace-api/index.rst
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@ place where this information is gathered.
    seccomp_filter
    unshare
    spec_ctrl
+   rdma_user_verbs
 
 .. only::  subproject and html
 
diff --git a/Documentation/userspace-api/rdma_user_verbs.rst b/Documentation/userspace-api/rdma_user_verbs.rst
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ffc4aec
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/userspace-api/rdma_user_verbs.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,70 @@
+======================
+Userspace Verbs Access
+======================
+The ib_uverbs module, built by enabling CONFIG_INFINIBAND_USER_VERBS,
+enables direct userspace access to IB hardware via "verbs," as
+described in chapter 11 of the InfiniBand Architecture Specification.
+
+To use the verbs, the libibverbs library, available from
+https://github.com/linux-rdma/rdma-core, is required. libibverbs contains a
+device-independent API for using the ib_uverbs interface.
+libibverbs also requires appropriate device-dependent kernel and
+userspace driver for your InfiniBand hardware.  For example, to use
+a Mellanox HCA, you will need the ib_mthca kernel module and the
+libmthca userspace driver be installed.
+
+User-kernel communication
+=========================
+Userspace communicates with the kernel for slow path, resource
+management operations via the /dev/infiniband/uverbsN character
+devices.  Fast path operations are typically performed by writing
+directly to hardware registers mmap()ed into userspace, with no
+system call or context switch into the kernel.
+
+Commands are sent to the kernel via write()s on these device files.
+The ABI is defined in drivers/infiniband/include/ib_user_verbs.h.
+The structs for commands that require a response from the kernel
+contain a 64-bit field used to pass a pointer to an output buffer.
+Status is returned to userspace as the return value of the write()
+system call.
+
+Resource management
+===================
+Since creation and destruction of all IB resources is done by
+commands passed through a file descriptor, the kernel can keep track
+of which resources are attached to a given userspace context.  The
+ib_uverbs module maintains idr tables that are used to translate
+between kernel pointers and opaque userspace handles, so that kernel
+pointers are never exposed to userspace and userspace cannot trick
+the kernel into following a bogus pointer.
+
+This also allows the kernel to clean up when a process exits and
+prevent one process from touching another process's resources.
+
+Memory pinning
+==============
+Direct userspace I/O requires that memory regions that are potential
+I/O targets be kept resident at the same physical address.  The
+ib_uverbs module manages pinning and unpinning memory regions via
+get_user_pages() and put_page() calls.  It also accounts for the
+amount of memory pinned in the process's locked_vm, and checks that
+unprivileged processes do not exceed their RLIMIT_MEMLOCK limit.
+
+Pages that are pinned multiple times are counted each time they are
+pinned, so the value of locked_vm may be an overestimate of the
+number of pages pinned by a process.
+
+/dev files
+==========
+To create the appropriate character device files automatically with
+udev, a rule like::
+
+   KERNEL=="uverbs*", NAME="infiniband/%k"
+
+can be used.  This will create device nodes named::
+
+    /dev/infiniband/uverbs0
+
+and so on.  Since the InfiniBand userspace verbs should be safe for
+use by non-privileged processes, it may be useful to add an
+appropriate MODE or GROUP to the udev rule.
-- 
2.7.4

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