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Date:   Tue, 22 Jan 2019 20:44:18 +0800
From:   Heyi Guo <>
To:     Marc Zyngier <>
CC:     <>,
        Thomas Gleixner <>,
        Jason Cooper <>,
Subject: Re: [RFC] irq-gic-v3-its: fix occasional VLPI drop

Hi Marc,

Thanks for your feedback. Please see my comments below.

On 2019/1/22 17:53, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> Hi Heyi,
> On Mon, 21 Jan 2019 11:51:48 +0000,
> Heyi Guo <> wrote:
>> Every VLPI will temporarily be mapped to the first CPU in system
>> (normally CPU0) and then moved to the real scheduled CPU later. There
>> is a time window so a VLPI may be sent to CPU0 instead of the real
>> scheduled vCPU, in a multi-CPU virtual machine. However, CPU0 may have
>> not been scheduled as a virtual CPU after system boots up, so the
>> value of GICR_VPROPBASER still be the reset value. According to GIC
>> spec, the reset value of IDbits in GICR_VPROPBASER is architecturally
>> UNKNOWN, and the GIC will behave as if all virtual LPIs are out of
>> range if it is less than 0b1101. On our platform the GICR will simply
>> drop the incoming VLPI, which results in interrupt missing in Guest.
> OK, it took me some time to page this horror back in. So let's see if
> I can sum-up the issue correctly:
Sorry for not explaining the whole thing clearly...

> - When a VM gets created, all the vPEs are mapped to CPU0's
>    redistributor.
Not exactly on VM geting created, but when the passthru PCI device driver in Guest tries to enable MSI interrupts. The specific code is in its_map_vm().
> - If a device starts emitting VLPIs targeting a vPE that has not run
>    yet, these VLPIs are forwarded to CPU0's redistributor.
> - If CPU0 has itself never run any vPE, its GICR_PROPBASER is not
>    initialised, meaning that the IDbits field may contain a value that
>    makes the redistributor drop the interrupt on the floor.
> Is that a correct assessment of the issue you're seeing? If so, I
> think you have a very good point here, and this looks like a hole in
> the driver.
> Comments below:
>> As no code will clear GICR_VPROPBASER at runtime, we can safely
>> initialize the IDbits field at boot time for each CPU to get rid of
>> this issue.
>> Signed-off-by: Heyi Guo <>
>> Signed-off-by: Heyi Guo <>
>> ---
>>   drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v3-its.c | 14 ++++++++++++++
>>   1 file changed, 14 insertions(+)
>> diff --git a/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v3-its.c b/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v3-its.c
>> index db20e99..6116215 100644
>> --- a/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v3-its.c
>> +++ b/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v3-its.c
>> @@ -2144,6 +2144,20 @@ static void its_cpu_init_lpis(void)
>>   	writel_relaxed(val, rbase + GICR_CTLR);
>> +	/*
>> +	 * Temporary workaround for vlpi drop on Hi1620.
> Why is this specific to this implementation? Isn't this an issue that
> affects every GICv4 implementations?
This was an internal patch and I forgot to modify the comment before sending out, either not 100% sure that it is the common behavior of GICv4 to drop VLPI if IDbits is not correctly configured.
I can change it in V2.

>> +	 * IDbits must be set before any VLPI is sent to this CPU, or else the
>> +	 * VLPI will be considered as out of range and dropped.
>> +	 */
>> +	if (gic_rdists->has_vlpis) {
>> +		void __iomem *vlpi_base = gic_data_rdist_vlpi_base();
>> +
>> +		pr_info("GICv4: CPU%d: Init IDbits to 0x%llx for GICR_VPROPBASER\n",
>> +			smp_processor_id(), val);
> I don't think this pr_info is useful to a normal user, as it is only
> debug information. I'm actually minded to demote a bunch of the GICv3
> prints to pr_debug.
>> +		gits_write_vpropbaser(val, vlpi_base + GICR_VPROPBASER);
>> +	}
>> +
> I think we need to clear GICR_VPENDBASER.Valid too (you can probably
> reuse part of its_vpe_deschedule for that), so that we don't get into
> a bizarre situation where CPU0's redistributor has some ancient
> programming left in, and could start corrupting memory.
I can do that for safety. But is it possible of corrupting memory? Even if GICR_VPENDBASER.Valid==1, I don't think it is possible that GICR_VPENDBASER.Physical_Address equals to VPT_addr, so kernel should consider vPE is not sheculed on CPU0 and only memory pointed by VPT_addr will be modified. Please let me know if I'm wrong :)
>>   	/* Make sure the GIC has seen the above */
>>   	dsb(sy);
>>   out:
>> -- 
> Can you please respin this quickly with the above changes?

> Thanks,
> 	M.

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