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Date:   Wed, 20 Feb 2019 08:50:36 +0530
From:   Anshuman Khandual <>
To:     Matthew Wilcox <>
Cc:     Yu Zhao <>,
        Catalin Marinas <>,
        Will Deacon <>,
        "Aneesh Kumar K . V" <>,
        Andrew Morton <>,
        Nick Piggin <>,
        Peter Zijlstra <>,
        Joel Fernandes <>,
        "Kirill A . Shutemov" <>,
        Mark Rutland <>,
        Ard Biesheuvel <>,
        Chintan Pandya <>,
        Jun Yao <>,
        Laura Abbott <>,,,,
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 1/3] arm64: mm: use appropriate ctors for page tables

On 02/20/2019 07:04 AM, Matthew Wilcox wrote:
> On Tue, Feb 19, 2019 at 11:47:12AM +0530, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
>> + Matthew Wilcox
>> On 02/19/2019 11:02 AM, Yu Zhao wrote:
>>> On Tue, Feb 19, 2019 at 09:51:01AM +0530, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
>>>> On 02/19/2019 04:43 AM, Yu Zhao wrote:
>>>>> For pte page, use pgtable_page_ctor(); for pmd page, use
>>>>> pgtable_pmd_page_ctor() if not folded; and for the rest (pud,
>>>>> p4d and pgd), don't use any.
>>>> pgtable_page_ctor()/dtor() is not optional for any level page table page
>>>> as it determines the struct page state and zone statistics.
>>> This is not true. pgtable_page_ctor() is only meant for user pte
>>> page. The name isn't perfect (we named it this way before we had
>>> split pmd page table lock, and never bothered to change it).
>>> The commit cccd843f54be ("mm: mark pages in use for page tables")
> Where did you get that commit ID from?  In Linus' tree, it's
> 1d40a5ea01d53251c23c7be541d3f4a656cfc537
>>> clearly states so:
>>>   Note that only pages currently accounted as NR_PAGETABLES are
>>>   tracked as PageTable; this does not include pgd/p4d/pud/pmd pages.
>> I think the commit is the following one and it does say so. But what is
>> the rationale of tagging only PTE page as PageTable and updating the zone
>> stat but not doing so for higher level page table pages ? Are not they
>> used as page table pages ? Should not they count towards NR_PAGETABLE ?
>> 1d40a5ea01d53251c ("mm: mark pages in use for page tables")
> I think they should all be accounted towards NR_PAGETABLE and marked
> as being PageTable.  Somebody needs to make the case for that and

Okay so we agree on the applicability part.

> send the patches.  That patch even says that there should be follow-up
> patches to do that.  I've been a little busy and haven't got back to it.
> I thought you said you were going to do it.

This is very much arch specific. pgtabe_page_ctor()/dtor() are not uniformly
called for all page table level allocations (user or kernel) across different
archs. Yes I am planning to make generic page table allocation functions for
all levels which archs can choose to use. But for now I have a series to fix
the situation on arm64.

>> pgtable_page_ctor/dtor() use across arch is not consistent and there is a need
>> for generalization which has been already acknowledged earlier. But for now we
>> can atleast fix this on arm64.
> ... were you not listening when you were told that was completely
> inadequate?

Agreed. The discussion on the thread made it clear that the above patch was
inadequate. What I was trying to point out (probably not very clearly) that
there is a need for larger generalization/consolidation on page table page
allocation front including but might not be limited to allocation flag for
user/kernel page table, standard allocation functions etc. The very idea of
quoting the above URL here was to bring attention to the fact that different
archs are doing these allocations differently already.

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