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Date:   Wed, 20 Feb 2019 17:23:31 +0000
From:   Jonathan Cameron <>
To:     David Lechner <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3] iio: adc: ti-ads7950: add GPIO support

On Wed, 20 Feb 2019 10:48:49 -0600
David Lechner <> wrote:

> On 2/20/19 6:00 AM, Jonathan Cameron wrote:
> > On Wed, 13 Feb 2019 09:10:53 +0100
> > David Lechner <> wrote:
> >   
> >> On 2/12/19 9:57 PM, wrote:  
> >>> From: Justin Chen <>
> >>>
> >>> The ADS79XX has GPIO pins that can be used. Add support for the GPIO
> >>> pins using the GPIO chip framework.
> >>>
> >>> Signed-off-by: Justin Chen <>
> >>> ---  
> >>
> >> It will be better to split this up into two patches[1]. One to replace
> >> all uses of indio_dev->mlock with the new local lock and then another to
> >> add GPIO support.
> >>
> >> How are you using/testing this patch? Do we need device tree bindings?
> >>
> >> It will also help reviewers if you add a note about what you changed in
> >> each revision of the patch when you resubmit. The usual way to do this
> >> is something like:
> >>
> >>       v3 changes:
> >>
> >>       - Fixed unlocking mutex too many times in ti_ads7950_init_gpio()
> >>
> >> It also is nice to wait a few days at least before submitting the next
> >> revision to give people some time to respond.  
> > 
> > Agreed with all comments except the endian one.
> > SPI doesn't define an endianness of data on the wire, so we may need
> > to convert to match whatever ordering the ti chip expects.
> > I would expect things to be thoroughly broken if we remove those
> > conversions - particularly as I doubt this is being tested with a
> > big endian host!
> > 
> > Jonathan  
> I'm a bit confused then. I got this idea from include/linux/spi.h, which
> says:
>   * In-memory data values are always in native CPU byte order, translated
>   * from the wire byte order (big-endian except with SPI_LSB_FIRST).  So
>   * for example when bits_per_word is sixteen, buffers are 2N bytes long
>   * (@len = 2N) and hold N sixteen bit words in CPU byte order.
> And in the most recent patches to the ti-ads7950 driver where we switched
> from 8-bit words to 16-bit words, I had to remove the calls to cpu_to_be16()
> to keep things working.
Ah, my apologies, I didn't look at this closely enough.

I was assuming we weren't in 16 bit mode here - oops.

Otherwise this wouldn't have any hope of working... Except I'm assuming it is...

Hmm. Given the result of that cpu_to_be16 will be to swap (as almost certainly
on le system), I'm going to hazzard a guess that the ti device is expecting
little endian and we should be setting SPI_LSB_FIRST.
Which is odd because the data sheet definitely looks MSB first. Not to mention
this isn't be done elsewhere in the driver.

So only option I can fall back on is that it is being used on a be system
(hence noop) or is a forward port of an older patch for the driver that missed
your 16 bit change...

> I realize that I am only using one SPI controller, so I may be making a bad
> assumption here, but it seems to me that it is up to the SPI controller to
> make sure the bits get sent over the wire in the correct order and we
> shouldn't have to worry about it here. We are implicitly telling the SPI
> controller that we need big-endian over the wire by omitting the SPI_LSB_FIRST
> flag here:
> 	spi->bits_per_word = 16;
> 	spi->mode |= SPI_CS_WORD;
> 	ret = spi_setup(spi);
You are entirely correct, I was too lazy and had forgotten your change to
move to 16 bits.


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