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Date:   Tue, 26 Feb 2019 16:03:23 -0800
From:   Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@...cle.com>
To:     Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        David Rientjes <rientjes@...gle.com>
Cc:     Jing Xiangfeng <jingxiangfeng@...wei.com>, mhocko@...nel.org,
        hughd@...gle.com, linux-mm@...ck.org, n-horiguchi@...jp.nec.com,
        Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@...hat.com>,
        kirill.shutemov@...ux.intel.com, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v4] mm/hugetlb: Fix unsigned overflow in
 __nr_hugepages_store_common()

On 2/26/19 2:36 PM, Andrew Morton wrote:
>> ...
>>
>> --- a/mm/hugetlb.c
>> +++ b/mm/hugetlb.c
>> @@ -2274,7 +2274,7 @@ static int adjust_pool_surplus(struct hstate *h,
>> nodemask_t *nodes_allowed,
> 
> Please tweak that email client to prevent the wordwraps.

Sorry about that.

>> +	/*
>> +	 * Check for a node specific request.  Adjust global count, but
>> +	 * restrict alloc/free to the specified node.
>> +	 */

Better comment might be:

	/*
	 * Check for a node specific request.
	 * Changing node specific huge page count may require a corresponding
	 * change to the global count.  In any case, the passed node mask
	 * (nodes_allowed) will restrict alloc/free to the specified node.
	 */

>> +	if (nid != NUMA_NO_NODE) {
>> +		unsigned long old_count = count;
>> +		count += h->nr_huge_pages - h->nr_huge_pages_node[nid];
>> +		/*
>> +		 * If user specified count causes overflow, set to
>> +		 * largest possible value.
>> +		 */

Updated comment:
		/*
		 * User may have specified a large count value which caused the
		 * above calculation to overflow.  In this case, they wanted
		 * to allocate as many huge pages as possible.  Set count to
		 * largest possible value to align with their intention.
		 */

>> +		if (count < old_count)
>> +			count = ULONG_MAX;
>> +	}
> 
> The above two comments explain the code, but do not reveal the
> reasoning behind the policy decisions which that code implements.
> 
>> ...
>>
>> +	} else {
>>  		/*
>> -		 * per node hstate attribute: adjust count to global,
>> -		 * but restrict alloc/free to the specified node.
>> +		 * Node specific request, but we could not allocate
>> +		 * node mask.  Pass in ALL nodes, and clear nid.
>>  		 */
> 
> Ditto here, somewhat.

I was just going to update the comments and send you a new patch, but
but your comment got me thinking about this situation.  I did not really
change the way this code operates.  As a reminder, the original code is like:

NODEMASK_ALLOC(nodemask_t, nodes_allowed, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY);

if (nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) {
	/* do something */
} else if (nodes_allowed) {
	/* do something else */
} else {
	nodes_allowed = &node_states[N_MEMORY];
}

So, the only way we get to that final else if if we can not allocate
a node mask (kmalloc a few words).  Right?  I wonder why we should
even try to continue in this case.  Why not just return right there?

The specified count value is either a request to increase number of
huge pages or decrease.  If we can't allocate a few words, we certainly
are not going to find memory to create huge pages.  There 'might' be
surplus pages which can be converted to permanent pages.  But remember
this is a 'node specific' request and we can't allocate a mask to pass
down to the conversion routines.  So, chances are good we would operate
on the wrong node.  The same goes for a request to 'free' huge pages.
Since, we can't allocate a node mask we are likely to free them from
the wrong node.

Unless my reasoning above is incorrect, I think that final else block
in __nr_hugepages_store_common() is wrong.

Any additional thoughts?
-- 
Mike Kravetz

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