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Date:   Thu, 28 Feb 2019 11:01:46 +0100
From:   Daniel Vetter <daniel@...ll.ch>
To:     Hyun Kwon <hyun.kwon@...inx.com>
Cc:     Daniel Vetter <daniel@...ll.ch>, Hyun Kwon <hyunk@...inx.com>,
        Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
        Stefano Stabellini <stefanos@...inx.com>,
        Sonal Santan <sonals@...inx.com>,
        Cyril Chemparathy <cyrilc@...inx.com>,
        Jiaying Liang <jliang@...inx.com>,
        dri-devel <dri-devel@...ts.freedesktop.org>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "moderated list:DMA BUFFER SHARING FRAMEWORK" 
        <linaro-mm-sig@...ts.linaro.org>,
        Michal Simek <michals@...inx.com>,
        Linux ARM <linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>,
        "open list:DMA BUFFER SHARING FRAMEWORK" 
        <linux-media@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH RFC 1/1] uio: Add dma-buf import ioctls

On Wed, Feb 27, 2019 at 04:36:06PM -0800, Hyun Kwon wrote:
> Hi Daniel,
> 
> On Wed, 2019-02-27 at 06:13:45 -0800, Daniel Vetter wrote:
> > On Tue, Feb 26, 2019 at 11:20 PM Hyun Kwon <hyun.kwon@...inx.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > Hi Daniel,
> > >
> > > Thanks for the comment.
> > >
> > > On Tue, 2019-02-26 at 04:06:13 -0800, Daniel Vetter wrote:
> > > > On Tue, Feb 26, 2019 at 12:53 PM Greg Kroah-Hartman
> > > > <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org> wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > On Sat, Feb 23, 2019 at 12:28:17PM -0800, Hyun Kwon wrote:
> > > > > > Add the dmabuf map / unmap interfaces. This allows the user driver
> > > > > > to be able to import the external dmabuf and use it from user space.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Signed-off-by: Hyun Kwon <hyun.kwon@...inx.com>
> > > > > > ---
> > > > > >  drivers/uio/Makefile         |   2 +-
> > > > > >  drivers/uio/uio.c            |  43 +++++++++
> > > > > >  drivers/uio/uio_dmabuf.c     | 210 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > > > >  drivers/uio/uio_dmabuf.h     |  26 ++++++
> > > > > >  include/uapi/linux/uio/uio.h |  33 +++++++
> > > > > >  5 files changed, 313 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > > > > >  create mode 100644 drivers/uio/uio_dmabuf.c
> > > > > >  create mode 100644 drivers/uio/uio_dmabuf.h
> > > > > >  create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/uio/uio.h
> > > > > >
> > > > > > diff --git a/drivers/uio/Makefile b/drivers/uio/Makefile
> > > > > > index c285dd2..5da16c7 100644
> > > > > > --- a/drivers/uio/Makefile
> > > > > > +++ b/drivers/uio/Makefile
> > > > > > @@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
> > > > > >  # SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > > > > > -obj-$(CONFIG_UIO)    += uio.o
> > > > > > +obj-$(CONFIG_UIO)    += uio.o uio_dmabuf.o
> > > > > >  obj-$(CONFIG_UIO_CIF)        += uio_cif.o
> > > > > >  obj-$(CONFIG_UIO_PDRV_GENIRQ)        += uio_pdrv_genirq.o
> > > > > >  obj-$(CONFIG_UIO_DMEM_GENIRQ)        += uio_dmem_genirq.o
> > > > > > diff --git a/drivers/uio/uio.c b/drivers/uio/uio.c
> > > > > > index 1313422..6841f98 100644
> > > > > > --- a/drivers/uio/uio.c
> > > > > > +++ b/drivers/uio/uio.c
> > > > > > @@ -24,6 +24,12 @@
> > > > > >  #include <linux/kobject.h>
> > > > > >  #include <linux/cdev.h>
> > > > > >  #include <linux/uio_driver.h>
> > > > > > +#include <linux/list.h>
> > > > > > +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> > > > > > +
> > > > > > +#include <uapi/linux/uio/uio.h>
> > > > > > +
> > > > > > +#include "uio_dmabuf.h"
> > > > > >
> > > > > >  #define UIO_MAX_DEVICES              (1U << MINORBITS)
> > > > > >
> > > > > > @@ -454,6 +460,8 @@ static irqreturn_t uio_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
> > > > > >  struct uio_listener {
> > > > > >       struct uio_device *dev;
> > > > > >       s32 event_count;
> > > > > > +     struct list_head dbufs;
> > > > > > +     struct mutex dbufs_lock; /* protect @dbufs */
> > > > > >  };
> > > > > >
> > > > > >  static int uio_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
> > > > > > @@ -500,6 +508,9 @@ static int uio_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
> > > > > >       if (ret)
> > > > > >               goto err_infoopen;
> > > > > >
> > > > > > +     INIT_LIST_HEAD(&listener->dbufs);
> > > > > > +     mutex_init(&listener->dbufs_lock);
> > > > > > +
> > > > > >       return 0;
> > > > > >
> > > > > >  err_infoopen:
> > > > > > @@ -529,6 +540,10 @@ static int uio_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
> > > > > >       struct uio_listener *listener = filep->private_data;
> > > > > >       struct uio_device *idev = listener->dev;
> > > > > >
> > > > > > +     ret = uio_dmabuf_cleanup(idev, &listener->dbufs, &listener->dbufs_lock);
> > > > > > +     if (ret)
> > > > > > +             dev_err(&idev->dev, "failed to clean up the dma bufs\n");
> > > > > > +
> > > > > >       mutex_lock(&idev->info_lock);
> > > > > >       if (idev->info && idev->info->release)
> > > > > >               ret = idev->info->release(idev->info, inode);
> > > > > > @@ -652,6 +667,33 @@ static ssize_t uio_write(struct file *filep, const char __user *buf,
> > > > > >       return retval ? retval : sizeof(s32);
> > > > > >  }
> > > > > >
> > > > > > +static long uio_ioctl(struct file *filep, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
> > > > >
> > > > > We have resisted adding a uio ioctl for a long time, can't you do this
> > > > > through sysfs somehow?
> > > > >
> > > > > A meta-comment about your ioctl structure:
> > > > >
> > > > > > +#define UIO_DMABUF_DIR_BIDIR 1
> > > > > > +#define UIO_DMABUF_DIR_TO_DEV        2
> > > > > > +#define UIO_DMABUF_DIR_FROM_DEV      3
> > > > > > +#define UIO_DMABUF_DIR_NONE  4
> > > > >
> > > > > enumerated type?
> > > > >
> > > > > > +
> > > > > > +struct uio_dmabuf_args {
> > > > > > +     __s32   dbuf_fd;
> > > > > > +     __u64   dma_addr;
> > > > > > +     __u64   size;
> > > > > > +     __u32   dir;
> > > > >
> > > > > Why the odd alignment?  Are you sure this is the best packing for such a
> > > > > structure?
> > > > >
> > > > > Why is dbuf_fd __s32?  dir can be __u8, right?
> > > > >
> > > > > I don't know that dma layer very well, it would be good to get some
> > > > > review from others to see if this really is even a viable thing to do.
> > > > > The fd handling seems a bit "odd" here, but maybe I just do not
> > > > > understand it.
> > > >
> > > > Frankly looks like a ploy to sidestep review by graphics folks. We'd
> > > > ask for the userspace first :-)
> > >
> > > Please refer to pull request [1].
> > >
> > > For any interest in more details, the libmetal is the abstraction layer
> > > which provides platform independent APIs. The backend implementation
> > > can be selected per different platforms: ex, rtos, linux,
> > > standalone (xilinx),,,. For Linux, it supports UIO / vfio as of now.
> > > The actual user space drivers sit on top of libmetal. Such drivers can be
> > > found in [2]. This is why I try to avoid any device specific code in
> > > Linux kernel.
> > >
> > > >
> > > > Also, exporting dma_addr to userspace is considered a very bad idea.
> > >
> > > I agree, hence the RFC to pick some brains. :-) Would it make sense
> > > if this call doesn't export the physicall address, but instead takes
> > > only the dmabuf fd and register offsets to be programmed?
> > >
> > > > If you want to do this properly, you need a minimal in-kernel memory
> > > > manager, and those tend to be based on top of drm_gem.c and merged
> > > > through the gpu tree. The last place where we accidentally leaked a
> > > > dma addr for gpu buffers was in the fbdev code, and we plugged that
> > > > one with
> > >
> > > Could you please help me understand how having a in-kernel memory manager
> > > helps? Isn't it just moving same dmabuf import / paddr export functionality
> > > in different modules: kernel memory manager vs uio. In fact, Xilinx does have
> > > such memory manager based on drm gem in downstream. But for this time we took
> > > the approach of implementing this through generic dmabuf allocator, ION, and
> > > enabling the import capability in the UIO infrastructure instead.
> > 
> > There's a group of people working on upstreaming a xilinx drm driver
> > already. Which driver are we talking about? Can you pls provide a link
> > to that xilinx drm driver?
> > 
> 
> The one I was pushing [1] is implemented purely for display, and not
> intended for anything other than that as of now. What I'm refering to above
> is part of Xilinx FPGA (acceleration) runtime [2]. As far as I know,
> it's planned to be upstreamed, but not yet started. The Xilinx runtime
> software has its own in-kernel memory manager based on drm_cma_gem with
> its own ioctls [3].
> 
> Thanks,
> -hyun
> 
> [1] https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10513001/
> [2] https://github.com/Xilinx/XRT
> [3] https://github.com/Xilinx/XRT/tree/master/src/runtime_src/driver/zynq/drm

I've done a very quick look only, and yes this is kinda what I'd expect.
Doing a small drm gem driver for an fpga/accelarator that needs lots of
memories is the right architecture, since at the low level of kernel
interfaces a gpu really isn't anything else than an accelarater.

And from a very cursory look the gem driver you mentioned (I only scrolled
through the ioctl handler quickly) looks reasonable.
-Daniel
> 
> > Thanks, Daniel
> > 
> > > Thanks,
> > > -hyun
> > >
> > > [1] https://github.com/OpenAMP/libmetal/pull/82/commits/951e2762bd487c98919ad12f2aa81773d8fe7859
> > > [2] https://github.com/Xilinx/embeddedsw/tree/master/XilinxProcessorIPLib/drivers
> > >
> > > >
> > > > commit 4be9bd10e22dfc7fc101c5cf5969ef2d3a042d8a (tag:
> > > > drm-misc-next-fixes-2018-10-03)
> > > > Author: Neil Armstrong <narmstrong@...libre.com>
> > > > Date:   Fri Sep 28 14:05:55 2018 +0200
> > > >
> > > >     drm/fb_helper: Allow leaking fbdev smem_start
> > > >
> > > > Together with cuse the above patch should be enough to implement a drm
> > > > driver entirely in userspace at least.
> > > >
> > > > Cheers, Daniel
> > > > --
> > > > Daniel Vetter
> > > > Software Engineer, Intel Corporation
> > > > +41 (0) 79 365 57 48 - http://blog.ffwll.ch
> > 
> > 
> > 
> > -- 
> > Daniel Vetter
> > Software Engineer, Intel Corporation
> > +41 (0) 79 365 57 48 - http://blog.ffwll.ch

-- 
Daniel Vetter
Software Engineer, Intel Corporation
http://blog.ffwll.ch

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