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Date:   Fri, 1 Mar 2019 10:30:38 +0100
From:   Maxime Ripard <maxime.ripard@...tlin.com>
To:     Gerhard Wiesinger <lists@...singer.com>
Cc:     arm@...ts.fedoraproject.org, Chen-Yu Tsai <wens@...e.org>,
        LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, linux-mm@...ck.org,
        Florian Fainelli <f.fainelli@...il.com>, filbar@...trum.cz
Subject: Re: Banana Pi-R1 stabil

On Thu, Feb 28, 2019 at 08:41:53PM +0100, Gerhard Wiesinger wrote:
> On 28.02.2019 10:35, Maxime Ripard wrote:
> > On Wed, Feb 27, 2019 at 07:58:14PM +0100, Gerhard Wiesinger wrote:
> > > On 27.02.2019 10:20, Maxime Ripard wrote:
> > > > On Sun, Feb 24, 2019 at 09:04:57AM +0100, Gerhard Wiesinger wrote:
> > > > > Hello,
> > > > > 
> > > > > I've 3 Banana Pi R1, one running with self compiled kernel
> > > > > 4.7.4-200.BPiR1.fc24.armv7hl and old Fedora 25 which is VERY STABLE, the 2
> > > > > others are running with Fedora 29 latest, kernel 4.20.10-200.fc29.armv7hl. I
> > > > > tried a lot of kernels between of around 4.11
> > > > > (kernel-4.11.10-200.fc25.armv7hl) until 4.20.10 but all had crashes without
> > > > > any output on the serial console or kernel panics after a short time of
> > > > > period (minutes, hours, max. days)
> > > > > 
> > > > > Latest known working and stable self compiled kernel: kernel
> > > > > 4.7.4-200.BPiR1.fc24.armv7hl:
> > > > > 
> > > > > https://www.wiesinger.com/opensource/fedora/kernel/BananaPi-R1/
> > > > > 
> > > > > With 4.8.x the DSA b53 switch infrastructure has been introduced which
> > > > > didn't work (until ca8931948344c485569b04821d1f6bcebccd376b and kernel
> > > > > 4.18.x):
> > > > > 
> > > > > https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux.git/tree/drivers/net/dsa/b53?h=v4.20.12
> > > > > 
> > > > > https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux.git/log/drivers/net/dsa/b53?h=v4.20.12
> > > > > 
> > > > > https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux.git/commit/drivers/net/dsa/b53?h=v4.20.12&id=ca8931948344c485569b04821d1f6bcebccd376b
> > > > > 
> > > > > I has been fixed with kernel 4.18.x:
> > > > > 
> > > > > https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux.git/log/drivers/net/dsa/b53?h=linux-4.18.y
> > > > > 
> > > > > 
> > > > > So current status is, that kernel crashes regularly, see some samples below.
> > > > > It is typically a "Unable to handle kernel paging request at virtual addres"
> > > > > 
> > > > > Another interesting thing: A Banana Pro works well (which has also an
> > > > > Allwinner A20 in the same revision) running same Fedora 29 and latest
> > > > > kernels (e.g. kernel 4.20.10-200.fc29.armv7hl.).
> > > > > 
> > > > > Since it happens on 2 different devices and with different power supplies
> > > > > (all with enough power) and also the same type which works well on the
> > > > > working old kernel) a hardware issue is very unlikely.
> > > > > 
> > > > > I guess it has something to do with virtual memory.
> > > > > 
> > > > > Any ideas?
> > > > > [47322.960193] Unable to handle kernel paging request at virtual addres 5675d0
> > > > That line is a bit suspicious
> > > > 
> > > > Anyway, cpufreq is known to cause those kind of errors when the
> > > > voltage / frequency association is not correct.
> > > > 
> > > > Given the stack trace and that the BananaPro doesn't have cpufreq
> > > > enabled, my first guess would be that it's what's happening. Could you
> > > > try using the performance governor and see if it's more stable?
> > > > 
> > > > If it is, then using this:
> > > > https://github.com/ssvb/cpuburn-arm/blob/master/cpufreq-ljt-stress-test
> > > > 
> > > > will help you find the offending voltage-frequency couple.
> > > For me it looks like they have all the same config regarding cpu governor
> > > (Banana Pro, old kernel stable one, new kernel unstable ones)
> > The Banana Pro doesn't have a regulator set up, so it will only change
> > the frequency, not the voltage.
> > 
> > > They all have the ondemand governor set:
> > > 
> > > I set on the 2 unstable "new kernel Banana Pi R1":
> > > 
> > > # Set to max performance
> > > echo "performance" > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/scaling_governor
> > > echo "performance" > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/cpufreq/scaling_governor
> > What are the results?
> 
> Stable since more than around 1,5 days. Normally they have been crashed for
> such a long uptime. So it looks that the performance governor fixes it.
> 
> I guess crashes occour because of changing CPU voltage and clock changes and
> invalid data (e.g. also invalid RAM contents might be read, register
> problems, etc).
> 
> Any ideas how to fix it for ondemand mode, too?

Run https://github.com/ssvb/cpuburn-arm/blob/master/cpufreq-ljt-stress-test

> But it doesn't explaing that it works with kernel 4.7.4 without any
> problems.

My best guess would be that cpufreq wasn't enabled at that time, or
without voltage scaling.

Maxime

-- 
Maxime Ripard, Bootlin
Embedded Linux and Kernel engineering
https://bootlin.com

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