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Date:   Tue, 5 Mar 2019 23:13:46 -0800
From:   Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>
To:     <bpf@...r.kernel.org>, <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
CC:     <ast@...nel.org>, <daniel@...earbox.net>, <kernel-team@...com>,
        <peterz@...radead.org>, <acme@...hat.com>, <jolsa@...nel.org>,
        <namhyung@...nel.org>, Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>
Subject: [PATCH v6 perf,bpf 02/15] bpf: libbpf: introduce bpf_program__get_prog_info_linear()

Currently, bpf_prog_info includes 9 arrays. The user has the option to
fetch any combination of these arrays. However, this requires a lot of
handling of these arrays. This work becomes more tricky when we need to
store bpf_prog_info to a file, because these arrays are allocated
independently.

This patch introduces struct bpf_prog_info_linear, which stores arrays
of bpf_prog_info in continues memory. Helper functions are introduced
to unify the work to get different information of bpf_prog_info.
Specifically, bpf_program__get_prog_info_linear() allows the user to
select which arrays to fetch, and handles details for the user.

Plesae see the comments before enum bpf_prog_info_array for more details
and examples.

Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>
Signed-off-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>
---
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c   | 251 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h   |  63 ++++++++++
 tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map |   3 +
 3 files changed, 317 insertions(+)

diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
index f5eb60379c8d..ca00ce5cbae0 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
@@ -112,6 +112,11 @@ void libbpf_print(enum libbpf_print_level level, const char *format, ...)
 # define LIBBPF_ELF_C_READ_MMAP ELF_C_READ
 #endif
 
+static inline __u64 ptr_to_u64(const void *ptr)
+{
+	return (__u64) (unsigned long) ptr;
+}
+
 struct bpf_capabilities {
 	/* v4.14: kernel support for program & map names. */
 	__u32 name:1;
@@ -2997,3 +3002,249 @@ bpf_perf_event_read_simple(void *mmap_mem, size_t mmap_size, size_t page_size,
 	ring_buffer_write_tail(header, data_tail);
 	return ret;
 }
+
+struct bpf_prog_info_array_desc {
+	int	array_offset;	/* e.g. offset of jited_prog_insns */
+	int	count_offset;	/* e.g. offset of jited_prog_len */
+	int	size_offset;	/* > 0: offset of rec size,
+				 * < 0: fix size of -size_offset
+				 */
+};
+
+static struct bpf_prog_info_array_desc bpf_prog_info_array_desc[] = {
+	[BPF_PROG_INFO_JITED_INSNS] = {
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, jited_prog_insns),
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, jited_prog_len),
+		-1,
+	},
+	[BPF_PROG_INFO_XLATED_INSNS] = {
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, xlated_prog_insns),
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, xlated_prog_len),
+		-1,
+	},
+	[BPF_PROG_INFO_MAP_IDS] = {
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, map_ids),
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, nr_map_ids),
+		-(int)sizeof(__u32),
+	},
+	[BPF_PROG_INFO_JITED_KSYMS] = {
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, jited_ksyms),
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, nr_jited_ksyms),
+		-(int)sizeof(__u64),
+	},
+	[BPF_PROG_INFO_JITED_FUNC_LENS] = {
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, jited_func_lens),
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, nr_jited_func_lens),
+		-(int)sizeof(__u32),
+	},
+	[BPF_PROG_INFO_FUNC_INFO] = {
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, func_info),
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, nr_func_info),
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, func_info_rec_size),
+	},
+	[BPF_PROG_INFO_LINE_INFO] = {
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, line_info),
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, nr_line_info),
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, line_info_rec_size),
+	},
+	[BPF_PROG_INFO_JITED_LINE_INFO] = {
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, jited_line_info),
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, nr_jited_line_info),
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, jited_line_info_rec_size),
+	},
+	[BPF_PROG_INFO_PROG_TAGS] = {
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, prog_tags),
+		offsetof(struct bpf_prog_info, nr_prog_tags),
+		-(int)sizeof(__u8) * BPF_TAG_SIZE,
+	},
+
+};
+
+static __u32 bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(struct bpf_prog_info *info, int offset)
+{
+	__u32 *array = (__u32 *)info;
+
+	if (offset >= 0)
+		return array[offset / sizeof(__u32)];
+	return -(int)offset;
+}
+
+static __u64 bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u64(struct bpf_prog_info *info, int offset)
+{
+	__u64 *array = (__u64 *)info;
+
+	if (offset >= 0)
+		return array[offset / sizeof(__u64)];
+	return -(int)offset;
+}
+
+static void bpf_prog_info_set_offset_u32(struct bpf_prog_info *info, int offset,
+					 __u32 val)
+{
+	__u32 *array = (__u32 *)info;
+
+	if (offset >= 0)
+		array[offset / sizeof(__u32)] = val;
+}
+
+static void bpf_prog_info_set_offset_u64(struct bpf_prog_info *info, int offset,
+					 __u64 val)
+{
+	__u64 *array = (__u64 *)info;
+
+	if (offset >= 0)
+		array[offset / sizeof(__u64)] = val;
+}
+
+struct bpf_prog_info_linear *
+bpf_program__get_prog_info_linear(int fd, __u64 arrays)
+{
+	struct bpf_prog_info_linear *info_linear;
+	struct bpf_prog_info info = {};
+	__u32 info_len = sizeof(info);
+	__u32 data_len = 0;
+	int i, err;
+	void *ptr;
+
+	if (arrays >> BPF_PROG_INFO_LAST_ARRAY)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	/* step 1: get array dimensions */
+	err = bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd(fd, &info, &info_len);
+	if (err) {
+		pr_debug("can't get prog info: %s", strerror(errno));
+		return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
+	}
+
+	/* step 2: calculate total size of all arrays */
+	for (i = BPF_PROG_INFO_FIRST_ARRAY; i < BPF_PROG_INFO_LAST_ARRAY; ++i) {
+		bool include_array = (arrays & (1UL << i)) > 0;
+		struct bpf_prog_info_array_desc *desc;
+		__u32 count, size;
+
+		desc = bpf_prog_info_array_desc + i;
+
+		/* kernel is too old to support this field */
+		if (info_len < desc->array_offset + sizeof(__u32) ||
+		    info_len < desc->count_offset + sizeof(__u32) ||
+		    (desc->size_offset > 0 && info_len < desc->size_offset))
+			include_array = false;
+
+		if (!include_array) {
+			arrays &= ~(1UL << i);	/* clear the bit */
+			continue;
+		}
+
+		count = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(&info, desc->count_offset);
+		size = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(&info, desc->size_offset);
+
+		data_len += count * size;
+	}
+
+	/* step 3: allocate continuous memory */
+	data_len = roundup(data_len, sizeof(__u64));
+	info_linear = malloc(sizeof(struct bpf_prog_info_linear) + data_len);
+	if (!info_linear)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	/* step 4: fill data to info_linear->info */
+	info_linear->arrays = arrays;
+	memset(&info_linear->info, 0, sizeof(info));
+	ptr = info_linear->data;
+
+	for (i = BPF_PROG_INFO_FIRST_ARRAY; i < BPF_PROG_INFO_LAST_ARRAY; ++i) {
+		struct bpf_prog_info_array_desc *desc;
+		__u32 count, size;
+
+		if ((arrays & (1UL << i)) == 0)
+			continue;
+
+		desc = bpf_prog_info_array_desc + i;
+		count = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(&info, desc->count_offset);
+		size = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(&info, desc->size_offset);
+		bpf_prog_info_set_offset_u32(&info_linear->info,
+					     desc->count_offset, count);
+		bpf_prog_info_set_offset_u32(&info_linear->info,
+					     desc->size_offset, size);
+		bpf_prog_info_set_offset_u64(&info_linear->info,
+					     desc->array_offset,
+					     ptr_to_u64(ptr));
+		ptr += count * size;
+	}
+
+	/* step 5: call syscall again to get required arrays */
+	err = bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd(fd, &info_linear->info, &info_len);
+	if (err) {
+		pr_debug("can't get prog info: %s", strerror(errno));
+		free(info_linear);
+		return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT);
+	}
+
+	/* step 6: verify the data */
+	for (i = BPF_PROG_INFO_FIRST_ARRAY; i < BPF_PROG_INFO_LAST_ARRAY; ++i) {
+		struct bpf_prog_info_array_desc *desc;
+		__u32 v1, v2;
+
+		if ((arrays & (1UL << i)) == 0)
+			continue;
+
+		desc = bpf_prog_info_array_desc + i;
+		v1 = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(&info, desc->count_offset);
+		v2 = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(&info_linear->info,
+						   desc->count_offset);
+		if (v1 != v2)
+			pr_warning("%s: mismatch in element count\n", __func__);
+
+		v1 = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(&info, desc->size_offset);
+		v2 = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u32(&info_linear->info,
+						   desc->size_offset);
+		if (v1 != v2)
+			pr_warning("%s: mismatch in rec size\n", __func__);
+	}
+
+	/* step 7: update info_len and data_len */
+	info_linear->info_len = sizeof(struct bpf_prog_info);
+	info_linear->data_len = data_len;
+
+	return info_linear;
+}
+
+void bpf_program__bpil_addr_to_offs(struct bpf_prog_info_linear *info_linear)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = BPF_PROG_INFO_FIRST_ARRAY; i < BPF_PROG_INFO_LAST_ARRAY; ++i) {
+		struct bpf_prog_info_array_desc *desc;
+		__u64 addr, offs;
+
+		if ((info_linear->arrays & (1UL << i)) == 0)
+			continue;
+
+		desc = bpf_prog_info_array_desc + i;
+		addr = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u64(&info_linear->info,
+						     desc->array_offset);
+		offs = addr - ptr_to_u64(info_linear->data);
+		bpf_prog_info_set_offset_u64(&info_linear->info,
+					     desc->array_offset, offs);
+	}
+}
+
+void bpf_program__bpil_offs_to_addr(struct bpf_prog_info_linear *info_linear)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = BPF_PROG_INFO_FIRST_ARRAY; i < BPF_PROG_INFO_LAST_ARRAY; ++i) {
+		struct bpf_prog_info_array_desc *desc;
+		__u64 addr, offs;
+
+		if ((info_linear->arrays & (1UL << i)) == 0)
+			continue;
+
+		desc = bpf_prog_info_array_desc + i;
+		offs = bpf_prog_info_read_offset_u64(&info_linear->info,
+						     desc->array_offset);
+		addr = offs + ptr_to_u64(info_linear->data);
+		bpf_prog_info_set_offset_u64(&info_linear->info,
+					     desc->array_offset, addr);
+	}
+}
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
index b4652aa1a58a..c7645a5e1ac0 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.h
@@ -377,6 +377,69 @@ LIBBPF_API bool bpf_probe_map_type(enum bpf_map_type map_type, __u32 ifindex);
 LIBBPF_API bool bpf_probe_helper(enum bpf_func_id id,
 				 enum bpf_prog_type prog_type, __u32 ifindex);
 
+/*
+ * Get bpf_prog_info in continuous memory
+ *
+ * struct bpf_prog_info has multiple arrays. The user has option to choose
+ * arrays to fetch from kernel. The following APIs provide uniform way to
+ * fetch these data. All arrays in bpf_prog_info are stored in singile
+ * continuous memory region. This makes it easy to store the info in a
+ * file.
+ *
+ * Before writing bpf_prog_info_linear to files, it is necessary to
+ * translate pointers bpf_prog_info to offsets. Helper functions
+ * bpf_program__bpil_addr_to_offs() and bpf_program__bpil_offs_to_addr()
+ * are introduced to switch between pointers and offsets.
+ *
+ * Examples:
+ *   # To fetch map_ids and prog_tags:
+ *   __u64 arrays = (1UL << BPF_PROG_INFO_MAP_IDS) |
+ *           (1UL << BPF_PROG_INFO_PROG_TAGS);
+ *   struct bpf_prog_info_linear *info_linear =
+ *           bpf_program__get_prog_info_linear(fd, arrays);
+ *
+ *   # To save data in file
+ *   bpf_program__bpil_addr_to_offs(info_linear);
+ *   write(f, info_linear, sizeof(*info_linear) + info_linear->data_len);
+ *
+ *   # To read data from file
+ *   read(f, info_linear, <proper_size>);
+ *   bpf_program__bpil_offs_to_addr(info_linear);
+ */
+enum bpf_prog_info_array {
+	BPF_PROG_INFO_FIRST_ARRAY = 0,
+	BPF_PROG_INFO_JITED_INSNS = 0,
+	BPF_PROG_INFO_XLATED_INSNS,
+	BPF_PROG_INFO_MAP_IDS,
+	BPF_PROG_INFO_JITED_KSYMS,
+	BPF_PROG_INFO_JITED_FUNC_LENS,
+	BPF_PROG_INFO_FUNC_INFO,
+	BPF_PROG_INFO_LINE_INFO,
+	BPF_PROG_INFO_JITED_LINE_INFO,
+	BPF_PROG_INFO_PROG_TAGS,
+	BPF_PROG_INFO_LAST_ARRAY,
+};
+
+struct bpf_prog_info_linear {
+	/* size of struct bpf_prog_info, when the tool is compiled */
+	__u32			info_len;
+	/* total bytes allocated for data, round up to 8 bytes */
+	__u32			data_len;
+	/* which arrays are included in data */
+	__u64			arrays;
+	struct bpf_prog_info	info;
+	__u8			data[];
+};
+
+LIBBPF_API struct bpf_prog_info_linear *
+bpf_program__get_prog_info_linear(int fd, __u64 arrays);
+
+LIBBPF_API void
+bpf_program__bpil_addr_to_offs(struct bpf_prog_info_linear *info_linear);
+
+LIBBPF_API void
+bpf_program__bpil_offs_to_addr(struct bpf_prog_info_linear *info_linear);
+
 #ifdef __cplusplus
 } /* extern "C" */
 #endif
diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
index 778a26702a70..f3ce50500cf2 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.map
@@ -153,4 +153,7 @@ LIBBPF_0.0.2 {
 		xsk_socket__delete;
 		xsk_umem__fd;
 		xsk_socket__fd;
+		bpf_program__get_prog_info_linear;
+		bpf_program__bpil_addr_to_offs;
+		bpf_program__bpil_offs_to_addr;
 } LIBBPF_0.0.1;
-- 
2.17.1

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