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Date:   Wed, 6 Mar 2019 17:21:26 +0000
From:   Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@....com>
To:     Patrick Bellasi <patrick.bellasi@....com>
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-pm@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-api@...r.kernel.org, Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Tejun Heo <tj@...nel.org>,
        "Rafael J . Wysocki" <rafael.j.wysocki@...el.com>,
        Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@...aro.org>,
        Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@...aro.org>,
        Paul Turner <pjt@...gle.com>,
        Dietmar Eggemann <dietmar.eggemann@....com>,
        Morten Rasmussen <morten.rasmussen@....com>,
        Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@...hat.com>,
        Todd Kjos <tkjos@...gle.com>,
        Joel Fernandes <joelaf@...gle.com>,
        Steve Muckle <smuckle@...gle.com>,
        Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@...gle.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v7 10/15] sched/fair: uclamp: Add uclamp support to
 energy_compute()

Hi Patrick,

On Friday 08 Feb 2019 at 10:05:49 (+0000), Patrick Bellasi wrote:
> The Energy Aware Scheduler (AES) estimates the energy impact of waking

s/AES/EAS

> up a task on a given CPU. This estimation is based on:
>  a) an (active) power consumptions defined for each CPU frequency

s/consumptions/consumption

>  b) an estimation of which frequency will be used on each CPU
>  c) an estimation of the busy time (utilization) of each CPU
> 
> Utilization clamping can affect both b) and c) estimations. A CPU is
> expected to run:
>  - on an higher than required frequency, but for a shorter time, in case
>    its estimated utilization will be smaller then the minimum utilization

s/then/than

>    enforced by uclamp
>  - on a smaller than required frequency, but for a longer time, in case
>    its estimated utilization is bigger then the maximum utilization

s/then/than

>    enforced by uclamp
> 
> While effects on busy time for both boosted/capped tasks are already
> considered by compute_energy(), clamping effects on frequency selection
> are currently ignored by that function.
> 
> Fix it by considering how CPU clamp values will be affected by a
> task waking up and being RUNNABLE on that CPU.
> 
> Do that by refactoring schedutil_freq_util() to take an additional
> task_struct* which allows EAS to evaluate the impact on clamp values of
> a task being eventually queued in a CPU. Clamp values are applied to the
> RT+CFS utilization only when a FREQUENCY_UTIL is required by
> compute_energy().
> 
> Do note that switching from ENERGY_UTIL to FREQUENCY_UTIL in the
> computation of cpu_util signal implies that we are more likely to
> estimate the higherst OPP when a RT task is running in another CPU of

s/higherst/highest

> the same performance domain. This can have an impact on energy
> estimation but:
>  - it's not easy to say which approach is better, since it quite likely
>    depends on the use case
>  - the original approach could still be obtained by setting a smaller
>    task-specific util_min whenever required
> 
> Since we are at that:
>  - rename schedutil_freq_util() into schedutil_cpu_util(),
>    since it's not only used for frequency selection.
>  - use "unsigned int" instead of "unsigned long" whenever the tracked
>    utilization value is not expected to overflow 32bit.

We use unsigned long all over the place right ? All the task_util*()
functions return unsigned long, the capacity-related functions too, and
util_avg is an unsigned long in sched_avg. So I'm not sure if we want to
do this TBH.

> Signed-off-by: Patrick Bellasi <patrick.bellasi@....com>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
> Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@...el.com>
> 
> ---
> Changes in v7:
>  Message-ID: <20190122151404.5rtosic6puixado3@...per01-lin>
>  - add a note on side-effects due to the usage of FREQUENCY_UTIL for
>    performance domain frequency estimation
>  - add a similer note to this changelog
> ---
>  kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c | 18 ++++++++-------
>  kernel/sched/fair.c              | 39 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
>  kernel/sched/sched.h             | 18 ++++-----------
>  3 files changed, 48 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
> index 70a8b87fa29c..fdad719fca8b 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
> @@ -195,10 +195,11 @@ static unsigned int get_next_freq(struct sugov_policy *sg_policy,
>   * based on the task model parameters and gives the minimal utilization
>   * required to meet deadlines.
>   */
> -unsigned long schedutil_freq_util(int cpu, unsigned long util_cfs,
> -				  unsigned long max, enum schedutil_type type)
> +unsigned int schedutil_cpu_util(int cpu, unsigned int util_cfs,
> +				unsigned int max, enum schedutil_type type,
> +				struct task_struct *p)
>  {
> -	unsigned long dl_util, util, irq;
> +	unsigned int dl_util, util, irq;
>  	struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
>  
>  	if (!IS_BUILTIN(CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK) &&
> @@ -229,7 +230,7 @@ unsigned long schedutil_freq_util(int cpu, unsigned long util_cfs,
>  	 */
>  	util = util_cfs + cpu_util_rt(rq);
>  	if (type == FREQUENCY_UTIL)
> -		util = uclamp_util(rq, util);
> +		util = uclamp_util_with(rq, util, p);
>  
>  	dl_util = cpu_util_dl(rq);
>  
> @@ -283,13 +284,14 @@ unsigned long schedutil_freq_util(int cpu, unsigned long util_cfs,
>  static unsigned long sugov_get_util(struct sugov_cpu *sg_cpu)
>  {
>  	struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(sg_cpu->cpu);
> -	unsigned long util = cpu_util_cfs(rq);
> -	unsigned long max = arch_scale_cpu_capacity(NULL, sg_cpu->cpu);
> +	unsigned int util_cfs = cpu_util_cfs(rq);
> +	unsigned int cpu_cap = arch_scale_cpu_capacity(NULL, sg_cpu->cpu);

Do you really need this one ? What's wrong with 'max' :-) ?

> -	sg_cpu->max = max;
> +	sg_cpu->max = cpu_cap;
>  	sg_cpu->bw_dl = cpu_bw_dl(rq);
>  
> -	return schedutil_freq_util(sg_cpu->cpu, util, max, FREQUENCY_UTIL);
> +	return schedutil_cpu_util(sg_cpu->cpu, util_cfs, cpu_cap,
> +				  FREQUENCY_UTIL, NULL);
>  }
>  
>  /**
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> index 8c0aa76af90a..f6b0808e01ad 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> @@ -6453,11 +6453,20 @@ static unsigned long cpu_util_next(int cpu, struct task_struct *p, int dst_cpu)
>  static long
>  compute_energy(struct task_struct *p, int dst_cpu, struct perf_domain *pd)
>  {
> -	long util, max_util, sum_util, energy = 0;
> +	unsigned int max_util, cfs_util, cpu_util, cpu_cap;
> +	unsigned long sum_util, energy = 0;
>  	int cpu;
>  
>  	for (; pd; pd = pd->next) {
> +		struct cpumask *pd_mask = perf_domain_span(pd);
> +
> +		/*
> +		 * The energy model mandate all the CPUs of a performance

s/mandate/mandates

> +		 * domain have the same capacity.
> +		 */
> +		cpu_cap = arch_scale_cpu_capacity(NULL, cpumask_first(pd_mask));
>  		max_util = sum_util = 0;
> +
>  		/*
>  		 * The capacity state of CPUs of the current rd can be driven by
>  		 * CPUs of another rd if they belong to the same performance
> @@ -6468,11 +6477,29 @@ compute_energy(struct task_struct *p, int dst_cpu, struct perf_domain *pd)
>  		 * it will not appear in its pd list and will not be accounted
>  		 * by compute_energy().
>  		 */
> -		for_each_cpu_and(cpu, perf_domain_span(pd), cpu_online_mask) {
> -			util = cpu_util_next(cpu, p, dst_cpu);
> -			util = schedutil_energy_util(cpu, util);
> -			max_util = max(util, max_util);
> -			sum_util += util;
> +		for_each_cpu_and(cpu, pd_mask, cpu_online_mask) {
> +			cfs_util = cpu_util_next(cpu, p, dst_cpu);
> +
> +			/*
> +			 * Busy time computation: utilization clamping is not
> +			 * required since the ratio (sum_util / cpu_capacity)
> +			 * is already enough to scale the EM reported power
> +			 * consumption at the (eventually clamped) cpu_capacity.
> +			 */
> +			sum_util += schedutil_cpu_util(cpu, cfs_util, cpu_cap,
> +						       ENERGY_UTIL, NULL);
> +
> +			/*
> +			 * Performance domain frequency: utilization clamping
> +			 * must be considered since it affects the selection
> +			 * of the performance domain frequency.
> +			 * NOTE: in case RT tasks are running, by default the
> +			 * FREQUENCY_UTIL's utilization can be max OPP.
> +			 */
> +			cpu_util = schedutil_cpu_util(cpu, cfs_util, cpu_cap,
> +						      FREQUENCY_UTIL,
> +						      cpu == dst_cpu ? p : NULL);
> +			max_util = max(max_util, cpu_util);
>  		}
>  
>  		energy += em_pd_energy(pd->em_pd, max_util, sum_util);
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> index de181b8a3a2a..b9acef080d99 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
> +++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> @@ -2335,6 +2335,7 @@ static inline unsigned long capacity_orig_of(int cpu)
>  #endif
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_FREQ_GOV_SCHEDUTIL
> +
>  /**
>   * enum schedutil_type - CPU utilization type

Since you're using this enum unconditionally in fair.c, you should to
move it out of the #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_FREQ_GOV_SCHEDUTIL block, I think.

>   * @FREQUENCY_UTIL:	Utilization used to select frequency
> @@ -2350,15 +2351,9 @@ enum schedutil_type {
>  	ENERGY_UTIL,
>  };
>  
> -unsigned long schedutil_freq_util(int cpu, unsigned long util_cfs,
> -				  unsigned long max, enum schedutil_type type);
> -
> -static inline unsigned long schedutil_energy_util(int cpu, unsigned long cfs)
> -{
> -	unsigned long max = arch_scale_cpu_capacity(NULL, cpu);
> -
> -	return schedutil_freq_util(cpu, cfs, max, ENERGY_UTIL);
> -}
> +unsigned int schedutil_cpu_util(int cpu, unsigned int util_cfs,
> +				unsigned int max, enum schedutil_type type,
> +				struct task_struct *p);
>  
>  static inline unsigned long cpu_bw_dl(struct rq *rq)
>  {
> @@ -2387,10 +2382,7 @@ static inline unsigned long cpu_util_rt(struct rq *rq)
>  	return READ_ONCE(rq->avg_rt.util_avg);
>  }
>  #else /* CONFIG_CPU_FREQ_GOV_SCHEDUTIL */
> -static inline unsigned long schedutil_energy_util(int cpu, unsigned long cfs)
> -{
> -	return cfs;
> -}
> +#define schedutil_cpu_util(cpu, util_cfs, max, type, p) 0
>  #endif
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_SCHED_AVG_IRQ
> -- 
> 2.20.1
> 

Thanks,
Quentin

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