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Date:   Fri, 15 Mar 2019 13:06:38 -0700
From:   "Chang S. Bae" <chang.seok.bae@...el.com>
To:     Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>,
        "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>, Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>
Cc:     Ravi Shankar <ravi.v.shankar@...el.com>,
        "Chang S . Bae" <chang.seok.bae@...el.com>,
        LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: [RESEND PATCH v6 05/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Preserve FS/GS state in __switch_to() if FSGSBASE is on

From: Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>

With the new FSGSBASE instructions, we can efficiently read and write
the FSBASE and GSBASE in __switch_to().  Use that capability to preserve
the full state.

This will enable user code to do whatever it wants with the new
instructions without any kernel-induced gotchas.  (There can still be
architectural gotchas: movl %gs,%eax; movl %eax,%gs may change GSBASE
if WRGSBASE was used, but users are expected to read the CPU manual
before doing things like that.)

This is a considerable speedup.  It seems to save about 100 cycles
per context switch compared to the baseline 4.6-rc1 behavior on my
Skylake laptop.

[ chang: 5~10% performance improvements were seen by a context switch
  benchmark that ran threads with different FS/GSBASE values (to the
  baseline 4.16). Minor edit on the changelog. ]

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>
Signed-off-by: Chang S. Bae <chang.seok.bae@...el.com>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@...or.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>
---
 arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c | 34 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 1 file changed, 28 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
index 87b5ffce2a47..d3abe4748d8b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
@@ -245,8 +245,18 @@ static __always_inline void save_fsgs(struct task_struct *task)
 {
 	savesegment(fs, task->thread.fsindex);
 	savesegment(gs, task->thread.gsindex);
-	save_base_legacy(task, task->thread.fsindex, FS);
-	save_base_legacy(task, task->thread.gsindex, GS);
+	if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FSGSBASE)) {
+		/*
+		 * If FSGSBASE is enabled, we can't make any useful guesses
+		 * about the base, and user code expects us to save the current
+		 * value.  Fortunately, reading the base directly is efficient.
+		 */
+		task->thread.fsbase = rdfsbase();
+		task->thread.gsbase = __rdgsbase_inactive();
+	} else {
+		save_base_legacy(task, task->thread.fsindex, FS);
+		save_base_legacy(task, task->thread.gsindex, GS);
+	}
 }
 
 #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KVM)
@@ -325,10 +335,22 @@ static __always_inline void load_seg_legacy(unsigned short prev_index,
 static __always_inline void x86_fsgsbase_load(struct thread_struct *prev,
 					      struct thread_struct *next)
 {
-	load_seg_legacy(prev->fsindex, prev->fsbase,
-			next->fsindex, next->fsbase, FS);
-	load_seg_legacy(prev->gsindex, prev->gsbase,
-			next->gsindex, next->gsbase, GS);
+	if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FSGSBASE)) {
+		/* Update the FS and GS selectors if they could have changed. */
+		if (unlikely(prev->fsindex || next->fsindex))
+			loadseg(FS, next->fsindex);
+		if (unlikely(prev->gsindex || next->gsindex))
+			loadseg(GS, next->gsindex);
+
+		/* Update the bases. */
+		wrfsbase(next->fsbase);
+		__wrgsbase_inactive(next->gsbase);
+	} else {
+		load_seg_legacy(prev->fsindex, prev->fsbase,
+				next->fsindex, next->fsbase, FS);
+		load_seg_legacy(prev->gsindex, prev->gsbase,
+				next->gsindex, next->gsbase, GS);
+	}
 }
 
 static unsigned long x86_fsgsbase_read_task(struct task_struct *task,
-- 
2.19.1

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