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Date:   Fri, 22 Mar 2019 23:02:51 -0400
From:   Joel Fernandes <joel@...lfernandes.org>
To:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     byungchul.park@....com, kernel-team@...roid.com,
        rcu@...r.kernel.org, Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
        Josh Triplett <josh@...htriplett.org>,
        Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@...il.com>,
        Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@...icios.com>,
        "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.ibm.com>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>,
        Will Deacon <will.deacon@....com>
Subject: Re: [RFC 2/2] rcutree: Add checks for dynticks counters in
 rcu_is_cpu_rrupt_from_idle

On Fri, Mar 22, 2019 at 09:29:39PM -0400, Joel Fernandes (Google) wrote:
> In the future we would like to combine the dynticks and dynticks_nesting
> counters thus leading to simplifying the code. At the moment we cannot
> do that due to concerns about usermode upcalls appearing to RCU as half
> of an interrupt. Byungchul tried to do it in [1] but the
> "half-interrupt" concern was raised. It is half because, what RCU
> expects is rcu_irq_enter() and rcu_irq_exit() pairs when the usermode
> exception happens. However, only rcu_irq_enter() is observed. This
> concern may not be valid anymore, but at least it used to be the case.
> 
> Out of abundance of caution, Paul added warnings [2] in the RCU code
> which if not fired by 2021 may allow us to assume that such
> half-interrupt scenario cannot happen any more, which can lead to
> simplification of this code.
> 
> Summary of the changes are the following:
> 
> (1) In preparation for this combination of counters in the future, we
> first need to first be sure that rcu_rrupt_from_idle cannot be called
> from anywhere but a hard-interrupt because previously, the comments
> suggested otherwise so let us be sure. We discussed this here [3]. We
> use the services of lockdep to accomplish this.
> 
> (2) Further rcu_rrupt_from_idle() is not explicit about how it is using
> the counters which can lead to weird future bugs. This patch therefore
> makes it more explicit about the specific counter values being tested
> 
> (3) Lastly, we check for counter underflows just to be sure these are
> not happening, because the previous code in rcu_rrupt_from_idle() was
> allowing the case where the counters can underflow, and the function
> would still return true. Now we are checking for specific values so let
> us be confident by additional checking, that such underflows don't
> happen. Any case, if they do, we should fix them and the screaming
> warning is appropriate. All these checks checks are NOOPs if PROVE_RCU
> and PROVE_LOCKING are disabled.
> 
> [1] https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/952349/
> [2] Commit e11ec65cc8d6 ("rcu: Add warning to detect half-interrupts")
> [3] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190312150514.GB249405@google.com/
> 
> Cc: byungchul.park@....com
> Cc: kernel-team@...roid.com
> Cc: rcu@...r.kernel.org
> Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@...lfernandes.org>
> ---
>  kernel/rcu/tree.c | 21 +++++++++++++++++----
>  1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> index 9180158756d2..d94c8ed29f6b 100644
> --- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> +++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> @@ -381,16 +381,29 @@ static void __maybe_unused rcu_momentary_dyntick_idle(void)
>  }
>  
>  /**
> - * rcu_is_cpu_rrupt_from_idle - see if idle or immediately interrupted from idle
> + * rcu_is_cpu_rrupt_from_idle - see if interrupted from idle
>   *
> - * If the current CPU is idle or running at a first-level (not nested)
> + * If the current CPU is idle and running at a first-level (not nested)
>   * interrupt from idle, return true.  The caller must have at least
>   * disabled preemption.
>   */
>  static int rcu_is_cpu_rrupt_from_idle(void)
>  {
> -	return __this_cpu_read(rcu_data.dynticks_nesting) <= 0 &&
> -	       __this_cpu_read(rcu_data.dynticks_nmi_nesting) <= 1;
> +	/* Called only from within the scheduling-clock interrupt */
> +	lockdep_assert_in_irq();
> +
> +	/* Check for counter underflows */
> +	RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(
> +		(__this_cpu_read(rcu_data.dynticks_nesting) < 0) &&
> +		(__this_cpu_read(rcu_data.dynticks_nmi_nesting) < 0),

 
This condition for the warning is supposed to be || instead of &&. Sorry.

Or, I will just use 2 RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(s) here, that's better.

thanks,

 - Joel

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