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Date:   Sun, 31 Mar 2019 12:09:46 +0200
From:   "H. Nikolaus Schaller" <hns@...delico.com>
To:     Jonathan Cameron <jic23@...nel.org>,
        Dmitry Torokhov <dmitry.torokhov@...il.com>
Cc:     Eric Piel <eric.piel@...mplin-utc.net>,
        linux-input@...r.kernel.org, letux-kernel@...nphoenux.org,
        kernel@...a-handheld.com, Hartmut Knaack <knaack.h@....de>,
        Lars-Peter Clausen <lars@...afoo.de>,
        Peter Meerwald-Stadler <pmeerw@...erw.net>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-iio@...r.kernel.org,
        "H. Nikolaus Schaller" <hns@...delico.com>
Subject: [RFC v2] iio: input-bridge: optionally bridge iio acceleometers to create a /dev/input interface

Some user spaces (e.g. some Android devices) use /dev/input/event* for handling
the 3D position of the device with respect to the center of gravity (earth).
This can be used for gaming input, auto-rotation of screens etc.

This interface should be the standard for such use cases because it is an abstraction
of how orientation data is acquired from sensor chips. Sensor chips may be connected
through different interfaces and in different positions. They may also have different
parameters. And, if a chip is replaced by a different one, the values reported by
the device position interface should remain the same, provided the device tree reflects
the changed chip.

This did initially lead to input accelerometer drivers like drivers/input/misc/bma150.c
or drivers/misc/lis3lv02d/

But nowadays, new accelerometer chips mostly get iio drivers and rarely input drivers.

Therefore we need something like a protocol stack which bridges raw data and input devices.
It can be seen as a similar layering like TCP/IP vs. bare Ethernet. Or keyboard
input events vs. raw gpio or raw USB access.

This patch bridges the gap between raw iio data and the input device abstraction
so that accelerometer measurements can additionally be presented as X/Y/Z accelerometer
channels (INPUT_PROP_ACCELEROMETER) through /dev/input/event*.

There are no special requirements or changes needed for an iio driver.

There is no need to define a mapping (e.g. in device tree).

This driver simply collects the first 3 accelerometer channels as X, Y and Z.
If only 1 or 2 channels are available, they are used for X and Y only. Additional
channels are ignored.

Scaling is done automatically so that 1g is represented by value 256 and
range is assumed to be -511 .. +511 which gives a reasonable precision as an
input device.

If a mount-matrix is provided by the iio driver, it is also taken into account
so that the input event automatically gets the correct orientation with respect
to the device.

If this extension is not configured into the kernel it takes no resources (except
source code).

If it is configured, but there is no accelerometer, there is only a tiny penalty
for scanning for accelerometer channels once during probe of each iio device.

If it runs, the driver polls the device(s) once every 100 ms. A mode where the
iio device defines the update rate is not implemented and for further study.

If there is no user-space client, polling is not running.

The driver is capable to handle multiple iio accelerometers and they are
presented by unique /dev/input/event* files. The iio chip name is used to define
the input device name so that it can be identified (e.g. by udev rules or evtest).

Here is some example what you can expect from the driver (device:
arch/arm/boot/dts/omap3-gta04a5.dts):

root@...ux:~# dmesg|fgrep iio
[    6.324584] input: iio-bridge: bmc150_accel as /devices/platform/68000000.ocp/48072000.i2c/i2c-1/1-0010/iio:device1/input/input5
[    6.516632] input: iio-bridge: bno055 as /devices/platform/68000000.ocp/48072000.i2c/i2c-1/1-0029/iio:device3/input/input7
root@...ux:~# evtest /dev/input/event5 | head -19
Input driver version is 1.0.1
Input device ID: bus 0x0 vendor 0x0 product 0x0 version 0x0
Input device name: "iio-bridge: bmc150_accel"
Supported events:
  Event type 0 (EV_SYN)
  Event type 3 (EV_ABS)
    Event code 0 (ABS_X)
      Value      8
      Min     -511
      Max      511
    Event code 1 (ABS_Y)
      Value    -44
      Min     -511
      Max      511
    Event code 2 (ABS_Z)
      Value   -265
      Min     -511
      Max      511
Properties:
root@...ux:~# evtest /dev/input/event7 | head -19
Input driver version is 1.0.1
Input device ID: bus 0x0 vendor 0x0 product 0x0 version 0x0
Input device name: "iio-bridge: bno055"
Supported events:
  Event type 0 (EV_SYN)
  Event type 3 (EV_ABS)
    Event code 0 (ABS_X)
      Value     -6
      Min     -511
      Max      511
    Event code 1 (ABS_Y)
      Value     17
      Min     -511
      Max      511
    Event code 2 (ABS_Z)
      Value   -250
      Min     -511
      Max      511
Properties:
root@...ux:~# 

Although the sensor chips are mounted with different axis orientation,
the application of the mount matrix provides equivalent (despite noise
and precision) information on device orientation.

Signed-off-by: H. Nikolaus Schaller <hns@...delico.com>
---
 drivers/iio/Kconfig                    |   7 +
 drivers/iio/Makefile                   |   1 +
 drivers/iio/industrialio-core.c        |  12 +
 drivers/iio/industrialio-inputbridge.c | 295 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/iio/industrialio-inputbridge.h |  28 +++
 5 files changed, 343 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/iio/industrialio-inputbridge.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/iio/industrialio-inputbridge.h

diff --git a/drivers/iio/Kconfig b/drivers/iio/Kconfig
index d08aeb41cd07..d85afe002613 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/iio/Kconfig
@@ -68,6 +68,13 @@ config IIO_TRIGGERED_EVENT
 	help
 	  Provides helper functions for setting up triggered events.
 
+config IIO_INPUT_BRIDGE
+	bool "Enable accelerometer bridge to input driver"
+	help
+	  Provides a /dev/input/event* device for accelerometers
+	  to use as a 3D input device, e.g. for gaming or auto-rotation
+	  of screen contents.
+
 source "drivers/iio/accel/Kconfig"
 source "drivers/iio/adc/Kconfig"
 source "drivers/iio/afe/Kconfig"
diff --git a/drivers/iio/Makefile b/drivers/iio/Makefile
index cb5993251381..d695e5a27da5 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/iio/Makefile
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_IIO) += industrialio.o
 industrialio-y := industrialio-core.o industrialio-event.o inkern.o
 industrialio-$(CONFIG_IIO_BUFFER) += industrialio-buffer.o
 industrialio-$(CONFIG_IIO_TRIGGER) += industrialio-trigger.o
+industrialio-$(CONFIG_IIO_INPUT_BRIDGE) += industrialio-inputbridge.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_IIO_CONFIGFS) += industrialio-configfs.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_IIO_SW_DEVICE) += industrialio-sw-device.o
diff --git a/drivers/iio/industrialio-core.c b/drivers/iio/industrialio-core.c
index 4700fd5d8c90..81f412b41a78 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/industrialio-core.c
+++ b/drivers/iio/industrialio-core.c
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
 #include <linux/iio/iio.h>
 #include "iio_core.h"
 #include "iio_core_trigger.h"
+#include "industrialio-inputbridge.h"
 #include <linux/iio/sysfs.h>
 #include <linux/iio/events.h>
 #include <linux/iio/buffer.h>
@@ -1723,6 +1724,15 @@ int __iio_device_register(struct iio_dev *indio_dev, struct module *this_mod)
 	if (ret < 0)
 		goto error_unreg_eventset;
 
+	ret = iio_device_register_inputbridge(indio_dev);
+	if (ret) {
+		dev_err(indio_dev->dev.parent,
+			"Failed to register as input driver\n");
+		device_del(&indio_dev->dev);
+
+		return ret;
+	}
+
 	return 0;
 
 error_unreg_eventset:
@@ -1745,6 +1755,8 @@ void iio_device_unregister(struct iio_dev *indio_dev)
 {
 	mutex_lock(&indio_dev->info_exist_lock);
 
+	iio_device_unregister_inputbridge(indio_dev);
+
 	cdev_device_del(&indio_dev->chrdev, &indio_dev->dev);
 
 	iio_device_unregister_debugfs(indio_dev);
diff --git a/drivers/iio/industrialio-inputbridge.c b/drivers/iio/industrialio-inputbridge.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..dd672e25bc70
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/iio/industrialio-inputbridge.c
@@ -0,0 +1,295 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * The Industrial I/O core, bridge to input devices
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016-2019 Golden Delicious Computers GmbH&Co. KG
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/iio/consumer.h>
+#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
+#include <linux/iio/types.h>
+#include <linux/input.h>
+#include <linux/input-polldev.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+
+#include "industrialio-inputbridge.h"
+
+/* currently, only polling is implemented */
+#define POLLING_MSEC	100
+
+struct iio_input_map {
+	struct input_polled_dev *poll_dev;	/* the input device */
+	struct iio_channel channels[3];		/* x, y, z channels */
+	struct matrix {
+		int mxx, myx, mzx;	/* fixed point mount-matrix */
+		int mxy, myy, mzy;
+		int mxz, myz, mzz;
+	} matrix;
+};
+
+static inline struct iio_input_map *to_iio_input_map(
+		struct iio_channel *channel)
+{
+	return (struct iio_input_map *) channel->data;
+}
+
+/* minimum and maximum range we want to report */
+#define ABSMAX_ACC_VAL		(512 - 1)
+#define ABSMIN_ACC_VAL		-(ABSMAX_ACC_VAL)
+
+/* scale processed iio values so that 1g maps to ABSMAX_ACC_VAL / 2 */
+#define SCALE			((100 * ABSMAX_ACC_VAL) / (2 * 981))
+
+/*
+ * convert float string to scaled fixed point format, e.g.
+ *   1		-> 1000		(value passed as unit)
+ *   1.23	-> 1230
+ *   0.1234	->  123
+ *   -.01234	->  -12
+ */
+
+static int32_t atofix(const char *str, uint32_t unit)
+{
+	int32_t mantissa = 0;
+	bool sign = false;
+	bool decimal = false;
+	int32_t divisor = 1;
+
+	if (*str == '-')
+		sign = true, str++;
+	while (*str && divisor < unit) {
+		if (*str >= '0' && *str <= '9') {
+			mantissa = 10 * mantissa + (*str - '0');
+			if (decimal)
+				divisor *= 10;
+		} else if (*str == '.')
+			decimal = true;
+		else
+			return 0;	/* error */
+		str++;
+	}
+
+	mantissa = (mantissa * unit) / divisor;
+	if (sign)
+		mantissa = -mantissa;
+
+	return mantissa;
+}
+
+static void iio_apply_matrix(struct matrix *m, int *in, int *out, uint32_t unit)
+{
+	/* apply mount matrix */
+	out[0] = (m->mxx * in[0] + m->myx * in[1] + m->mzx * in[2]) / unit;
+	out[1] = (m->mxy * in[0] + m->myy * in[1] + m->mzy * in[2]) / unit;
+	out[2] = (m->mxz * in[0] + m->myz * in[1] + m->mzz * in[2]) / unit;
+}
+
+#define FIXED_POINT_UNIT	1000	/* seems reasonable for accelerometer input */
+
+static void iio_accel_poll(struct input_polled_dev *dev)
+{
+	struct iio_input_map *map = dev->private;
+	struct input_dev *input = dev->input;
+
+	int values[3];		/* values while processing */
+	int aligned_values[3];	/* mount matrix applied */
+
+	int cindex = 0;
+
+printk("%s: map=%px input=%px\n", __func__, map, input);
+
+	while (cindex < ARRAY_SIZE(values)) {
+		struct iio_channel *channel =
+			&map->channels[cindex];
+		int val;
+		int ret;
+
+		if (!channel->indio_dev) {
+			values[cindex] = 0;
+			continue;
+		}
+
+		ret = iio_read_channel_raw(channel, &val);
+
+		if (ret < 0) {
+			pr_err("%s(): channel read error %d\n",
+				__func__, cindex);
+			return;
+		}
+
+		ret = iio_convert_raw_to_processed(channel, val,
+				 &values[cindex], SCALE);
+
+		if (ret < 0) {
+			pr_err("%s(): channel processing error\n",
+				__func__);
+			return;
+		}
+
+		cindex++;
+	}
+
+	iio_apply_matrix(&map->matrix, values, aligned_values, FIXED_POINT_UNIT);
+
+	input_report_abs(input, ABS_X, aligned_values[0]);
+	input_report_abs(input, ABS_Y, aligned_values[1]);
+	input_report_abs(input, ABS_Z, aligned_values[2]);
+	input_sync(input);
+}
+
+static int dindex=0;	/* assign unique names to accel/input devices */
+
+static int iio_input_register_accel_channel(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
+		 const struct iio_chan_spec *chan)
+{ /* we found some accelerometer channel */
+	int ret;
+	int cindex;
+	struct iio_input_map *map = iio_device_get_drvdata(indio_dev);
+
+printk("%s: map=%px\n", __func__, map);
+
+	if (!map) {
+		struct input_polled_dev *poll_dev;
+		const struct iio_chan_spec_ext_info *ext_info;
+
+		map = devm_kzalloc(&indio_dev->dev, sizeof(struct iio_input_map), GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!map)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+
+		iio_device_set_drvdata(indio_dev, map);
+
+		poll_dev = devm_input_allocate_polled_device(&indio_dev->dev);
+		if (!poll_dev)
+			return -ENOMEM;
+
+		poll_dev->private = map;
+		poll_dev->poll = iio_accel_poll;
+		poll_dev->poll_interval = POLLING_MSEC;
+
+		poll_dev->input->name = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "iio-bridge: %s",
+						    indio_dev->name);
+		poll_dev->input->phys = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "accel/input%d",
+						    dindex++);
+
+// do we need something like this?
+//		poll_dev->input->id.bustype = BUS_IIO;
+//		poll_dev->input->id.vendor = 0x0001;
+//		poll_dev->input->id.product = 0x0001;
+//		poll_dev->input->id.version = 0x0001;
+
+		set_bit(INPUT_PROP_ACCELEROMETER, poll_dev->input->propbit);
+		poll_dev->input->evbit[0] = BIT_MASK(EV_ABS);
+		input_alloc_absinfo(poll_dev->input);
+		input_set_abs_params(poll_dev->input, ABS_X, ABSMIN_ACC_VAL,
+					ABSMAX_ACC_VAL, 0, 0);
+		input_set_abs_params(poll_dev->input, ABS_Y, ABSMIN_ACC_VAL,
+					ABSMAX_ACC_VAL, 0, 0);
+		input_set_abs_params(poll_dev->input, ABS_Z, ABSMIN_ACC_VAL,
+					ABSMAX_ACC_VAL, 0, 0);
+
+		map->poll_dev = poll_dev;
+
+		ret = input_register_polled_device(poll_dev);
+
+		if (ret < 0) {
+			kfree(poll_dev->input->name);
+			kfree(poll_dev->input->phys);
+			return ret;
+		}
+
+		/* assume all channels of a device share the same matrix */
+
+		ext_info = chan->ext_info;
+		for (; ext_info && ext_info->name; ext_info++) {
+			if (strcmp(ext_info->name, "mount_matrix") == 0)
+				break;
+		}
+
+		if (ext_info && ext_info->name) {
+			/* matrix found */
+			uintptr_t priv = ext_info->private;
+			const struct iio_mount_matrix *mtx;
+
+			mtx = ((iio_get_mount_matrix_t *) priv)(indio_dev,
+								chan);
+
+			map->matrix.mxx = atofix(mtx->rotation[0], FIXED_POINT_UNIT);
+			map->matrix.myx = atofix(mtx->rotation[1], FIXED_POINT_UNIT);
+			map->matrix.mzx = atofix(mtx->rotation[2], FIXED_POINT_UNIT);
+			map->matrix.mxy = atofix(mtx->rotation[3], FIXED_POINT_UNIT);
+			map->matrix.myy = atofix(mtx->rotation[4], FIXED_POINT_UNIT);
+			map->matrix.mzy = atofix(mtx->rotation[5], FIXED_POINT_UNIT);
+			map->matrix.mxz = atofix(mtx->rotation[6], FIXED_POINT_UNIT);
+			map->matrix.myz = atofix(mtx->rotation[7], FIXED_POINT_UNIT);
+			map->matrix.mzz = atofix(mtx->rotation[8], FIXED_POINT_UNIT);
+		} else {
+			map->matrix.mxx = FIXED_POINT_UNIT;
+			map->matrix.myx = 0;
+			map->matrix.mzx = 0;
+			map->matrix.mxy = 0;
+			map->matrix.myy = FIXED_POINT_UNIT;
+			map->matrix.mzy = 0;
+			map->matrix.mxz = 0;
+			map->matrix.myz = 0;
+			map->matrix.mzz = FIXED_POINT_UNIT;
+		}
+	}
+
+// brauchen wir das noch? Oder nehmen wir einfach an dass es 3 Kanäle gibt?
+
+	/* find free channel within this device */
+
+	for (cindex = 0; cindex < ARRAY_SIZE(map->channels); cindex++) {
+		if (!map->channels[cindex].indio_dev)
+			break;
+	}
+
+	/* check if we already have collected enough channels */
+	if (cindex == ARRAY_SIZE(map->channels))
+		return 0;	/* silently ignore */
+
+	map->channels[cindex].indio_dev = indio_dev;
+	map->channels[cindex].channel = chan;
+	map->channels[cindex].data = map;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int iio_device_register_inputbridge(struct iio_dev *indio_dev)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < indio_dev->num_channels; i++) {
+		const struct iio_chan_spec *chan =
+				&indio_dev->channels[i];
+
+		if (chan->type == IIO_ACCEL) {
+			int r = iio_input_register_accel_channel(indio_dev,
+								 chan);
+
+			if (r < 0)
+				return r;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+void iio_device_unregister_inputbridge(struct iio_dev *indio_dev)
+{
+	struct iio_input_map *map = iio_device_get_drvdata(indio_dev);
+	struct input_dev *input = map->poll_dev->input;
+
+	kfree(input->name);
+	kfree(input->phys);
+	input_unregister_polled_device(map->poll_dev);
+}
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("H. Nikolaus Schaller <hns@...delico.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Bridge to present Industrial I/O accelerometers as properly oriented Input devices");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
diff --git a/drivers/iio/industrialio-inputbridge.h b/drivers/iio/industrialio-inputbridge.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1363b10ab3f7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/iio/industrialio-inputbridge.h
@@ -0,0 +1,28 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/*
+ * The Industrial I/O core, bridge to input devices
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016-2019 Golden Delicious Computers GmbH&Co. KG
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_IIO_INPUT_BRIDGE)
+
+extern int iio_device_register_inputbridge(struct iio_dev *indio_dev);
+extern void iio_device_unregister_inputbridge(struct iio_dev *indio_dev);
+
+#else
+
+static inline int iio_device_register_inputbridge(struct iio_dev *indio_dev)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline void iio_device_unregister_inputbridge(struct iio_dev *indio_dev)
+{
+}
+
+#endif
-- 
2.19.1

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