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Date:   Wed, 3 Apr 2019 10:59:50 +0800
From:   Pingfan Liu <kernelfans@...il.com>
To:     Baoquan He <bhe@...hat.com>
Cc:     x86@...nel.org, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
        Will Deacon <will.deacon@....com>,
        Nicolas Pitre <nico@...aro.org>,
        Chao Fan <fanc.fnst@...fujitsu.com>,
        "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@...ux.intel.com>,
        Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@...aro.org>,
        LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCHv3] x86/boot/KASLR: skip the specified crashkernel region

On Tue, Apr 2, 2019 at 2:46 PM Baoquan He <bhe@...hat.com> wrote:
>
> On 04/02/19 at 12:10pm, Pingfan Liu wrote:
> > crashkernel=x@y or or =range1:size1[,range2:size2,...]@offset option may
> > fail to reserve the required memory region if KASLR puts kernel into the
> > region. To avoid this uncertainty, asking KASLR to skip the required
> > region.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Pingfan Liu <kernelfans@...il.com>
> > Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
> > Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>
> > Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>
> > Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>
> > Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@...hat.com>
> > Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@....com>
> > Cc: Nicolas Pitre <nico@...aro.org>
> > Cc: Pingfan Liu <kernelfans@...il.com>
> > Cc: Chao Fan <fanc.fnst@...fujitsu.com>
> > Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@...ux.intel.com>
> > Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@...aro.org>
> > Cc: linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
> > ---
> > v2 -> v3: adding parsing of crashkernel=range1:size1[,range2:size2,...]@offset
> >
> >  arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c | 116 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> >  1 file changed, 114 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
> > index 2e53c05..7f698f4 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c
> > @@ -107,6 +107,7 @@ enum mem_avoid_index {
> >       MEM_AVOID_BOOTPARAMS,
> >       MEM_AVOID_MEMMAP_BEGIN,
> >       MEM_AVOID_MEMMAP_END = MEM_AVOID_MEMMAP_BEGIN + MAX_MEMMAP_REGIONS - 1,
> > +     MEM_AVOID_CRASHKERNEL,
> >       MEM_AVOID_MAX,
> >  };
> >
> > @@ -238,6 +239,115 @@ static void parse_gb_huge_pages(char *param, char *val)
> >       }
> >  }
> >
> > +/* code heavily copied from parse_crashkernel_mem() */
> > +static void handle_crashkernel_mem(char *cmdline,
> > +                                     unsigned long long system_ram,
> > +                                     unsigned long long *crash_size,
> > +                                     unsigned long long *crash_base)
>
> This version looks better and the logic is simple. It will be much better
> if we can share code with parse_crashkernel_mem() since both of them look
> almost the same.
>
A little hard, but I will have a try.
> > +{
> > +     char *tmp, *cur = cmdline;
> > +
> > +     /* for each entry of the comma-separated list */
> > +     do {
> > +             unsigned long long start, end = ULLONG_MAX, size;
> > +
> > +             /* get the start of the range */
> > +             start = memparse(cur, &tmp);
> > +             /* no value given */
> > +             if (cur == tmp)
> > +                     return;
> > +             cur = tmp;
> > +             if (*cur != '-')
> > +                     return;
> > +             cur++;
> > +
> > +             /* if no ':' is here, than we read the end */
> > +             if (*cur != ':') {
> > +                     end = memparse(cur, &tmp);
> > +                     /* no value given */
> > +                     if (cur == tmp)
> > +                             return;
> > +                     cur = tmp;
> > +                     /* invalid if crashkernel end <= start */
> > +                     if (end <= start)
> > +                             return;
> > +             }
> > +             /* expect ":" after range */
> > +             if (*cur != ':')
> > +                     return;
> > +             cur++;
> > +
> > +             size = memparse(cur, &tmp);
> > +             /* no size value given */
> > +             if (cur == tmp)
> > +                     return;
> > +             cur = tmp;
> > +             if (size >= system_ram)
> > +                     return;
> > +
> > +             /* match ? */
> > +             if (system_ram >= start && system_ram < end) {
> > +                     *crash_size = size;
> > +                     break;
> > +             }
> > +     } while (*cur++ == ',');
> > +
> > +     if (*crash_size > 0) {
> > +             while (*cur && *cur != ' ' && *cur != '@')
> > +                     cur++;
> > +             if (*cur == '@') {
> > +                     cur++;
> > +                     *crash_base = memparse(cur, &tmp);
> > +             }
> > +     }
> > +}
> > +
> > +/* handle crashkernel=x@y or =range1:size1[,range2:size2,...]@offset options */
> > +static void mem_avoid_specified_crashkernel_region(char *option)
>
> Maybe just add more words to explain the specified crashkernel region
> cases, but remove the 'speecified' word in function name?
>
OK.
> > +{
> > +     unsigned long long crash_size, crash_base = 0;
> > +     char    *first_colon, *first_space, *cur = option;
> > +
> > +     first_colon = strchr(option, ':');
> > +     first_space = strchr(option, ' ');
> > +     /* if contain ":" */
> > +     if (first_colon && (!first_space || first_colon < first_space)) {
> > +             int i;
> > +             u64 total_sz = 0;
> > +             struct boot_e820_entry *entry;
> > +
> > +             for (i = 0; i < boot_params->e820_entries; i++) {
> > +                     entry = &boot_params->e820_table[i];
> > +                     /* Skip non-RAM entries. */
> > +                     if (entry->type != E820_TYPE_RAM)
> > +                             continue;
> > +                     total_sz += entry->size;
>
> Wrap this for loop into a static function to calculate the system RAM
> size?
>
OK.

Thanks for your review.

Regards,
Pingfan
> Other than these, I think this adding looks good. It won't impact the
> current handling, and very easy to recognize what it's doing. Thanks for
> the effort.
>
> Thanks
> Baoquan
> > +             }
> > +             handle_crashkernel_mem(option, total_sz, &crash_size,
> > +                     &crash_base);
> > +     } else {
> > +             crash_size = memparse(option, &cur);
> > +             if (option == cur)
> > +                     return;
> > +             while (*cur && *cur != ' ' && *cur != '@')
> > +                     cur++;
> > +             if (*cur == '@') {
> > +                     option = cur + 1;
> > +                     crash_base = memparse(option, &cur);
> > +             }
> > +     }
> > +     if (crash_base) {
> > +             mem_avoid[MEM_AVOID_CRASHKERNEL].start = crash_base;
> > +             mem_avoid[MEM_AVOID_CRASHKERNEL].size = crash_size;
> > +     } else {
> > +             /*
> > +              * Clearing mem_avoid if no offset is given. This is consistent
> > +              * with kernel, which uses the last crashkernel= option.
> > +              */
> > +             mem_avoid[MEM_AVOID_CRASHKERNEL].start = 0;
> > +             mem_avoid[MEM_AVOID_CRASHKERNEL].size = 0;
> > +     }
> > +}
> >
> >  static void handle_mem_options(void)
> >  {
> > @@ -248,7 +358,7 @@ static void handle_mem_options(void)
> >       u64 mem_size;
> >
> >       if (!strstr(args, "memmap=") && !strstr(args, "mem=") &&
> > -             !strstr(args, "hugepages"))
> > +             !strstr(args, "hugepages") && !strstr(args, "crashkernel="))
> >               return;
> >
> >       tmp_cmdline = malloc(len + 1);
> > @@ -284,6 +394,8 @@ static void handle_mem_options(void)
> >                               goto out;
> >
> >                       mem_limit = mem_size;
> > +             } else if (strstr(param, "crashkernel")) {
> > +                     mem_avoid_specified_crashkernel_region(val);
> >               }
> >       }
> >
> > @@ -412,7 +524,7 @@ static void mem_avoid_init(unsigned long input, unsigned long input_size,
> >
> >       /* We don't need to set a mapping for setup_data. */
> >
> > -     /* Mark the memmap regions we need to avoid */
> > +     /* Mark the regions we need to avoid */
> >       handle_mem_options();
> >
> >       /* Enumerate the immovable memory regions */
> > --
> > 2.7.4
> >

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