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Date:   Sun, 7 Apr 2019 19:28:12 -0700
From:   "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.ibm.com>
To:     Joel Fernandes <joel@...lfernandes.org>
Cc:     Jessica Yu <jeyu@...nel.org>,
        Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@...icios.com>,
        rcu <rcu@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-kernel <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>,
        Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@...il.com>,
        dipankar <dipankar@...ibm.com>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        Josh Triplett <josh@...htriplett.org>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>,
        David Howells <dhowells@...hat.com>,
        Eric Dumazet <edumazet@...gle.com>,
        fweisbec <fweisbec@...il.com>, Oleg Nesterov <oleg@...hat.com>,
        linux-nvdimm <linux-nvdimm@...ts.01.org>,
        dri-devel <dri-devel@...ts.freedesktop.org>,
        amd-gfx <amd-gfx@...ts.freedesktop.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH RFC tip/core/rcu 0/4] Forbid static SRCU use in modules

On Sun, Apr 07, 2019 at 08:36:46PM -0400, Joel Fernandes wrote:
> On Sun, Apr 07, 2019 at 10:05:14AM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > On Sun, Apr 07, 2019 at 03:46:13PM +0000, Joel Fernandes wrote:
> > > On Sun, Apr 07, 2019 at 06:59:37AM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > > > On Sun, Apr 07, 2019 at 06:39:41AM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > > > > On Sat, Apr 06, 2019 at 07:06:13PM -0400, Joel Fernandes wrote:
> > > > 
> > > > [ . . . ]
> > > > 
> > > > > > > diff --git a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
> > > > > > > index f8f6f04c4453..c2d919a1566e 100644
> > > > > > > --- a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
> > > > > > > +++ b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
> > > > > > > @@ -338,6 +338,10 @@
> > > > > > >  		KEEP(*(__tracepoints_ptrs)) /* Tracepoints: pointer array */ \
> > > > > > >  		__stop___tracepoints_ptrs = .;				\
> > > > > > >  		*(__tracepoints_strings)/* Tracepoints: strings */	\
> > > > > > > +		. = ALIGN(8);						\
> > > > > > > +		__start___srcu_struct = .;				\
> > > > > > > +		*(___srcu_struct_ptrs)					\
> > > > > > > +		__end___srcu_struct = .;				\
> > > > > > >  	}								\
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > This vmlinux linker modification is not needed. I tested without it and srcu
> > > > > > torture works fine with rcutorture built as a module. Putting further prints
> > > > > > in kernel/module.c verified that the kernel is able to find the srcu structs
> > > > > > just fine. You could squash the below patch into this one or apply it on top
> > > > > > of the dev branch.
> > > > > 
> > > > > Good point, given that otherwise FORTRAN named common blocks would not
> > > > > work.
> > > > > 
> > > > > But isn't one advantage of leaving that stuff in the RO_DATA_SECTION()
> > > > > macro that it can be mapped read-only?  Or am I suffering from excessive
> > > > > optimism?
> > > > 
> > > > And to answer the other question, in the case where I am suffering from
> > > > excessive optimism, it should be a separate commit.  Please see below
> > > > for the updated original commit thus far.
> > > 
> > > Actually the vmlinux.lds.h file is unused for module building. For ex, if you
> > > delete include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h , then you can still build
> > > rcutorture.ko. Did I miss something obvious? In that case the vmlinux.lds.h
> > > are not needed since the __section annotations automatically place the srcu
> > > structs in a separate section.
> > 
> > Hard to argue given that I just deleted include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h,
> > touched kernel/rcu/rcutorture.c, and rebuilt the corresponding .ko
> > without errors.  ;-)
> > 
> > Hmmm...  Is there some way to place a section into a read-only page,
> > for example, tagged onto the text section for that module?  That would
> > get rid of a class of bugs, if nothing else.
> 
> Strictly speaking, the array of pointers in the new srcu section are fixed up
> at runtime because the srcu_struct(s) they point to can be loaded at a
> dynamic location in memory. The srcu_struct(s) are themselves in the .bss
> section of the module and their locations depend on where the .bss section of
> the module is loaded in memory at load time.
> 
> I agree that after such relocation fixups are done, there is no reason to keep
> the array-of-pointers section readable but unfortunately I couldn't figure a
> way out to make them read-only post the relocations.
> 
> I copied Jessica Yu who maintains module loading for any input. Jessica, as a
> summary, we are trying to create a custom ELF section of srcu_struct pointers
> in kernels modules, and then make the module loader do SRCU initialization
> from structs pointed to by this section.  The srcu_struct themselves are defined
> on the .bss section. Is there any way we can make this pointer array section
> read-only *after* the relocation fixups of the array are completed?
> 
> > > Let me know if you would like me to send a patch separately, or if the
> > > appended patch for the same in my previous email suffices.
> > 
> > Please do resend as a formal patch with the above in the commit log.
> > I doubt that I am the only one needing a bit of module-build education!
> > And thank you for providing that education, by the way!
> 
> Sounds great, I will go ahead and send out a patch in the morning for this
> part.

Sounds good on both counts!

							Thanx, Paul

> > > > And may I have your Tested-by?
> > > 
> > > Absolutely, please do and thanks!
> > 
> > Done, and thank you for giving it a go!
> 
> You're very welcome. thanks,
> 
>  - Joel
> 

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