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Date:   Thu, 11 Apr 2019 14:14:47 -0700
From:   Atish Patra <atish.patra@....com>
To:     Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@...ive.com>,
        "linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "linux-riscv@...ts.infradead.org" <linux-riscv@...ts.infradead.org>,
        "linux-serial@...r.kernel.org" <linux-serial@...r.kernel.org>,
        "gregkh@...uxfoundation.org" <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>
Cc:     Paul Walmsley <paul@...an.com>,
        Wesley Terpstra <wesley@...ive.com>,
        Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@...ive.com>,
        Julia Lawall <julia.lawall@...6.fr>,
        Jiri Slaby <jslaby@...e.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 2/2] tty: serial: add driver for the SiFive UART

On 4/11/19 2:02 AM, Paul Walmsley wrote:
> Add a serial driver for the SiFive UART, found on SiFive FU540 devices
> (among others).
> 
> The underlying serial IP block is relatively basic, and currently does
> not support serial break detection.  Further information on the IP
> block can be found in the documentation and Chisel sources:
> 
>      https://static.dev.sifive.com/FU540-C000-v1.0.pdf
> 
>      https://github.com/sifive/sifive-blocks/tree/master/src/main/scala/devices/uart
> 
> This driver was written in collaboration with Wesley Terpstra
> <wesley@...ive.com>.
> 
> Tested on a SiFive HiFive Unleashed A00 board, using BBL and the open-
> source FSBL (using a DT file based on what's targeted for mainline).
> 
> This revision incorporates changes based on comments by Emil Renner
> Berthing <kernel@...il.dk>.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@...ive.com>
> Signed-off-by: Paul Walmsley <paul@...an.com>
> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>
> Cc: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@...e.com>
> Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@...ive.com>
> Cc: Wesley Terpstra <wesley@...ive.com>
> Cc: linux-serial@...r.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-riscv@...ts.infradead.org
> Cc: linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
> Cc: Julia Lawall <julia.lawall@...6.fr>
> ---
>   drivers/tty/serial/Kconfig       |   24 +
>   drivers/tty/serial/Makefile      |    1 +
>   drivers/tty/serial/sifive.c      | 1067 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>   include/uapi/linux/serial_core.h |    3 +
>   4 files changed, 1095 insertions(+)
>   create mode 100644 drivers/tty/serial/sifive.c
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/Kconfig b/drivers/tty/serial/Kconfig
> index 72966bc0ac76..561e053b690a 100644
> --- a/drivers/tty/serial/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/tty/serial/Kconfig
> @@ -1095,6 +1095,30 @@ config SERIAL_OMAP_CONSOLE
>   	  your boot loader about how to pass options to the kernel at
>   	  boot time.)
>   
> +config SERIAL_SIFIVE
> +	tristate "SiFive UART support"
> +	depends on OF
> +	select SERIAL_CORE
> +	help
> +	  Select this option if you are building a kernel for a device that
> +	  contains a SiFive UART IP block.  This type of UART is present on
> +	  SiFive FU540 SoCs, among others.
> +
> +config SERIAL_SIFIVE_CONSOLE
> +	bool "Console on SiFive UART"
> +	depends on SERIAL_SIFIVE=y
> +	select SERIAL_CORE_CONSOLE
> +	help
> +	  Select this option if you would like to use a SiFive UART as the
> +	  system console.
> +
> +	  Even if you say Y here, the currently visible virtual console
> +	  (/dev/tty0) will still be used as the system console by default, but
> +	  you can alter that using a kernel command line option such as
> +	  "console=ttySIFx". (Try "man bootparam" or see the documentation of
> +	  your boot loader about how to pass options to the kernel at
> +	  boot time.)
> +
>   config SERIAL_LANTIQ
>   	bool "Lantiq serial driver"
>   	depends on LANTIQ
> diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/Makefile b/drivers/tty/serial/Makefile
> index 40b702aaa85e..2aff1d07d08b 100644
> --- a/drivers/tty/serial/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/tty/serial/Makefile
> @@ -92,6 +92,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SERIAL_PIC32)	+= pic32_uart.o
>   obj-$(CONFIG_SERIAL_MPS2_UART)	+= mps2-uart.o
>   obj-$(CONFIG_SERIAL_OWL)	+= owl-uart.o
>   obj-$(CONFIG_SERIAL_RDA)	+= rda-uart.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_SERIAL_SIFIVE)	+= sifive.o
>   
>   # GPIOLIB helpers for modem control lines
>   obj-$(CONFIG_SERIAL_MCTRL_GPIO)	+= serial_mctrl_gpio.o
> diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/sifive.c b/drivers/tty/serial/sifive.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..7401cfed0f48
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/tty/serial/sifive.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,1067 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> +/*
> + * SiFive UART driver
> + * Copyright (C) 2018 Paul Walmsley <paul@...an.com>
> + * Copyright (C) 2018 SiFive
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
> + * (at your option) any later version.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * Based partially on:
> + * - drivers/tty/serial/pxa.c
> + * - drivers/tty/serial/amba-pl011.c
> + * - drivers/tty/serial/uartlite.c
> + * - drivers/tty/serial/omap-serial.c
> + * - drivers/pwm/pwm-sifive.c
> + *
> + * See the following sources for further documentation:
> + * - Chapter 19 "Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter (UART)" of
> + *   SiFive FE310-G000 v2p3
> + * - The tree/master/src/main/scala/devices/uart directory of
> + *   https://github.com/sifive/sifive-blocks/
> + *
> + * The SiFive UART design is not 8250-compatible.  The following common
> + * features are not supported:
> + * - Word lengths other than 8 bits
> + * - Break handling
> + * - Parity
> + * - Flow control
> + * - Modem signals (DSR, RI, etc.)
> + * On the other hand, the design is free from the baggage of the 8250
> + * programming model.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/clk.h>
> +#include <linux/console.h>
> +#include <linux/delay.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/io.h>
> +#include <linux/irq.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/of.h>
> +#include <linux/of_irq.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +#include <linux/serial_core.h>
> +#include <linux/serial_reg.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/tty.h>
> +#include <linux/tty_flip.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * Register offsets
> + */
> +
> +/* TXDATA */
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXDATA_OFFS		0x0
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXDATA_FULL_SHIFT		31
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXDATA_FULL_MASK		(1 << SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXDATA_FULL_SHIFT)
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXDATA_DATA_SHIFT		0
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXDATA_DATA_MASK		(0xff << SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXDATA_DATA_SHIFT)
> +
> +/* RXDATA */
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXDATA_OFFS		0x4
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXDATA_EMPTY_SHIFT	31
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXDATA_EMPTY_MASK		(1 << SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXDATA_EMPTY_SHIFT)
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXDATA_DATA_SHIFT		0
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXDATA_DATA_MASK		(0xff << SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXDATA_DATA_SHIFT)
> +
> +/* TXCTRL */
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_OFFS		0x8
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_TXCNT_SHIFT	16
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_TXCNT_MASK		(0x7 << SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_TXCNT_SHIFT)
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_NSTOP_SHIFT	1
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_NSTOP_MASK		(1 << SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_NSTOP_SHIFT)
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_TXEN_SHIFT		0
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_TXEN_MASK		(1 << SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_TXEN_SHIFT)
> +
> +/* RXCTRL */
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXCTRL_OFFS		0xC
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXCTRL_RXCNT_SHIFT	16
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXCTRL_RXCNT_MASK		(0x7 << SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_TXCNT_SHIFT)
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXCTRL_RXEN_SHIFT		0
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXCTRL_RXEN_MASK		(1 << SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXCTRL_RXEN_SHIFT)
> +
> +/* IE */
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_OFFS			0x10
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_RXWM_SHIFT		1
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_RXWM_MASK		(1 << SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_RXWM_SHIFT)
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_TXWM_SHIFT		0
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_TXWM_MASK		(1 << SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_TXWM_SHIFT)
> +
> +/* IP */
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_IP_OFFS			0x14
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_IP_RXWM_SHIFT		1
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_IP_RXWM_MASK		(1 << SIFIVE_SERIAL_IP_RXWM_SHIFT)
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_IP_TXWM_SHIFT		0
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_IP_TXWM_MASK		(1 << SIFIVE_SERIAL_IP_TXWM_SHIFT)
> +
> +/* DIV */
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_DIV_OFFS			0x18
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_DIV_DIV_SHIFT		0
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_DIV_DIV_MASK		(0xffff << SIFIVE_SERIAL_IP_DIV_SHIFT)
> +
> +/*
> + * Config macros
> + */
> +
> +/*
> + * SIFIVE_SERIAL_MAX_PORTS: maximum number of UARTs on a device that can
> + *                          host a serial console
> + */
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_MAX_PORTS			8
> +
> +/*
> + * SIFIVE_DEFAULT_BAUD_RATE: default baud rate that the driver should
> + *                           configure itself to use
> + */
> +#define SIFIVE_DEFAULT_BAUD_RATE		115200
> +
> +/* SIFIVE_SERIAL_NAME: our driver's name that we pass to the operating system */
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_NAME			"sifive-serial"
> +
> +/* SIFIVE_TTY_PREFIX: tty name prefix for SiFive serial ports */
> +#define SIFIVE_TTY_PREFIX			"ttySIF"
> +
> +/* SIFIVE_TX_FIFO_DEPTH: depth of the TX FIFO (in bytes) */
> +#define SIFIVE_TX_FIFO_DEPTH			8
> +
> +/* SIFIVE_RX_FIFO_DEPTH: depth of the TX FIFO (in bytes) */
> +#define SIFIVE_RX_FIFO_DEPTH			8
> +
> +#if (SIFIVE_TX_FIFO_DEPTH != SIFIVE_RX_FIFO_DEPTH)
> +#error Driver does not support configurations with different TX, RX FIFO sizes
> +#endif
> +
> +/*
> + *
> + */
> +

Remove it if no comment here ?

Regards,
Atish
> +/**
> + * sifive_serial_port - driver-specific data extension to struct uart_port
> + * @port: struct uart_port embedded in this struct
> + * @dev: struct device *
> + * @ier: shadowed copy of the interrupt enable register
> + * @clkin_rate: input clock to the UART IP block.
> + * @baud_rate: UART serial line rate (e.g., 115200 baud)
> + * @clk_notifier: clock rate change notifier for upstream clock changes
> + *
> + * Configuration data specific to this SiFive UART.
> + */
> +struct sifive_serial_port {
> +	struct uart_port	port;
> +	struct device		*dev;
> +	unsigned char		ier;
> +	unsigned long		clkin_rate;
> +	unsigned long		baud_rate;
> +	struct clk		*clk;
> +	struct notifier_block	clk_notifier;
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * Structure container-of macros
> + */
> +
> +#define port_to_sifive_serial_port(p) (container_of((p), \
> +						    struct sifive_serial_port, \
> +						    port))
> +
> +#define notifier_to_sifive_serial_port(nb) (container_of((nb), \
> +							 struct sifive_serial_port, \
> +							 clk_notifier))
> +
> +/*
> + * Forward declarations
> + */
> +static void sifive_serial_stop_tx(struct uart_port *port);
> +
> +/*
> + * Internal functions
> + */
> +
> +/**
> + * __ssp_early_writel() - write to a SiFive serial port register (early)
> + * @port: pointer to a struct uart_port record
> + * @offs: register address offset from the IP block base address
> + * @v: value to write to the register
> + *
> + * Given a pointer @port to a struct uart_port record, write the value
> + * @v to the IP block register address offset @offs.  This function is
> + * intended for early console use.
> + *
> + * Context: Intended to be used only by the earlyconsole code.
> + */
> +static void __ssp_early_writel(u32 v, u16 offs, struct uart_port *port)
> +{
> +	writel_relaxed(v, port->membase + offs);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * __ssp_early_readl() - read from a SiFive serial port register (early)
> + * @port: pointer to a struct uart_port record
> + * @offs: register address offset from the IP block base address
> + *
> + * Given a pointer @port to a struct uart_port record, read the
> + * contents of the IP block register located at offset @offs from the
> + * IP block base and return it.  This function is intended for early
> + * console use.
> + *
> + * Context: Intended to be called only by the earlyconsole code or by
> + *          __ssp_readl() or __ssp_writel() (in this driver)
> + *
> + * Returns: the register value read from the UART.
> + */
> +static u32 __ssp_early_readl(struct uart_port *port, u16 offs)
> +{
> +	return readl_relaxed(port->membase + offs);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * __ssp_writel() - write to a SiFive serial port register
> + * @v: value to write to the register
> + * @offs: register address offset from the IP block base address
> + * @ssp: pointer to a struct sifive_serial_port record
> + *
> + * Write the value @v to the IP block register located at offset @offs from the
> + * IP block base, given a pointer @ssp to a struct sifive_serial_port record.
> + *
> + * Context: Any context.
> + */
> +static void __ssp_writel(u32 v, u16 offs, struct sifive_serial_port *ssp)
> +{
> +	__ssp_early_writel(v, offs, &ssp->port);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * __ssp_readl() - read from a SiFive serial port register
> + * @ssp: pointer to a struct sifive_serial_port record
> + * @offs: register address offset from the IP block base address
> + *
> + * Read the contents of the IP block register located at offset @offs from the
> + * IP block base, given a pointer @ssp to a struct sifive_serial_port record.
> + *
> + * Context: Any context.
> + *
> + * Returns: the value of the UART register
> + */
> +static u32 __ssp_readl(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp, u16 offs)
> +{
> +	return __ssp_early_readl(&ssp->port, offs);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * sifive_serial_is_txfifo_full() - is the TXFIFO full?
> + * @ssp: pointer to a struct sifive_serial_port
> + *
> + * Read the transmit FIFO "full" bit, returning a non-zero value if the
> + * TX FIFO is full, or zero if space remains.  Intended to be used to prevent
> + * writes to the TX FIFO when it's full.
> + *
> + * Returns: SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXDATA_FULL_MASK (non-zero) if the transmit FIFO
> + * is full, or 0 if space remains.
> + */
> +static int sifive_serial_is_txfifo_full(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp)
> +{
> +	return __ssp_readl(ssp, SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXDATA_OFFS) &
> +		SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXDATA_FULL_MASK;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * __ssp_transmit_char() - enqueue a byte to transmit onto the TX FIFO
> + * @ssp: pointer to a struct sifive_serial_port
> + * @ch: character to transmit
> + *
> + * Enqueue a byte @ch onto the transmit FIFO, given a pointer @ssp to the
> + * struct sifive_serial_port * to transmit on.  Caller should first check to
> + * ensure that the TXFIFO has space; see sifive_serial_is_txfifo_full().
> + *
> + * Context: Any context.
> + */
> +static void __ssp_transmit_char(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp, int ch)
> +{
> +	__ssp_writel(ch, SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXDATA_OFFS, ssp);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * __ssp_transmit_chars() - enqueue multiple bytes onto the TX FIFO
> + * @ssp: pointer to a struct sifive_serial_port
> + *
> + * Transfer up to a TX FIFO size's worth of characters from the Linux serial
> + * transmit buffer to the SiFive UART TX FIFO.
> + *
> + * Context: Any context.  Expects @ssp->port.lock to be held by caller.
> + */
> +static void __ssp_transmit_chars(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp)
> +{
> +	struct circ_buf *xmit = &ssp->port.state->xmit;
> +	int count;
> +
> +	if (ssp->port.x_char) {
> +		__ssp_transmit_char(ssp, ssp->port.x_char);
> +		ssp->port.icount.tx++;
> +		ssp->port.x_char = 0;
> +		return;
> +	}
> +	if (uart_circ_empty(xmit) || uart_tx_stopped(&ssp->port)) {
> +		sifive_serial_stop_tx(&ssp->port);
> +		return;
> +	}
> +	count = SIFIVE_TX_FIFO_DEPTH;
> +	do {
> +		__ssp_transmit_char(ssp, xmit->buf[xmit->tail]);
> +		xmit->tail = (xmit->tail + 1) & (UART_XMIT_SIZE - 1);
> +		ssp->port.icount.tx++;
> +		if (uart_circ_empty(xmit))
> +			break;
> +	} while (--count > 0);
> +
> +	if (uart_circ_chars_pending(xmit) < WAKEUP_CHARS)
> +		uart_write_wakeup(&ssp->port);
> +
> +	if (uart_circ_empty(xmit))
> +		sifive_serial_stop_tx(&ssp->port);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * __ssp_enable_txwm() - enable transmit watermark interrupts
> + * @ssp: pointer to a struct sifive_serial_port
> + *
> + * Enable interrupt generation when the transmit FIFO watermark is reached
> + * on the SiFive UART referred to by @ssp.
> + */
> +static void __ssp_enable_txwm(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp)
> +{
> +	if (ssp->ier & SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_TXWM_MASK)
> +		return;
> +
> +	ssp->ier |= SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_TXWM_MASK;
> +	__ssp_writel(ssp->ier, SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_OFFS, ssp);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * __ssp_enable_rxwm() - enable receive watermark interrupts
> + * @ssp: pointer to a struct sifive_serial_port
> + *
> + * Enable interrupt generation when the receive FIFO watermark is reached
> + * on the SiFive UART referred to by @ssp.
> + */
> +static void __ssp_enable_rxwm(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp)
> +{
> +	if (ssp->ier & SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_RXWM_MASK)
> +		return;
> +
> +	ssp->ier |= SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_RXWM_MASK;
> +	__ssp_writel(ssp->ier, SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_OFFS, ssp);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * __ssp_disable_txwm() - disable transmit watermark interrupts
> + * @ssp: pointer to a struct sifive_serial_port
> + *
> + * Disable interrupt generation when the transmit FIFO watermark is reached
> + * on the UART referred to by @ssp.
> + */
> +static void __ssp_disable_txwm(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp)
> +{
> +	if (!(ssp->ier & SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_TXWM_MASK))
> +		return;
> +
> +	ssp->ier &= ~SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_TXWM_MASK;
> +	__ssp_writel(ssp->ier, SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_OFFS, ssp);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * __ssp_disable_rxwm() - disable receive watermark interrupts
> + * @ssp: pointer to a struct sifive_serial_port
> + *
> + * Disable interrupt generation when the receive FIFO watermark is reached
> + * on the UART referred to by @ssp.
> + */
> +static void __ssp_disable_rxwm(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp)
> +{
> +	if (!(ssp->ier & SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_RXWM_MASK))
> +		return;
> +
> +	ssp->ier &= ~SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_RXWM_MASK;
> +	__ssp_writel(ssp->ier, SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_OFFS, ssp);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * __ssp_receive_char() - receive a byte from the UART
> + * @ssp: pointer to a struct sifive_serial_port
> + * @is_empty: char pointer to return whether the RX FIFO is empty
> + *
> + * Try to read a byte from the SiFive UART RX FIFO, referenced by
> + * @ssp, and to return it.  Also returns the RX FIFO empty bit in
> + * the char pointed to by @ch.  The caller must pass the byte back to the
> + * Linux serial layer if needed.
> + *
> + * Returns: the byte read from the UART RX FIFO.
> + */
> +static char __ssp_receive_char(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp, char *is_empty)
> +{
> +	u32 v;
> +	u8 ch;
> +
> +	v = __ssp_readl(ssp, SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXDATA_OFFS);
> +
> +	if (!is_empty)
> +		WARN_ON(1);
> +	else
> +		*is_empty = (v & SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXDATA_EMPTY_MASK) >>
> +			SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXDATA_EMPTY_SHIFT;
> +
> +	ch = (v & SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXDATA_DATA_MASK) >>
> +		SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXDATA_DATA_SHIFT;
> +
> +	return ch;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * __ssp_receive_chars() - receive multiple bytes from the UART
> + * @ssp: pointer to a struct sifive_serial_port
> + *
> + * Receive up to an RX FIFO's worth of bytes from the SiFive UART referred
> + * to by @ssp and pass them up to the Linux serial layer.
> + *
> + * Context: Expects ssp->port.lock to be held by caller.
> + */
> +static void __ssp_receive_chars(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp)
> +{
> +	unsigned char ch;
> +	char is_empty;
> +	int c;
> +
> +	for (c = SIFIVE_RX_FIFO_DEPTH; c > 0; --c) {
> +		ch = __ssp_receive_char(ssp, &is_empty);
> +		if (is_empty)
> +			break;
> +
> +		ssp->port.icount.rx++;
> +		uart_insert_char(&ssp->port, 0, 0, ch, TTY_NORMAL);
> +	}
> +
> +	spin_unlock(&ssp->port.lock);
> +	tty_flip_buffer_push(&ssp->port.state->port);
> +	spin_lock(&ssp->port.lock);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * __ssp_update_div() - calculate the divisor setting by the line rate
> + * @ssp: pointer to a struct sifive_serial_port
> + *
> + * Calculate the appropriate value of the clock divisor for the UART
> + * and target line rate referred to by @ssp and write it into the
> + * hardware.
> + */
> +static void __ssp_update_div(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp)
> +{
> +	u16 div;
> +
> +	div = DIV_ROUND_UP(ssp->clkin_rate, ssp->baud_rate) - 1;
> +
> +	__ssp_writel(div, SIFIVE_SERIAL_DIV_OFFS, ssp);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * __ssp_update_baud_rate() - set the UART "baud rate"
> + * @ssp: pointer to a struct sifive_serial_port
> + * @rate: new target bit rate
> + *
> + * Calculate the UART divisor value for the target bit rate @rate for the
> + * SiFive UART described by @ssp and program it into the UART.  There may
> + * be some error between the target bit rate and the actual bit rate implemented
> + * by the UART due to clock ratio granularity.
> + */
> +static void __ssp_update_baud_rate(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp,
> +				   unsigned int rate)
> +{
> +	if (ssp->baud_rate == rate)
> +		return;
> +
> +	ssp->baud_rate = rate;
> +	__ssp_update_div(ssp);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * __ssp_set_stop_bits() - set the number of stop bits
> + * @ssp: pointer to a struct sifive_serial_port
> + * @nstop: 1 or 2 (stop bits)
> + *
> + * Program the SiFive UART referred to by @ssp to use @nstop stop bits.
> + */
> +static void __ssp_set_stop_bits(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp, char nstop)
> +{
> +	u32 v;
> +
> +	if (nstop < 1 || nstop > 2) {
> +		WARN_ON(1);
> +		return;
> +	}
> +
> +	v = __ssp_readl(ssp, SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_OFFS);
> +	v &= ~SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_NSTOP_MASK;
> +	v |= (nstop - 1) << SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_NSTOP_SHIFT;
> +	__ssp_writel(v, SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_OFFS, ssp);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * __ssp_wait_for_xmitr() - wait for an empty slot on the TX FIFO
> + * @ssp: pointer to a struct sifive_serial_port
> + *
> + * Delay while the UART TX FIFO referred to by @ssp is marked as full.
> + *
> + * Context: Any context.
> + */
> +static void __maybe_unused __ssp_wait_for_xmitr(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp)
> +{
> +	while (sifive_serial_is_txfifo_full(ssp))
> +		udelay(1); /* XXX Could probably be more intelligent here */
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Linux serial API functions
> + */
> +
> +static void sifive_serial_stop_tx(struct uart_port *port)
> +{
> +	struct sifive_serial_port *ssp = port_to_sifive_serial_port(port);
> +
> +	__ssp_disable_txwm(ssp);
> +}
> +
> +static void sifive_serial_stop_rx(struct uart_port *port)
> +{
> +	struct sifive_serial_port *ssp = port_to_sifive_serial_port(port);
> +
> +	__ssp_disable_rxwm(ssp);
> +}
> +
> +static void sifive_serial_start_tx(struct uart_port *port)
> +{
> +	struct sifive_serial_port *ssp = port_to_sifive_serial_port(port);
> +
> +	__ssp_enable_txwm(ssp);
> +}
> +
> +static irqreturn_t sifive_serial_irq(int irq, void *dev_id)
> +{
> +	struct sifive_serial_port *ssp = dev_id;
> +	u32 ip;
> +
> +	spin_lock(&ssp->port.lock);
> +
> +	ip = __ssp_readl(ssp, SIFIVE_SERIAL_IP_OFFS);
> +	if (!ip) {
> +		spin_unlock(&ssp->port.lock);
> +		return IRQ_NONE;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (ip & SIFIVE_SERIAL_IP_RXWM_MASK)
> +		__ssp_receive_chars(ssp);
> +	if (ip & SIFIVE_SERIAL_IP_TXWM_MASK)
> +		__ssp_transmit_chars(ssp);
> +
> +	spin_unlock(&ssp->port.lock);
> +
> +	return IRQ_HANDLED;
> +}
> +
> +static unsigned int sifive_serial_tx_empty(struct uart_port *port)
> +{
> +	return TIOCSER_TEMT;
> +}
> +
> +static unsigned int sifive_serial_get_mctrl(struct uart_port *port)
> +{
> +	return TIOCM_CAR | TIOCM_CTS | TIOCM_DSR;
> +}
> +
> +static void sifive_serial_set_mctrl(struct uart_port *port, unsigned int mctrl)
> +{
> +	/* IP block does not support these signals */
> +}
> +
> +static void sifive_serial_break_ctl(struct uart_port *port, int break_state)
> +{
> +	/* IP block does not support sending a break */
> +}
> +
> +static int sifive_serial_startup(struct uart_port *port)
> +{
> +	struct sifive_serial_port *ssp = port_to_sifive_serial_port(port);
> +
> +	__ssp_enable_rxwm(ssp);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void sifive_serial_shutdown(struct uart_port *port)
> +{
> +	struct sifive_serial_port *ssp = port_to_sifive_serial_port(port);
> +
> +	__ssp_disable_rxwm(ssp);
> +	__ssp_disable_txwm(ssp);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * sifive_serial_clk_notifier() - clock post-rate-change notifier
> + * @nb: pointer to the struct notifier_block, from the notifier code
> + * @event: event mask from the notifier code
> + * @data: pointer to the struct clk_notifier_data from the notifier code
> + *
> + * On the V0 SoC, the UART IP block is derived from the CPU clock source
> + * after a synchronous divide-by-two divider, so any CPU clock rate change
> + * requires the UART baud rate to be updated.  This presumably could corrupt any
> + * serial word currently being transmitted or received.  It would probably
> + * be better to stop receives and transmits, then complete the baud rate
> + * change, then re-enable them.
> + */
> +static int sifive_serial_clk_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb,
> +				      unsigned long event, void *data)
> +{
> +	struct clk_notifier_data *cnd = data;
> +	struct sifive_serial_port *ssp = notifier_to_sifive_serial_port(nb);
> +
> +	if (event == POST_RATE_CHANGE && ssp->clkin_rate != cnd->new_rate) {
> +		ssp->clkin_rate = cnd->new_rate;
> +		__ssp_update_div(ssp);
> +	}
> +
> +	return NOTIFY_OK;
> +}
> +
> +static void sifive_serial_set_termios(struct uart_port *port,
> +				      struct ktermios *termios,
> +				      struct ktermios *old)
> +{
> +	struct sifive_serial_port *ssp = port_to_sifive_serial_port(port);
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +	u32 v, old_v;
> +	int rate;
> +	char nstop;
> +
> +	if ((termios->c_cflag & CSIZE) != CS8) {
> +		dev_err(ssp->port.dev, "only 8-bit words supported\n");
> +		return;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Set number of stop bits */
> +	nstop = (termios->c_cflag & CSTOPB) ? 2 : 1;
> +	__ssp_set_stop_bits(ssp, nstop);
> +
> +	/* Set line rate */
> +	rate = uart_get_baud_rate(port, termios, old, 0, ssp->clkin_rate / 16);
> +	__ssp_update_baud_rate(ssp, rate);
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&ssp->port.lock, flags);
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Update the per-port timeout.
> +	 */
> +	uart_update_timeout(port, termios->c_cflag, rate);
> +
> +	ssp->port.read_status_mask = 0;
> +	if (termios->c_iflag & INPCK) {
> +		dev_err(ssp->port.dev, "INPCK flag not supported\n");
> +		goto ssst_out;
> +	}
> +	if (termios->c_iflag & (BRKINT | PARMRK)) {
> +		dev_err(ssp->port.dev, "BRKINT/PARMRK flag not supported\n");
> +		goto ssst_out;
> +	}
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * ignore all characters if CREAD is not set
> +	 */
> +	v = __ssp_readl(ssp, SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXCTRL_OFFS);
> +	old_v = v;
> +	if ((termios->c_cflag & CREAD) == 0)
> +		v &= SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXCTRL_RXEN_MASK;
> +	else
> +		v |= SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXCTRL_RXEN_MASK;
> +	if (v != old_v)
> +		__ssp_writel(v, SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXCTRL_OFFS, ssp);
> +
> +ssst_out:
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ssp->port.lock, flags);
> +}
> +
> +static void sifive_serial_release_port(struct uart_port *port)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +static int sifive_serial_request_port(struct uart_port *port)
> +{
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void sifive_serial_config_port(struct uart_port *port, int flags)
> +{
> +	struct sifive_serial_port *ssp = port_to_sifive_serial_port(port);
> +
> +	ssp->port.type = PORT_SIFIVE_V0;
> +}
> +
> +static int sifive_serial_verify_port(struct uart_port *port,
> +				     struct serial_struct *ser)
> +{
> +	return -EINVAL;
> +}
> +
> +static const char *sifive_serial_type(struct uart_port *port)
> +{
> +	return port->type == PORT_SIFIVE_V0 ? "SiFive UART v0" : NULL;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Early console support
> + */
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_EARLYCON
> +static void early_sifive_serial_putc(struct uart_port *port, int c)
> +{
> +	while (__ssp_early_readl(port, SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXDATA_OFFS) &
> +	       SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXDATA_FULL_MASK)
> +		cpu_relax();
> +
> +	__ssp_early_writel(c, SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXDATA_OFFS, port);
> +}
> +
> +static void early_sifive_serial_write(struct console *con, const char *s,
> +				      unsigned int n)
> +{
> +	struct earlycon_device *dev = con->data;
> +	struct uart_port *port = &dev->port;
> +
> +	uart_console_write(port, s, n, early_sifive_serial_putc);
> +}
> +
> +static int __init early_sifive_serial_setup(struct earlycon_device *dev,
> +					    const char *options)
> +{
> +	struct uart_port *port = &dev->port;
> +
> +	if (!port->membase)
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	dev->con->write = early_sifive_serial_write;
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +OF_EARLYCON_DECLARE(sifive, "sifive,uart0", early_sifive_serial_setup);
> +OF_EARLYCON_DECLARE(sifive, "sifive,fu540-c000-uart0",
> +		    early_sifive_serial_setup);
> +#endif /* CONFIG_SERIAL_EARLYCON */
> +
> +/*
> + * Linux console interface
> + */
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_SIFIVE_CONSOLE
> +
> +static struct sifive_serial_port *sifive_serial_console_ports[SIFIVE_SERIAL_MAX_PORTS];
> +
> +static void sifive_serial_console_putchar(struct uart_port *port, int ch)
> +{
> +	struct sifive_serial_port *ssp = port_to_sifive_serial_port(port);
> +
> +	__ssp_wait_for_xmitr(ssp);
> +	__ssp_transmit_char(ssp, ch);
> +}
> +
> +static void sifive_serial_console_write(struct console *co, const char *s,
> +					unsigned int count)
> +{
> +	struct sifive_serial_port *ssp = sifive_serial_console_ports[co->index];
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +	unsigned int ier;
> +	int locked = 1;
> +
> +	if (!ssp)
> +		return;
> +
> +	local_irq_save(flags);
> +	if (ssp->port.sysrq)
> +		locked = 0;
> +	else if (oops_in_progress)
> +		locked = spin_trylock(&ssp->port.lock);
> +	else
> +		spin_lock(&ssp->port.lock);
> +
> +	ier = __ssp_readl(ssp, SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_OFFS);
> +	__ssp_writel(0, SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_OFFS, ssp);
> +
> +	uart_console_write(&ssp->port, s, count, sifive_serial_console_putchar);
> +
> +	__ssp_writel(ier, SIFIVE_SERIAL_IE_OFFS, ssp);
> +
> +	if (locked)
> +		spin_unlock(&ssp->port.lock);
> +	local_irq_restore(flags);
> +}
> +
> +static int __init sifive_serial_console_setup(struct console *co, char *options)
> +{
> +	struct sifive_serial_port *ssp;
> +	int baud = SIFIVE_DEFAULT_BAUD_RATE;
> +	int bits = 8;
> +	int parity = 'n';
> +	int flow = 'n';
> +
> +	if (co->index < 0 || co->index >= SIFIVE_SERIAL_MAX_PORTS)
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	ssp = sifive_serial_console_ports[co->index];
> +	if (!ssp)
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	if (options)
> +		uart_parse_options(options, &baud, &parity, &bits, &flow);
> +
> +	return uart_set_options(&ssp->port, co, baud, parity, bits, flow);
> +}
> +
> +static struct uart_driver sifive_serial_uart_driver;
> +
> +static struct console sifive_serial_console = {
> +	.name		= SIFIVE_TTY_PREFIX,
> +	.write		= sifive_serial_console_write,
> +	.device		= uart_console_device,
> +	.setup		= sifive_serial_console_setup,
> +	.flags		= CON_PRINTBUFFER,
> +	.index		= -1,
> +	.data		= &sifive_serial_uart_driver,
> +};
> +
> +static int __init sifive_console_init(void)
> +{
> +	register_console(&sifive_serial_console);
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +console_initcall(sifive_console_init);
> +
> +static void __ssp_add_console_port(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp)
> +{
> +	sifive_serial_console_ports[ssp->port.line] = ssp;
> +}
> +
> +static void __ssp_remove_console_port(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp)
> +{
> +	sifive_serial_console_ports[ssp->port.line] = 0;
> +}
> +
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_CONSOLE	(&sifive_serial_console)
> +
> +#else
> +
> +#define SIFIVE_SERIAL_CONSOLE	NULL
> +
> +static void __ssp_add_console_port(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp)
> +{}
> +static void __ssp_remove_console_port(struct sifive_serial_port *ssp)
> +{}
> +
> +#endif
> +
> +static const struct uart_ops sifive_serial_uops = {
> +	.tx_empty	= sifive_serial_tx_empty,
> +	.set_mctrl	= sifive_serial_set_mctrl,
> +	.get_mctrl	= sifive_serial_get_mctrl,
> +	.stop_tx	= sifive_serial_stop_tx,
> +	.start_tx	= sifive_serial_start_tx,
> +	.stop_rx	= sifive_serial_stop_rx,
> +	.break_ctl	= sifive_serial_break_ctl,
> +	.startup	= sifive_serial_startup,
> +	.shutdown	= sifive_serial_shutdown,
> +	.set_termios	= sifive_serial_set_termios,
> +	.type		= sifive_serial_type,
> +	.release_port	= sifive_serial_release_port,
> +	.request_port	= sifive_serial_request_port,
> +	.config_port	= sifive_serial_config_port,
> +	.verify_port	= sifive_serial_verify_port,
> +};
> +
> +static struct uart_driver sifive_serial_uart_driver = {
> +	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
> +	.driver_name	= SIFIVE_SERIAL_NAME,
> +	.dev_name	= SIFIVE_TTY_PREFIX,
> +	.nr		= SIFIVE_SERIAL_MAX_PORTS,
> +	.cons		= SIFIVE_SERIAL_CONSOLE,
> +};
> +
> +static int sifive_serial_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> +	struct sifive_serial_port *ssp;
> +	struct resource *mem;
> +	struct clk *clk;
> +	void __iomem *base;
> +	int irq, id, r;
> +
> +	irq = platform_get_irq(pdev, 0);
> +	if (irq < 0) {
> +		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "could not acquire interrupt\n");
> +		return -EPROBE_DEFER;
> +	}
> +
> +	mem = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
> +	base = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, mem);
> +	if (IS_ERR(base)) {
> +		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "could not acquire device memory\n");
> +		return PTR_ERR(base);
> +	}
> +
> +	clk = devm_clk_get(&pdev->dev, NULL);
> +	if (IS_ERR(clk)) {
> +		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "unable to find controller clock\n");
> +		return PTR_ERR(clk);
> +	}
> +
> +	id = of_alias_get_id(pdev->dev.of_node, "serial");
> +	if (id < 0) {
> +		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "missing aliases entry\n");
> +		return id;
> +	}
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SERIAL_SIFIVE_CONSOLE
> +	if (id > SIFIVE_SERIAL_MAX_PORTS) {
> +		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "too many UARTs (%d)\n", id);
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +#endif
> +
> +	ssp = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*ssp), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!ssp)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	ssp->port.dev = &pdev->dev;
> +	ssp->port.type = PORT_SIFIVE_V0;
> +	ssp->port.iotype = UPIO_MEM;
> +	ssp->port.irq = irq;
> +	ssp->port.fifosize = SIFIVE_TX_FIFO_DEPTH;
> +	ssp->port.ops = &sifive_serial_uops;
> +	ssp->port.line = id;
> +	ssp->port.mapbase = mem->start;
> +	ssp->port.membase = base;
> +	ssp->dev = &pdev->dev;
> +	ssp->clk = clk;
> +	ssp->clk_notifier.notifier_call = sifive_serial_clk_notifier;
> +
> +	r = clk_notifier_register(ssp->clk, &ssp->clk_notifier);
> +	if (r) {
> +		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "could not register clock notifier: %d\n",
> +			r);
> +		goto probe_out1;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Set up clock divider */
> +	ssp->clkin_rate = clk_get_rate(ssp->clk);
> +	ssp->baud_rate = SIFIVE_DEFAULT_BAUD_RATE;
> +	__ssp_update_div(ssp);
> +
> +	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, ssp);
> +
> +	/* Enable transmits and set the watermark level to 1 */
> +	__ssp_writel((1 << SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_TXCNT_SHIFT) |
> +		     SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_TXEN_MASK,
> +		     SIFIVE_SERIAL_TXCTRL_OFFS, ssp);
> +
> +	/* Enable receives and set the watermark level to 0 */
> +	__ssp_writel((0 << SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXCTRL_RXCNT_SHIFT) |
> +		     SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXCTRL_RXEN_MASK,
> +		     SIFIVE_SERIAL_RXCTRL_OFFS, ssp);
> +
> +	r = request_irq(ssp->port.irq, sifive_serial_irq, ssp->port.irqflags,
> +			dev_name(&pdev->dev), ssp);
> +	if (r) {
> +		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "could not attach interrupt: %d\n", r);
> +		goto probe_out2;
> +	}
> +
> +	__ssp_add_console_port(ssp);
> +
> +	r = uart_add_one_port(&sifive_serial_uart_driver, &ssp->port);
> +	if (r != 0) {
> +		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "could not add uart: %d\n", r);
> +		goto probe_out3;
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +
> +probe_out3:
> +	__ssp_remove_console_port(ssp);
> +	free_irq(ssp->port.irq, ssp);
> +probe_out2:
> +	clk_notifier_unregister(ssp->clk, &ssp->clk_notifier);
> +probe_out1:
> +	return r;
> +}
> +
> +static int sifive_serial_remove(struct platform_device *dev)
> +{
> +	struct sifive_serial_port *ssp = platform_get_drvdata(dev);
> +
> +	__ssp_remove_console_port(ssp);
> +	uart_remove_one_port(&sifive_serial_uart_driver, &ssp->port);
> +	free_irq(ssp->port.irq, ssp);
> +	clk_notifier_unregister(ssp->clk, &ssp->clk_notifier);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct of_device_id sifive_serial_of_match[] = {
> +	{ .compatible = "sifive,fu540-c000-uart0" },
> +	{ .compatible = "sifive,uart0" },
> +	{},
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, sifive_serial_of_match);
> +
> +static struct platform_driver sifive_serial_platform_driver = {
> +	.probe		= sifive_serial_probe,
> +	.remove		= sifive_serial_remove,
> +	.driver		= {
> +		.name	= SIFIVE_SERIAL_NAME,
> +		.of_match_table = of_match_ptr(sifive_serial_of_match),
> +	},
> +};
> +
> +static int __init sifive_serial_init(void)
> +{
> +	int r;
> +
> +	r = uart_register_driver(&sifive_serial_uart_driver);
> +	if (r)
> +		goto init_out1;
> +
> +	r = platform_driver_register(&sifive_serial_platform_driver);
> +	if (r)
> +		goto init_out2;
> +
> +	return 0;
> +
> +init_out2:
> +	uart_unregister_driver(&sifive_serial_uart_driver);
> +init_out1:
> +	return r;
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit sifive_serial_exit(void)
> +{
> +	platform_driver_unregister(&sifive_serial_platform_driver);
> +	uart_unregister_driver(&sifive_serial_uart_driver);
> +}
> +
> +module_init(sifive_serial_init);
> +module_exit(sifive_serial_exit);
> +
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("SiFive UART serial driver");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Paul Walmsley <paul@...an.com>");
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/serial_core.h b/include/uapi/linux/serial_core.h
> index 6009ee2c2e99..2191fa691770 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/serial_core.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/serial_core.h
> @@ -287,4 +287,7 @@
>   /* RDA UART */
>   #define PORT_RDA	118
>   
> +/* SiFive UART */
> +#define PORT_SIFIVE_V0	119
> +
>   #endif /* _UAPILINUX_SERIAL_CORE_H */
> 

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