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Date:   Mon, 15 Apr 2019 10:22:27 -0700
From:   Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
To:     Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>
Cc:     Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@....com>,
        Will Deacon <will.deacon@....com>,
        Alex Matveev <alxmtvv@...il.com>,
        Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@...aro.org>,
        Linux ARM <linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>,
        Yury Norov <ynorov@...iumnetworks.com>,
        Matthias Kaehlcke <mka@...omium.org>,
        Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@...gle.com>,
        LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3] arm64: sysreg: make mrs_s and msr_s macros work with
 Clang and LTO

On Mon, Apr 15, 2019 at 10:06 AM Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com> wrote:
>
> On Mon, Apr 15, 2019 at 07:38:21AM -0700, Kees Cook wrote:
> > From: Alex Matveev <alxmtvv@...il.com>
> >
> > Clang's integrated assembler does not allow assembly macros defined
> > in one inline asm block using the .macro directive to be used across
> > separate asm blocks. LLVM developers consider this a feature and not a
> > bug, recommending code refactoring:
> >
> >   https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=19749
> >
> > As binutils doesn't allow macros to be redefined, this change uses
> > UNDEFINE_MRS_S and UNDEFINE_MSR_S to define corresponding macros
> > in-place and workaround gcc and clang limitations on redefining macros
> > across different assembler blocks.
> >
> > Specifically, the current state after preprocessing looks like this:
> >
> > asm volatile(".macro mXX_s ... .endm");
> > void f()
> > {
> >       asm volatile("mXX_s a, b");
> > }
> >
> > With GCC, it gives macro redefinition error because sysreg.h is included
> > in multiple source files, and assembler code for all of them is later
> > combined for LTO (I've seen an intermediate file with hundreds of
> > identical definitions).
> >
> > With clang, it gives macro undefined error because clang doesn't allow
> > sharing macros between inline asm statements.
> >
> > I also seem to remember catching another sort of undefined error with
> > GCC due to reordering of macro definition asm statement and generated
> > asm code for function that uses the macro.
> >
> > The solution with defining and undefining for each use, while certainly
> > not elegant, satisfies both GCC and clang, LTO and non-LTO.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Alex Matveev <alxmtvv@...il.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Yury Norov <ynorov@...iumnetworks.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@...gle.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
> > ---
> > v3: split out patch as stand-alone, added more uses in irqflags,
> >     updated commit log, based on discussion in
> >     https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/851580/
> > ---
> >  arch/arm64/include/asm/irqflags.h | 12 +++++--
> >  arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_hyp.h  |  8 +++--
> >  arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h   | 55 +++++++++++++++++++++----------
> >  3 files changed, 53 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/irqflags.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/irqflags.h
> > index 43d8366c1e87..06d3987d1546 100644
> > --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/irqflags.h
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/irqflags.h
> > @@ -43,7 +43,9 @@ static inline void arch_local_irq_enable(void)
> >       asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE(
> >               "msr    daifclr, #2             // arch_local_irq_enable\n"
> >               "nop",
> > +             DEFINE_MSR_S
> >               "msr_s  " __stringify(SYS_ICC_PMR_EL1) ",%0\n"
> > +             UNDEFINE_MSR_S
>
> If we do need this, can we wrap this in a larger CPP macro that does the
> whole sequence of defining, using, and undefining the asm macros?

I agree that would be cleaner.  For example, __mrs_s/__msr_s can
ALMOST do this (be used in arch/arm64/include/asm/irqflags.h) except
for the input/output constraints.  Maybe the constraints can be
removed from the cpp macro definition, then the constraints be left to
the macro expansion sites?  That way the DEFINE_MXX_S/UNDEFINE_MXX_S
can be hidden in the cpp macro itself.

>
> It would be nice if we could simply rely on a more recent binutils these
> days, which supports the generic S<op0>_<op1>_<cn>_<Cm>_<op2> sysreg
> definition. That would mean we could get rid of the whole msr_s/mrs_s
> hack by turning that into a CPP macro which built that name.
>
> It looks like binutils has been able to do that since September 2014...
>
> Are folk using toolchains older than that to compile kernels?

Do you have a link to a commit?  If we can pinpoint the binutils
version, that might help.

Also, I look forward to this patch for use of Clang's integrated
assembler (regardless of LTO).  I remember getting frustrated trying
to figure out how to resolve this for both assemblers, and I had
forgotten this solution existed.
-- 
Thanks,
~Nick Desaulniers

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