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Date:   Fri, 26 Apr 2019 21:42:23 -0400
From:   Sasha Levin <>
Cc:     Linus Torvalds <>,
        Jann Horn <>,,
        Sasha Levin <>,
Subject: [PATCH AUTOSEL 4.14 32/32] mm: add 'try_get_page()' helper function

From: Linus Torvalds <>

[ Upstream commit 88b1a17dfc3ed7728316478fae0f5ad508f50397 ]

This is the same as the traditional 'get_page()' function, but instead
of unconditionally incrementing the reference count of the page, it only
does so if the count was "safe".  It returns whether the reference count
was incremented (and is marked __must_check, since the caller obviously
has to be aware of it).

Also like 'get_page()', you can't use this function unless you already
had a reference to the page.  The intent is that you can use this
exactly like get_page(), but in situations where you want to limit the
maximum reference count.

The code currently does an unconditional WARN_ON_ONCE() if we ever hit
the reference count issues (either zero or negative), as a notification
that the conditional non-increment actually happened.

NOTE! The count access for the "safety" check is inherently racy, but
that doesn't matter since the buffer we use is basically half the range
of the reference count (ie we look at the sign of the count).

Acked-by: Matthew Wilcox <>
Cc: Jann Horn <>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <>
 include/linux/mm.h | 9 +++++++++
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 4023819837a6..ee0eae215210 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -839,6 +839,15 @@ static inline void get_page(struct page *page)
+static inline __must_check bool try_get_page(struct page *page)
+	page = compound_head(page);
+	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(page_ref_count(page) <= 0))
+		return false;
+	page_ref_inc(page);
+	return true;
 static inline void put_page(struct page *page)
 	page = compound_head(page);

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