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Date:   Tue, 30 Apr 2019 22:20:56 +0200
From:   Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@...hat.com>
To:     Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@...el.com>
Cc:     kvm@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@...hat.com>,
        Radim Krčmář <rkrcmar@...hat.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] x86/kvm/mmu: reset MMU context when 32-bit guest switches PAE

Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@...el.com> writes:

> On Tue, Apr 30, 2019 at 07:33:26PM +0200, Vitaly Kuznetsov wrote:
>> Commit 47c42e6b4192 ("KVM: x86: fix handling of role.cr4_pae and rename it
>> to 'gpte_size'") introduced a regression: 32-bit PAE guests stopped
>
> "gpte_is_8_bytes" is really confusing in this case. :-(  Unfortunately I
> can't think I can't think of a better name that isn't ridiculously verbose.
>
>> working. The issue appears to be: when guest switches (enables) PAE we need
>> to re-initialize MMU context (set context->root_level, do
>> reset_rsvds_bits_mask(), ...) but init_kvm_tdp_mmu() doesn't do that
>> because we threw away is_pae(vcpu) flag from mmu role. Restore it to
>> kvm_mmu_extended_role (as we now don't need it in base role) to fix
>> the issue.
>
> The change makes sense, but I'm amazed that there's a kernel that can
> actually trigger the bug.  The extended role tracks CR0.PG, so I'm pretty
> sure hitting this bug requires toggling CR4.PAE *while paging is enabled*.
> Which is legal, but crazy.  E.g. my 32-bit Linux VM runs fine with and
> without PAE enabled.

Once upon a time the was an operating system called "RHEL5". Some people
think it's long gone but you know, "no one's ever really gone" :-)

>
>> Fixes: 47c42e6b4192 ("KVM: x86: fix handling of role.cr4_pae and rename it to 'gpte_size'")
>> Signed-off-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@...hat.com>
>
> Reviewed-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@...el.com>

Thanks!

>
>> ---
>> - RFC: it was proven multiple times that mmu code is more complex than it
>>   appears (at least to me) :-)
>
> LOL, maybe you're just more optimistic than most people.  Every time I
> look at the code I say something along the lines of "holy $&*#".
>

:-)

>> ---
>>  arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 1 +
>>  arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c              | 1 +
>>  2 files changed, 2 insertions(+)
>> 
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
>> index a9d03af34030..c79abe7ca093 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
>> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
>> @@ -295,6 +295,7 @@ union kvm_mmu_extended_role {
>>  		unsigned int valid:1;
>>  		unsigned int execonly:1;
>>  		unsigned int cr0_pg:1;
>> +		unsigned int cr4_pae:1;
>>  		unsigned int cr4_pse:1;
>>  		unsigned int cr4_pke:1;
>>  		unsigned int cr4_smap:1;
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
>> index e10962dfc203..d9c7b45d231f 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
>> @@ -4781,6 +4781,7 @@ static union kvm_mmu_extended_role kvm_calc_mmu_role_ext(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>  	union kvm_mmu_extended_role ext = {0};
>>  
>>  	ext.cr0_pg = !!is_paging(vcpu);
>> +	ext.cr4_pae = !!is_pae(vcpu);
>
> This got me thinking, I wonder if we can/should leave the CR4 bits clear
> if !is_paging().  Technically I think we're unnecessarily purging the MMU
> when the guest is toggling CR4 bits with CR0.PG==0.

Yes, probably. Not sure I know any performance critical use-cases with
CR0.PG==0 but who knows, maybe running hundreds of 8086 emulators IS a
thing :-)

> And I think we can
> also git rid of the oddball nx flag in struct kvm_mmu.  I'll play around
> with the code and hopefully send a patch or two.
>
>>  	ext.cr4_smep = !!kvm_read_cr4_bits(vcpu, X86_CR4_SMEP);
>>  	ext.cr4_smap = !!kvm_read_cr4_bits(vcpu, X86_CR4_SMAP);
>>  	ext.cr4_pse = !!is_pse(vcpu);
>> -- 
>> 2.20.1
>> 

-- 
Vitaly

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