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Date:   Mon, 29 Apr 2019 20:07:53 -0500
From:   Alex G <mr.nuke.me@...il.com>
To:     Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas@...nel.org>, Lukas Wunner <lukas@...ner.de>,
        Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@...hat.com>,
        Austin Bolen <austin_bolen@...l.com>,
        Alexandru Gagniuc <alex_gagniuc@...lteam.com>,
        Keith Busch <keith.busch@...el.com>,
        Shyam Iyer <Shyam_Iyer@...l.com>,
        Sinan Kaya <okaya@...nel.org>,
        Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>,
        linux-pci@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@...gle.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] Revert "PCI/LINK: Report degraded links via link
 bandwidth notification"

On 4/29/19 1:56 PM, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> From: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@...gle.com>
> 
> This reverts commit e8303bb7a75c113388badcc49b2a84b4121c1b3e.
> 
> e8303bb7a75c added logging whenever a link changed speed or width to a
> state that is considered degraded.  Unfortunately, it cannot differentiate
> signal integrity-related link changes from those intentionally initiated by
> an endpoint driver, including drivers that may live in userspace or VMs
> when making use of vfio-pci.  Some GPU drivers actively manage the link
> state to save power, which generates a stream of messages like this:
> 
>    vfio-pci 0000:07:00.0: 32.000 Gb/s available PCIe bandwidth, limited by 2.5 GT/s x16 link at 0000:00:02.0 (capable of 64.000 Gb/s with 5 GT/s x16 link)
> 
> We really *do* want to be alerted when the link bandwidth is reduced
> because of hardware failures, but degradation by intentional link state
> management is probably far more common, so the signal-to-noise ratio is
> currently low.
> 
> Until we figure out a way to identify the real problems or silence the
> intentional situations, revert the following commits, which include the
> initial implementation (e8303bb7a75c) and subsequent fixes:

I think we're overreacting to a bit of perceived verbosity in the system 
log. Intentional degradation does not seem to me to be as common as 
advertised. I have not observed this with either radeon, nouveau, or 
amdgpu, and the proper mechanism to save power at the link level is 
ASPM. I stand to be corrected and we have on CC some very knowledgeable 
fellows that I am certain will jump at the opportunity to do so.

What it seems like to me is that a proprietary driver running in a VM is 
initiating these changes. And if that is the case then it seems this is 
a virtualization problem. A quick glance over GPU drivers in linux did 
not reveal any obvious places where we intentionally downgrade a link.

I'm not convinced a revert is the best call.

Alex

>      e8303bb7a75c ("PCI/LINK: Report degraded links via link bandwidth notification")
>      3e82a7f9031f ("PCI/LINK: Supply IRQ handler so level-triggered IRQs are acked")
>      55397ce8df48 ("PCI/LINK: Clear bandwidth notification interrupt before enabling it")
>      0fa635aec9ab ("PCI/LINK: Deduplicate bandwidth reports for multi-function devices")
> 
> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/155597243666.19387.1205950870601742062.stgit@gimli.home
> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/155605909349.3575.13433421148215616375.stgit@gimli.home
> Signed-off-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@...gle.com>
> CC: Alexandru Gagniuc <mr.nuke.me@...il.com>
> CC: Lukas Wunner <lukas@...ner.de>
> CC: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@...hat.com>
> ---
>   drivers/pci/pci.h                  |   1 -
>   drivers/pci/pcie/Makefile          |   1 -
>   drivers/pci/pcie/bw_notification.c | 121 -----------------------------
>   drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv.h         |   6 +-
>   drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv_core.c    |  17 ++--
>   drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv_pci.c     |   1 -
>   drivers/pci/probe.c                |   2 +-
>   7 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 142 deletions(-)
>   delete mode 100644 drivers/pci/pcie/bw_notification.c
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci.h b/drivers/pci/pci.h
> index d994839a3e24..224d88634115 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/pci.h
> +++ b/drivers/pci/pci.h
> @@ -273,7 +273,6 @@ enum pcie_link_width pcie_get_width_cap(struct pci_dev *dev);
>   u32 pcie_bandwidth_capable(struct pci_dev *dev, enum pci_bus_speed *speed,
>   			   enum pcie_link_width *width);
>   void __pcie_print_link_status(struct pci_dev *dev, bool verbose);
> -void pcie_report_downtraining(struct pci_dev *dev);
>   
>   /* Single Root I/O Virtualization */
>   struct pci_sriov {
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/pcie/Makefile b/drivers/pci/pcie/Makefile
> index f1d7bc1e5efa..ab514083d5d4 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/pcie/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/pci/pcie/Makefile
> @@ -3,7 +3,6 @@
>   # Makefile for PCI Express features and port driver
>   
>   pcieportdrv-y			:= portdrv_core.o portdrv_pci.o err.o
> -pcieportdrv-y			+= bw_notification.o
>   
>   obj-$(CONFIG_PCIEPORTBUS)	+= pcieportdrv.o
>   
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/pcie/bw_notification.c b/drivers/pci/pcie/bw_notification.c
> deleted file mode 100644
> index 4fa9e3523ee1..000000000000
> --- a/drivers/pci/pcie/bw_notification.c
> +++ /dev/null
> @@ -1,121 +0,0 @@
> -// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> -/*
> - * PCI Express Link Bandwidth Notification services driver
> - * Author: Alexandru Gagniuc <mr.nuke.me@...il.com>
> - *
> - * Copyright (C) 2019, Dell Inc
> - *
> - * The PCIe Link Bandwidth Notification provides a way to notify the
> - * operating system when the link width or data rate changes.  This
> - * capability is required for all root ports and downstream ports
> - * supporting links wider than x1 and/or multiple link speeds.
> - *
> - * This service port driver hooks into the bandwidth notification interrupt
> - * and warns when links become degraded in operation.
> - */
> -
> -#include "../pci.h"
> -#include "portdrv.h"
> -
> -static bool pcie_link_bandwidth_notification_supported(struct pci_dev *dev)
> -{
> -	int ret;
> -	u32 lnk_cap;
> -
> -	ret = pcie_capability_read_dword(dev, PCI_EXP_LNKCAP, &lnk_cap);
> -	return (ret == PCIBIOS_SUCCESSFUL) && (lnk_cap & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP_LBNC);
> -}
> -
> -static void pcie_enable_link_bandwidth_notification(struct pci_dev *dev)
> -{
> -	u16 lnk_ctl;
> -
> -	pcie_capability_write_word(dev, PCI_EXP_LNKSTA, PCI_EXP_LNKSTA_LBMS);
> -
> -	pcie_capability_read_word(dev, PCI_EXP_LNKCTL, &lnk_ctl);
> -	lnk_ctl |= PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_LBMIE;
> -	pcie_capability_write_word(dev, PCI_EXP_LNKCTL, lnk_ctl);
> -}
> -
> -static void pcie_disable_link_bandwidth_notification(struct pci_dev *dev)
> -{
> -	u16 lnk_ctl;
> -
> -	pcie_capability_read_word(dev, PCI_EXP_LNKCTL, &lnk_ctl);
> -	lnk_ctl &= ~PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_LBMIE;
> -	pcie_capability_write_word(dev, PCI_EXP_LNKCTL, lnk_ctl);
> -}
> -
> -static irqreturn_t pcie_bw_notification_irq(int irq, void *context)
> -{
> -	struct pcie_device *srv = context;
> -	struct pci_dev *port = srv->port;
> -	u16 link_status, events;
> -	int ret;
> -
> -	ret = pcie_capability_read_word(port, PCI_EXP_LNKSTA, &link_status);
> -	events = link_status & PCI_EXP_LNKSTA_LBMS;
> -
> -	if (ret != PCIBIOS_SUCCESSFUL || !events)
> -		return IRQ_NONE;
> -
> -	pcie_capability_write_word(port, PCI_EXP_LNKSTA, events);
> -	pcie_update_link_speed(port->subordinate, link_status);
> -	return IRQ_WAKE_THREAD;
> -}
> -
> -static irqreturn_t pcie_bw_notification_handler(int irq, void *context)
> -{
> -	struct pcie_device *srv = context;
> -	struct pci_dev *port = srv->port;
> -	struct pci_dev *dev;
> -
> -	/*
> -	 * Print status from downstream devices, not this root port or
> -	 * downstream switch port.
> -	 */
> -	down_read(&pci_bus_sem);
> -	list_for_each_entry(dev, &port->subordinate->devices, bus_list)
> -		pcie_report_downtraining(dev);
> -	up_read(&pci_bus_sem);
> -
> -	return IRQ_HANDLED;
> -}
> -
> -static int pcie_bandwidth_notification_probe(struct pcie_device *srv)
> -{
> -	int ret;
> -
> -	/* Single-width or single-speed ports do not have to support this. */
> -	if (!pcie_link_bandwidth_notification_supported(srv->port))
> -		return -ENODEV;
> -
> -	ret = request_threaded_irq(srv->irq, pcie_bw_notification_irq,
> -				   pcie_bw_notification_handler,
> -				   IRQF_SHARED, "PCIe BW notif", srv);
> -	if (ret)
> -		return ret;
> -
> -	pcie_enable_link_bandwidth_notification(srv->port);
> -
> -	return 0;
> -}
> -
> -static void pcie_bandwidth_notification_remove(struct pcie_device *srv)
> -{
> -	pcie_disable_link_bandwidth_notification(srv->port);
> -	free_irq(srv->irq, srv);
> -}
> -
> -static struct pcie_port_service_driver pcie_bandwidth_notification_driver = {
> -	.name		= "pcie_bw_notification",
> -	.port_type	= PCIE_ANY_PORT,
> -	.service	= PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_BWNOTIF,
> -	.probe		= pcie_bandwidth_notification_probe,
> -	.remove		= pcie_bandwidth_notification_remove,
> -};
> -
> -int __init pcie_bandwidth_notification_init(void)
> -{
> -	return pcie_port_service_register(&pcie_bandwidth_notification_driver);
> -}
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv.h b/drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv.h
> index 1d50dc58ac40..fbbf00b0992e 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv.h
> +++ b/drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv.h
> @@ -20,10 +20,8 @@
>   #define PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_HP		(1 << PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_HP_SHIFT)
>   #define PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_DPC_SHIFT	3	/* Downstream Port Containment */
>   #define PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_DPC		(1 << PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_DPC_SHIFT)
> -#define PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_BWNOTIF_SHIFT	4	/* Bandwidth notification */
> -#define PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_BWNOTIF	(1 << PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_BWNOTIF_SHIFT)
>   
> -#define PCIE_PORT_DEVICE_MAXSERVICES   5
> +#define PCIE_PORT_DEVICE_MAXSERVICES   4
>   
>   #ifdef CONFIG_PCIEAER
>   int pcie_aer_init(void);
> @@ -49,8 +47,6 @@ int pcie_dpc_init(void);
>   static inline int pcie_dpc_init(void) { return 0; }
>   #endif
>   
> -int pcie_bandwidth_notification_init(void);
> -
>   /* Port Type */
>   #define PCIE_ANY_PORT			(~0)
>   
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv_core.c b/drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv_core.c
> index 7d04f9d087a6..f458ac9cb70c 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv_core.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv_core.c
> @@ -99,7 +99,7 @@ static int pcie_message_numbers(struct pci_dev *dev, int mask,
>    */
>   static int pcie_port_enable_irq_vec(struct pci_dev *dev, int *irqs, int mask)
>   {
> -	int nr_entries, nvec, pcie_irq;
> +	int nr_entries, nvec;
>   	u32 pme = 0, aer = 0, dpc = 0;
>   
>   	/* Allocate the maximum possible number of MSI/MSI-X vectors */
> @@ -135,13 +135,10 @@ static int pcie_port_enable_irq_vec(struct pci_dev *dev, int *irqs, int mask)
>   			return nr_entries;
>   	}
>   
> -	/* PME, hotplug and bandwidth notification share an MSI/MSI-X vector */
> -	if (mask & (PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_PME | PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_HP |
> -		    PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_BWNOTIF)) {
> -		pcie_irq = pci_irq_vector(dev, pme);
> -		irqs[PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_PME_SHIFT] = pcie_irq;
> -		irqs[PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_HP_SHIFT] = pcie_irq;
> -		irqs[PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_BWNOTIF_SHIFT] = pcie_irq;
> +	/* PME and hotplug share an MSI/MSI-X vector */
> +	if (mask & (PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_PME | PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_HP)) {
> +		irqs[PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_PME_SHIFT] = pci_irq_vector(dev, pme);
> +		irqs[PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_HP_SHIFT] = pci_irq_vector(dev, pme);
>   	}
>   
>   	if (mask & PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_AER)
> @@ -253,10 +250,6 @@ static int get_port_device_capability(struct pci_dev *dev)
>   	    pci_aer_available() && services & PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_AER)
>   		services |= PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_DPC;
>   
> -	if (pci_pcie_type(dev) == PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM ||
> -	    pci_pcie_type(dev) == PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT)
> -		services |= PCIE_PORT_SERVICE_BWNOTIF;
> -
>   	return services;
>   }
>   
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv_pci.c b/drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv_pci.c
> index 0a87091a0800..99d2abe88d0b 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv_pci.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv_pci.c
> @@ -240,7 +240,6 @@ static void __init pcie_init_services(void)
>   	pcie_pme_init();
>   	pcie_dpc_init();
>   	pcie_hp_init();
> -	pcie_bandwidth_notification_init();
>   }
>   
>   static int __init pcie_portdrv_init(void)
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/probe.c b/drivers/pci/probe.c
> index 7e12d0163863..2ec0df04e0dc 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/probe.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/probe.c
> @@ -2388,7 +2388,7 @@ static struct pci_dev *pci_scan_device(struct pci_bus *bus, int devfn)
>   	return dev;
>   }
>   
> -void pcie_report_downtraining(struct pci_dev *dev)
> +static void pcie_report_downtraining(struct pci_dev *dev)
>   {
>   	if (!pci_is_pcie(dev))
>   		return;
> 

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