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Date:   Tue, 30 Apr 2019 13:37:31 +0200
From:   Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>
To:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
        stable@...r.kernel.org, Taehee Yoo <ap420073@...il.com>,
        Florian Westphal <fw@...len.de>,
        Pablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@...filter.org>,
        Sasha Levin <sashal@...nel.org>
Subject: [PATCH 4.19 002/100] netfilter: nft_compat: make lists per netns

[ Upstream commit cf52572ebbd7189a1966c2b5fc34b97078cd1dce ]

There are two problems with nft_compat since the netlink config
plane uses a per-netns mutex:

1. Concurrent add/del accesses to the same list
2. accesses to a list element after it has been free'd already.

This patch fixes the first problem.

Freeing occurs from a work queue, after transaction mutexes have been
released, i.e., it still possible for a new transaction (even from
same net ns) to find the to-be-deleted expression in the list.

The ->destroy functions are not allowed to have any such side effects,
i.e. the list_del() in the destroy function is not allowed.

This part of the problem is solved in the next patch.
I tried to make this work by serializing list access via mutex
and by moving list_del() to a deactivate callback, but
Taehee spotted following race on this approach:

  NET #0                          NET #1
   >select_ops()
   ->init()
                                   ->select_ops()
   ->deactivate()
   ->destroy()
      nft_xt_put()
       kfree_rcu(xt, rcu_head);
                                   ->init() <-- use-after-free occurred.

Unfortunately, we can't increment reference count in
select_ops(), because we can't undo the refcount increase in
case a different expression fails in the same batch.

(The destroy hook will only be called in case the expression
 was initialized successfully).

Fixes: f102d66b335a ("netfilter: nf_tables: use dedicated mutex to guard transactions")
Reported-by: Taehee Yoo <ap420073@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: Florian Westphal <fw@...len.de>
Signed-off-by: Pablo Neira Ayuso <pablo@...filter.org>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@...nel.org>
---
 net/netfilter/nft_compat.c | 129 +++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
 1 file changed, 89 insertions(+), 40 deletions(-)

diff --git a/net/netfilter/nft_compat.c b/net/netfilter/nft_compat.c
index 24ec9552e126..61c098555507 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/nft_compat.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/nft_compat.c
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@
 #include <linux/netfilter_bridge/ebtables.h>
 #include <linux/netfilter_arp/arp_tables.h>
 #include <net/netfilter/nf_tables.h>
+#include <net/netns/generic.h>
 
 struct nft_xt {
 	struct list_head	head;
@@ -43,6 +44,20 @@ struct nft_xt_match_priv {
 	void *info;
 };
 
+struct nft_compat_net {
+	struct list_head nft_target_list;
+	struct list_head nft_match_list;
+};
+
+static unsigned int nft_compat_net_id __read_mostly;
+static struct nft_expr_type nft_match_type;
+static struct nft_expr_type nft_target_type;
+
+static struct nft_compat_net *nft_compat_pernet(struct net *net)
+{
+	return net_generic(net, nft_compat_net_id);
+}
+
 static bool nft_xt_put(struct nft_xt *xt)
 {
 	if (refcount_dec_and_test(&xt->refcnt)) {
@@ -715,10 +730,6 @@ static const struct nfnetlink_subsystem nfnl_compat_subsys = {
 	.cb		= nfnl_nft_compat_cb,
 };
 
-static LIST_HEAD(nft_match_list);
-
-static struct nft_expr_type nft_match_type;
-
 static bool nft_match_cmp(const struct xt_match *match,
 			  const char *name, u32 rev, u32 family)
 {
@@ -730,6 +741,7 @@ static const struct nft_expr_ops *
 nft_match_select_ops(const struct nft_ctx *ctx,
 		     const struct nlattr * const tb[])
 {
+	struct nft_compat_net *cn;
 	struct nft_xt *nft_match;
 	struct xt_match *match;
 	unsigned int matchsize;
@@ -746,8 +758,10 @@ nft_match_select_ops(const struct nft_ctx *ctx,
 	rev = ntohl(nla_get_be32(tb[NFTA_MATCH_REV]));
 	family = ctx->family;
 
+	cn = nft_compat_pernet(ctx->net);
+
 	/* Re-use the existing match if it's already loaded. */
-	list_for_each_entry(nft_match, &nft_match_list, head) {
+	list_for_each_entry(nft_match, &cn->nft_match_list, head) {
 		struct xt_match *match = nft_match->ops.data;
 
 		if (nft_match_cmp(match, mt_name, rev, family))
@@ -791,7 +805,7 @@ nft_match_select_ops(const struct nft_ctx *ctx,
 
 	nft_match->ops.size = matchsize;
 
-	list_add(&nft_match->head, &nft_match_list);
+	list_add(&nft_match->head, &cn->nft_match_list);
 
 	return &nft_match->ops;
 err:
@@ -807,10 +821,6 @@ static struct nft_expr_type nft_match_type __read_mostly = {
 	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
 };
 
-static LIST_HEAD(nft_target_list);
-
-static struct nft_expr_type nft_target_type;
-
 static bool nft_target_cmp(const struct xt_target *tg,
 			   const char *name, u32 rev, u32 family)
 {
@@ -822,6 +832,7 @@ static const struct nft_expr_ops *
 nft_target_select_ops(const struct nft_ctx *ctx,
 		      const struct nlattr * const tb[])
 {
+	struct nft_compat_net *cn;
 	struct nft_xt *nft_target;
 	struct xt_target *target;
 	char *tg_name;
@@ -842,8 +853,9 @@ nft_target_select_ops(const struct nft_ctx *ctx,
 	    strcmp(tg_name, "standard") == 0)
 		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
 
+	cn = nft_compat_pernet(ctx->net);
 	/* Re-use the existing target if it's already loaded. */
-	list_for_each_entry(nft_target, &nft_target_list, head) {
+	list_for_each_entry(nft_target, &cn->nft_target_list, head) {
 		struct xt_target *target = nft_target->ops.data;
 
 		if (!target->target)
@@ -888,7 +900,7 @@ nft_target_select_ops(const struct nft_ctx *ctx,
 	else
 		nft_target->ops.eval = nft_target_eval_xt;
 
-	list_add(&nft_target->head, &nft_target_list);
+	list_add(&nft_target->head, &cn->nft_target_list);
 
 	return &nft_target->ops;
 err:
@@ -904,13 +916,74 @@ static struct nft_expr_type nft_target_type __read_mostly = {
 	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
 };
 
+static int __net_init nft_compat_init_net(struct net *net)
+{
+	struct nft_compat_net *cn = nft_compat_pernet(net);
+
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cn->nft_target_list);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cn->nft_match_list);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void __net_exit nft_compat_exit_net(struct net *net)
+{
+	struct nft_compat_net *cn = nft_compat_pernet(net);
+	struct nft_xt *xt, *next;
+
+	if (list_empty(&cn->nft_match_list) &&
+	    list_empty(&cn->nft_target_list))
+		return;
+
+	/* If there was an error that caused nft_xt expr to not be initialized
+	 * fully and noone else requested the same expression later, the lists
+	 * contain 0-refcount entries that still hold module reference.
+	 *
+	 * Clean them here.
+	 */
+	mutex_lock(&net->nft.commit_mutex);
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(xt, next, &cn->nft_target_list, head) {
+		struct xt_target *target = xt->ops.data;
+
+		list_del_init(&xt->head);
+
+		if (refcount_read(&xt->refcnt))
+			continue;
+		module_put(target->me);
+		kfree(xt);
+	}
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(xt, next, &cn->nft_match_list, head) {
+		struct xt_match *match = xt->ops.data;
+
+		list_del_init(&xt->head);
+
+		if (refcount_read(&xt->refcnt))
+			continue;
+		module_put(match->me);
+		kfree(xt);
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&net->nft.commit_mutex);
+}
+
+static struct pernet_operations nft_compat_net_ops = {
+	.init	= nft_compat_init_net,
+	.exit	= nft_compat_exit_net,
+	.id	= &nft_compat_net_id,
+	.size	= sizeof(struct nft_compat_net),
+};
+
 static int __init nft_compat_module_init(void)
 {
 	int ret;
 
+	ret = register_pernet_subsys(&nft_compat_net_ops);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		goto err_target;
+
 	ret = nft_register_expr(&nft_match_type);
 	if (ret < 0)
-		return ret;
+		goto err_pernet;
 
 	ret = nft_register_expr(&nft_target_type);
 	if (ret < 0)
@@ -923,45 +996,21 @@ static int __init nft_compat_module_init(void)
 	}
 
 	return ret;
-
 err_target:
 	nft_unregister_expr(&nft_target_type);
 err_match:
 	nft_unregister_expr(&nft_match_type);
+err_pernet:
+	unregister_pernet_subsys(&nft_compat_net_ops);
 	return ret;
 }
 
 static void __exit nft_compat_module_exit(void)
 {
-	struct nft_xt *xt, *next;
-
-	/* list should be empty here, it can be non-empty only in case there
-	 * was an error that caused nft_xt expr to not be initialized fully
-	 * and noone else requested the same expression later.
-	 *
-	 * In this case, the lists contain 0-refcount entries that still
-	 * hold module reference.
-	 */
-	list_for_each_entry_safe(xt, next, &nft_target_list, head) {
-		struct xt_target *target = xt->ops.data;
-
-		if (WARN_ON_ONCE(refcount_read(&xt->refcnt)))
-			continue;
-		module_put(target->me);
-		kfree(xt);
-	}
-
-	list_for_each_entry_safe(xt, next, &nft_match_list, head) {
-		struct xt_match *match = xt->ops.data;
-
-		if (WARN_ON_ONCE(refcount_read(&xt->refcnt)))
-			continue;
-		module_put(match->me);
-		kfree(xt);
-	}
 	nfnetlink_subsys_unregister(&nfnl_compat_subsys);
 	nft_unregister_expr(&nft_target_type);
 	nft_unregister_expr(&nft_match_type);
+	unregister_pernet_subsys(&nft_compat_net_ops);
 }
 
 MODULE_ALIAS_NFNL_SUBSYS(NFNL_SUBSYS_NFT_COMPAT);
-- 
2.19.1



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