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Date:   Tue, 30 Apr 2019 13:07:32 +1000
From:   "Tobin C. Harding" <tobin@...nel.org>
To:     Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
Cc:     "Tobin C. Harding" <tobin@...nel.org>,
        Roman Gushchin <guro@...com>,
        Alexander Viro <viro@....linux.org.uk>,
        Christoph Hellwig <hch@...radead.org>,
        Pekka Enberg <penberg@...helsinki.fi>,
        David Rientjes <rientjes@...gle.com>,
        Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@....com>,
        Christopher Lameter <cl@...ux.com>,
        Matthew Wilcox <willy@...radead.org>,
        Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@...hat.com>,
        Andreas Dilger <adilger@...ger.ca>,
        Waiman Long <longman@...hat.com>,
        Tycho Andersen <tycho@...ho.ws>,
        "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@....edu>, Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>,
        David Chinner <david@...morbit.com>,
        Nick Piggin <npiggin@...il.com>,
        Rik van Riel <riel@...hat.com>,
        Hugh Dickins <hughd@...gle.com>,
        Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>, linux-mm@...ck.org,
        linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [RFC PATCH v4 01/15] slub: Add isolate() and migrate() methods

Add the two methods needed for moving objects and enable the display of
the callbacks via the /sys/kernel/slab interface.

Add documentation explaining the use of these methods and the prototypes
for slab.h. Add functions to setup the callbacks method for a slab
cache.

Add empty functions for SLAB/SLOB. The API is generic so it could be
theoretically implemented for these allocators as well.

Change sysfs 'ctor' field to be 'ops' to contain all the callback
operations defined for a slab cache.  Display the existing 'ctor'
callback in the ops fields contents along with 'isolate' and 'migrate'
callbacks.

Co-developed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@...ux.com>
Signed-off-by: Tobin C. Harding <tobin@...nel.org>
---
 include/linux/slab.h     | 70 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/slub_def.h |  3 ++
 mm/slub.c                | 59 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 3 files changed, 126 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/slab.h b/include/linux/slab.h
index 9449b19c5f10..886fc130334d 100644
--- a/include/linux/slab.h
+++ b/include/linux/slab.h
@@ -154,6 +154,76 @@ void memcg_create_kmem_cache(struct mem_cgroup *, struct kmem_cache *);
 void memcg_deactivate_kmem_caches(struct mem_cgroup *);
 void memcg_destroy_kmem_caches(struct mem_cgroup *);
 
+/*
+ * Function prototypes passed to kmem_cache_setup_mobility() to enable
+ * mobile objects and targeted reclaim in slab caches.
+ */
+
+/**
+ * typedef kmem_cache_isolate_func - Object migration callback function.
+ * @s: The cache we are working on.
+ * @ptr: Pointer to an array of pointers to the objects to isolate.
+ * @nr: Number of objects in @ptr array.
+ *
+ * The purpose of kmem_cache_isolate_func() is to pin each object so that
+ * they cannot be freed until kmem_cache_migrate_func() has processed
+ * them. This may be accomplished by increasing the refcount or setting
+ * a flag.
+ *
+ * The object pointer array passed is also passed to
+ * kmem_cache_migrate_func().  The function may remove objects from the
+ * array by setting pointers to %NULL. This is useful if we can
+ * determine that an object is being freed because
+ * kmem_cache_isolate_func() was called when the subsystem was calling
+ * kmem_cache_free().  In that case it is not necessary to increase the
+ * refcount or specially mark the object because the release of the slab
+ * lock will lead to the immediate freeing of the object.
+ *
+ * Context: Called with locks held so that the slab objects cannot be
+ *          freed.  We are in an atomic context and no slab operations
+ *          may be performed.
+ * Return: A pointer that is passed to the migrate function. If any
+ *         objects cannot be touched at this point then the pointer may
+ *         indicate a failure and then the migration function can simply
+ *         remove the references that were already obtained. The private
+ *         data could be used to track the objects that were already pinned.
+ */
+typedef void *kmem_cache_isolate_func(struct kmem_cache *s, void **ptr, int nr);
+
+/**
+ * typedef kmem_cache_migrate_func - Object migration callback function.
+ * @s: The cache we are working on.
+ * @ptr: Pointer to an array of pointers to the objects to migrate.
+ * @nr: Number of objects in @ptr array.
+ * @node: The NUMA node where the object should be allocated.
+ * @private: The pointer returned by kmem_cache_isolate_func().
+ *
+ * This function is responsible for migrating objects.  Typically, for
+ * each object in the input array you will want to allocate an new
+ * object, copy the original object, update any pointers, and free the
+ * old object.
+ *
+ * After this function returns all pointers to the old object should now
+ * point to the new object.
+ *
+ * Context: Called with no locks held and interrupts enabled.  Sleeping
+ *          is possible.  Any operation may be performed.
+ */
+typedef void kmem_cache_migrate_func(struct kmem_cache *s, void **ptr,
+				     int nr, int node, void *private);
+
+/*
+ * kmem_cache_setup_mobility() is used to setup callbacks for a slab cache.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_SLUB
+void kmem_cache_setup_mobility(struct kmem_cache *, kmem_cache_isolate_func,
+			       kmem_cache_migrate_func);
+#else
+static inline void
+kmem_cache_setup_mobility(struct kmem_cache *s, kmem_cache_isolate_func isolate,
+			  kmem_cache_migrate_func migrate) {}
+#endif
+
 /*
  * Please use this macro to create slab caches. Simply specify the
  * name of the structure and maybe some flags that are listed above.
diff --git a/include/linux/slub_def.h b/include/linux/slub_def.h
index d2153789bd9f..2879a2f5f8eb 100644
--- a/include/linux/slub_def.h
+++ b/include/linux/slub_def.h
@@ -99,6 +99,9 @@ struct kmem_cache {
 	gfp_t allocflags;	/* gfp flags to use on each alloc */
 	int refcount;		/* Refcount for slab cache destroy */
 	void (*ctor)(void *);
+	kmem_cache_isolate_func *isolate;
+	kmem_cache_migrate_func *migrate;
+
 	unsigned int inuse;		/* Offset to metadata */
 	unsigned int align;		/* Alignment */
 	unsigned int red_left_pad;	/* Left redzone padding size */
diff --git a/mm/slub.c b/mm/slub.c
index d30ede89f4a6..ae44d640b8c1 100644
--- a/mm/slub.c
+++ b/mm/slub.c
@@ -4326,6 +4326,33 @@ int __kmem_cache_create(struct kmem_cache *s, slab_flags_t flags)
 	return err;
 }
 
+void kmem_cache_setup_mobility(struct kmem_cache *s,
+			       kmem_cache_isolate_func isolate,
+			       kmem_cache_migrate_func migrate)
+{
+	/*
+	 * Mobile objects must have a ctor otherwise the object may be
+	 * in an undefined state on allocation.  Since the object may
+	 * need to be inspected by the migration function at any time
+	 * after allocation we must ensure that the object always has a
+	 * defined state.
+	 */
+	if (!s->ctor) {
+		pr_err("%s: require constructor to setup mobility\n", s->name);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	s->isolate = isolate;
+	s->migrate = migrate;
+
+	/*
+	 * Sadly serialization requirements currently mean that we have
+	 * to disable fast cmpxchg based processing.
+	 */
+	s->flags &= ~__CMPXCHG_DOUBLE;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_setup_mobility);
+
 void *__kmalloc_track_caller(size_t size, gfp_t gfpflags, unsigned long caller)
 {
 	struct kmem_cache *s;
@@ -5010,13 +5037,33 @@ static ssize_t cpu_partial_store(struct kmem_cache *s, const char *buf,
 }
 SLAB_ATTR(cpu_partial);
 
-static ssize_t ctor_show(struct kmem_cache *s, char *buf)
+static int op_show(char *buf, const char *txt, unsigned long addr)
 {
-	if (!s->ctor)
-		return 0;
-	return sprintf(buf, "%pS\n", s->ctor);
+	int x = 0;
+
+	x += sprintf(buf, "%s : ", txt);
+	x += sprint_symbol(buf + x, addr);
+	x += sprintf(buf + x, "\n");
+
+	return x;
+}
+
+static ssize_t ops_show(struct kmem_cache *s, char *buf)
+{
+	int x = 0;
+
+	if (s->ctor)
+		x += op_show(buf + x, "ctor", (unsigned long)s->ctor);
+
+	if (s->isolate)
+		x += op_show(buf + x, "isolate", (unsigned long)s->isolate);
+
+	if (s->migrate)
+		x += op_show(buf + x, "migrate", (unsigned long)s->migrate);
+
+	return x;
 }
-SLAB_ATTR_RO(ctor);
+SLAB_ATTR_RO(ops);
 
 static ssize_t aliases_show(struct kmem_cache *s, char *buf)
 {
@@ -5429,7 +5476,7 @@ static struct attribute *slab_attrs[] = {
 	&objects_partial_attr.attr,
 	&partial_attr.attr,
 	&cpu_slabs_attr.attr,
-	&ctor_attr.attr,
+	&ops_attr.attr,
 	&aliases_attr.attr,
 	&align_attr.attr,
 	&hwcache_align_attr.attr,
-- 
2.21.0

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