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Date:   Thu, 16 May 2019 22:48:16 +0300
From:   Jani Nikula <jani.nikula@...el.com>
To:     linux-kbuild@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, intel-gfx@...ts.freedesktop.org,
        jani.nikula@...el.com, Chris Wilson <chris@...is-wilson.co.uk>,
        Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@...ionext.com>,
        Michal Marek <michal.lkml@...kovi.net>
Subject: [RFC 1/3] kbuild: add support for ensuring headers are self-contained

Sometimes it's useful to be able to explicitly ensure certain headers
remain self-contained, i.e. that they are compilable as standalone
units, by including and/or forward declaring everything they depend on.

Add special target header-test-y where individual Makefiles can add
headers to be tested if CONFIG_HEADER_TEST is enabled. This will
generate a dummy C file per header that gets built as part of extra-y.

Cc: Chris Wilson <chris@...is-wilson.co.uk>
Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@...ionext.com>
Cc: Michal Marek <michal.lkml@...kovi.net>
Signed-off-by: Jani Nikula <jani.nikula@...el.com>
---
 Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt |  7 +++++++
 init/Kconfig                       |  9 +++++++++
 scripts/Makefile.build             | 10 ++++++++++
 scripts/Makefile.lib               |  3 +++
 4 files changed, 29 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt b/Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt
index 03c065855eaf..73df58e5ea0c 100644
--- a/Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt
@@ -1036,6 +1036,13 @@ When kbuild executes, the following steps are followed (roughly):
 	In this example, extra-y is used to list object files that
 	shall be built, but shall not be linked as part of built-in.a.
 
+    header-test-y
+
+	header-test-y specifies headers (*.h) in the current directory that
+	should be compile tested to ensure they are self-contained,
+	i.e. compilable as standalone units. If CONFIG_HEADER_TEST is enabled,
+	this autogenerates dummy sources to include the headers, and builds them
+	as part of extra-y.
 
 --- 6.7 Commands useful for building a boot image
 
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index 4592bf7997c0..d91b157201b1 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -95,6 +95,15 @@ config COMPILE_TEST
 	  here. If you are a user/distributor, say N here to exclude useless
 	  drivers to be distributed.
 
+config HEADER_TEST
+	bool "Compile test headers that should be standalone compilable"
+	help
+	  Compile test headers listed in header-test-y target to ensure they are
+	  self-contained, i.e. compilable as standalone units.
+
+	  If you are a developer or tester and want to ensure the requested
+	  headers are self-contained, say Y here. Otherwise, choose N.
+
 config LOCALVERSION
 	string "Local version - append to kernel release"
 	help
diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.build b/scripts/Makefile.build
index 76ca30cc4791..4d4bf698467a 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.build
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.build
@@ -291,6 +291,16 @@ quiet_cmd_cc_lst_c = MKLST   $@
 $(obj)/%.lst: $(src)/%.c FORCE
 	$(call if_changed_dep,cc_lst_c)
 
+# Dummy C sources for header test (header-test-y target)
+# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+quiet_cmd_header_test = HDRTEST $@
+      cmd_header_test = echo "\#include \"$(<F)\"" > $@
+
+# FIXME: would be nice to be able to limit this implicit rule to header-test-y
+$(obj)/%.header_test.c: $(src)/%.h FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,header_test)
+
 # Compile assembler sources (.S)
 # ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.lib b/scripts/Makefile.lib
index 8a1f64f17740..c2839de06485 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.lib
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.lib
@@ -66,6 +66,9 @@ extra-y += $(patsubst %.dtb,%.dt.yaml, $(dtb-y))
 extra-$(CONFIG_OF_ALL_DTBS) += $(patsubst %.dtb,%.dt.yaml, $(dtb-))
 endif
 
+# Test self-contained headers
+extra-$(CONFIG_HEADER_TEST) += $(patsubst %.h,%.header_test.o,$(header-test-y))
+
 # Add subdir path
 
 extra-y		:= $(addprefix $(obj)/,$(extra-y))
-- 
2.20.1

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