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Date:   Wed, 22 May 2019 14:39:56 -0400 (EDT)
From:   Alan Stern <>
To:     Bjorn Helgaas <>
cc:     Kai Heng Feng <>,
        Rafael Wysocki <>,
        <>, LKML <>,
        Mathias Nyman <>,
Subject: Re: [PATCH] PCI / PM: Don't runtime suspend when device only supports
 wakeup from D0

On Wed, 22 May 2019, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:

> On Wed, May 22, 2019 at 11:46:25PM +0800, Kai Heng Feng wrote:
> > > On May 22, 2019, at 9:48 PM, Bjorn Helgaas <> wrote:
> > > On Wed, May 22, 2019 at 11:42:14AM +0800, Kai Heng Feng wrote:
> > >> at 6:23 AM, Bjorn Helgaas <> wrote:
> > >>> On Wed, May 22, 2019 at 12:31:04AM +0800, Kai-Heng Feng wrote:
> > >>>> There's an xHC device that doesn't wake when a USB device gets plugged
> > >>>> to its USB port. The driver's own runtime suspend callback was called,
> > >>>> PME signaling was enabled, but it stays at PCI D0.
> > > ...
> > > And I guess this patch basically means we wouldn't call the driver's
> > > suspend callback if we're merely going to stay at D0, so the driver
> > > would have no idea anything happened.  That might match
> > > Documentation/power/pci.txt better, because it suggests that the
> > > suspend callback is related to putting a device in a low-power state,
> > > and D0 is not a low-power state.
> > 
> > Yes, the patch is to let the device stay at D0 and don’t run driver’s own
> > runtime suspend routine.
> > 
> > I guess I’ll just proceed to send a V2 with updated commit message?
> Now that I understand what "runtime suspended to D0" means, help me
> understand what's actually wrong.

Kai's point is that the xhci-hcd driver thinks the device is now in 
runtime suspend, because the runtime_suspend method has been executed.  
But in fact the device is still in D0, and as a result, PME signalling 
may not work correctly.

On the other hand, it wasn't clear from the patch description whether
this actually causes a problem on real systems.  The description only
said that the problem was theoretical.

> The PCI core apparently *does* enable PME when we "suspend to D0".
> But somehow calling the xHCI runtime suspend callback makes the driver
> unable to notice when the PME is signaled?

According to Kai, PME signalling doesn't work in D0 -- or at least, it
is _documented_ not to work in D0 -- even though it is enabled and the
device claims to support it.

In any case, I don't really see any point in "runtime suspending" a 
device while leaving it in D0.  We might as well just leave it alone.

Alan Stern

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