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Date:   Sun, 26 May 2019 17:32:28 +0100
From:   Jonathan Cameron <jic23@...nel.org>
To:     Stefan Popa <stefan.popa@...log.com>
Cc:     <Michael.Hennerich@...log.com>, <knaack.h@....de>,
        <lars@...afoo.de>, <pmeerw@...erw.net>,
        <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>, <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        <linux-iio@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 1/2] iio: frequency: adf4371: Add support for ADF4371
 PLL

On Fri, 24 May 2019 11:40:10 +0300
Stefan Popa <stefan.popa@...log.com> wrote:

> The ADF4371 is a frequency synthesizer with an integrated voltage
> controlled oscillator (VCO) for phase-locked loops (PLLs). The ADF4371
> has an integrated VCO with a fundamental output frequency ranging from
> 4000 MHz to 8000 MHz. In addition, the VCO frequency is connected to
> divide by 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, or 64 circuits that allows the user to
> generate radio frequency (RF) output frequencies as low as 62.5 MHz at
> RF8x. A frequency multiplier at RF16x generates from 8 GHz to 16 GHz. A
> frequency quadrupler generates frequencies from 16 GHz to 32 GHz at RF32x.
> RFAUX8x duplicates the frequency range of RF8x or permits direct access to
> the VCO output.
> 
> The driver takes the reference input frequency from the device tree and
> uses it to calculate and maximize the PFD frequency (frequency of the phase
> frequency detector). The PFD frequency is further used to calculate the
> timeouts: synthesizer lock, VCO band selection, automatic level
> calibration (ALC) and PLL settling time.
> 
> This initial driver exposes the attributes for setting the frequency and
> enabling/disabling the different adf4371 channels.
> 
> Datasheet:
> Link: https://www.analog.com/media/en/technical-documentation/data-sheets/adf4371.pdf
> 
> Signed-off-by: Stefan Popa <stefan.popa@...log.com>

Hi Stefan,

Mostly comments around the documentation, but a couple of really minor bits in the
actual driver code as well.

This is a bit of an odd device to describe as we have 4 channels which are all
very tightly coupled.  I guess it makes sense to describe them separately
as a user may well only be interested in the value of one of them but it does
lead to a messy interface.  The use of extended_name has all the usual issues
with generic userspace code.  I suppose we could argue this one is near impossible
to address in a generic fashion given how interconnected the channels are...

So it may just be a case of tightening up the documentation a little further
rather than anything larger.  I do want those docs to stand on their own without
requiring the datasheet and that isn't (to my eye) true yet.

Jonathan
> ---
> Changes in v2:
> 	- Added a new sysfs-bus-iio-frequency-adf4371 file which documents the ABI
> 	  changes.
> 	- Modified the ADF4371_REG() macro to take the reg values in hex as params
> 	- ADF4371_MAX_MODULUS2 macro is now defined as BIT(14)
> 	- regmap_bulk_write() can't do DMA directly, so the buffer was forced into
Too many negatives. It 'can' do DMA directly hence the need for a separate cacheline.

> 	  it's own cacheline.
> 	- Fixed the multi line comment style.
> 
>  .../ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-frequency-adf4371    |  33 ++
>  drivers/iio/frequency/Kconfig                      |  10 +
>  drivers/iio/frequency/Makefile                     |   1 +
>  drivers/iio/frequency/adf4371.c                    | 572 +++++++++++++++++++++
>  4 files changed, 616 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-frequency-adf4371
>  create mode 100644 drivers/iio/frequency/adf4371.c
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-frequency-adf4371 b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-frequency-adf4371
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..37733eb
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-frequency-adf4371
> @@ -0,0 +1,33 @@
> +What:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/out_altvoltage_rf8_frequency
> +What:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/out_altvoltage_rfaux8_frequency
> +KernelVersion:
> +Contact:	linux-iio@...r.kernel.org
> +Description:
> +		Stores the PLL frequency in Hz for channels RF8x and RFAUX8x respectively.
> +		Reading returns the actual frequency in Hz. RF output frequency range
> +		for this channels: 62500000 Hz to 8000000000 Hz. RFAUX8x duplicates the frequency
> +		range of RF8x or permits direct access to the VCO output.
I'm finding this a bit confusing.  Does it take the same value as RF8x or has separate
controls that have the same range?

As for the VCO output or the other, probably should say how it is set.  Right now
I'm not seeing that in the code at all. I 'think' all we have is the ability to set
a single frequency for both of these channels.  If that's the case why do we want to
represent them both at all?

> +
> +What:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/out_altvoltage_rf16_frequency
> +KernelVersion:
> +Contact:	linux-iio@...r.kernel.org
> +Description:
> +		Stores the PLL frequency in Hz for channel RF16x. Reading returns the actual
> +		frequency in Hz. RF16 generates frequencies from 8000000000 Hz to 16000000000 Hz

I think this will be effected by writes to the other frequencies. Given this is
a device specific file, it is good to describe that.

> +
> +What:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/out_altvoltage_rf32_frequency
> +KernelVersion:
> +Contact:	linux-iio@...r.kernel.org
> +Description:
> +		Stores the PLL frequency in Hz for channel RF32x. Reading returns the actual
> +		frequency in Hz. RF32x generates frequencies from 16000000000 Hz to 32000000000 Hz
> +
> +What:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/out_altvoltage_rf8_powerdown
> +What:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/out_altvoltage_rfaux8_powerdown
> +What:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/out_altvoltage_rf16_powerdown
> +What:		/sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/out_altvoltage_rf32_powerdown
> +KernelVersion:
> +Contact:	linux-iio@...r.kernel.org
> +Description:
> +		This attribute allows the user to power down the PLL and it's RFOut buffers.
> +		Writing 1 causes the specified channel to power down. Clearing returns to normal operation.

The separate powerdown on the rfaux8 is the only reason I can currently see to have it
explicitly supported at all.  That channel is a bit odd in general as it's not really
'aux' but just another channel.  Still I suppose that naming is as good as any
other.

For other reasons, I'm looking at exposing datasheet name as a separate
attribute for every channel that has it specified.  Doing that might just allow
you to treat these as for normal indexed channels and use that as a 'hint'
for which is which.

> diff --git a/drivers/iio/frequency/Kconfig b/drivers/iio/frequency/Kconfig
> index dc5e0b7..e4a921f 100644
> --- a/drivers/iio/frequency/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/iio/frequency/Kconfig
> @@ -38,5 +38,15 @@ config ADF4350
>  	  To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
>  	  module will be called adf4350.
>  
> +config ADF4371
> +	tristate "Analog Devices ADF4371 Wideband Synthesizer"
> +	depends on SPI
> +	select REGMAP_SPI
> +	help
> +	  Say yes here to build support for Analog Devices  ADF4371
> +	  Wideband Synthesizer. The driver provides direct access via sysfs.
> +
> +	  To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
> +	  module will be called adf4371.
>  endmenu
>  endmenu
> diff --git a/drivers/iio/frequency/Makefile b/drivers/iio/frequency/Makefile
> index 2bca03f..2ddda77 100644
> --- a/drivers/iio/frequency/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/iio/frequency/Makefile
> @@ -5,3 +5,4 @@
>  # When adding new entries keep the list in alphabetical order
>  obj-$(CONFIG_AD9523) += ad9523.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_ADF4350) += adf4350.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_ADF4371) += adf4371.o
> diff --git a/drivers/iio/frequency/adf4371.c b/drivers/iio/frequency/adf4371.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..2f8a9cf
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/iio/frequency/adf4371.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,572 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * Analog Devices ADF4371 SPI Wideband Synthesizer driver
> + *
> + * Copyright 2019 Analog Devices Inc.
> + */
> +#include <linux/bitfield.h>
> +#include <linux/clk.h>
> +#include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/err.h>
> +#include <linux/gcd.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/regmap.h>
> +#include <linux/sysfs.h>
> +#include <linux/spi/spi.h>
> +
> +#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
> +
> +/* Registers address macro */
> +#define ADF4371_REG(x)			(x)
> +
> +/* ADF4371_REG0 */
> +#define ADF4371_ADDR_ASC_MSK		BIT(2)
> +#define ADF4371_ADDR_ASC(x)		FIELD_PREP(ADF4371_ADDR_ASC_MSK, x)
> +#define ADF4371_ADDR_ASC_R_MSK		BIT(5)
> +#define ADF4371_ADDR_ASC_R(x)		FIELD_PREP(ADF4371_ADDR_ASC_R_MSK, x)
> +#define ADF4371_RESET_CMD		0x81
> +
> +/* ADF4371_REG17 */
> +#define ADF4371_FRAC2WORD_L_MSK		GENMASK(7, 1)
> +#define ADF4371_FRAC2WORD_L(x)		FIELD_PREP(ADF4371_FRAC2WORD_L_MSK, x)
> +#define ADF4371_FRAC1WORD_MSK		BIT(0)
> +#define ADF4371_FRAC1WORD(x)		FIELD_PREP(ADF4371_FRAC1WORD_MSK, x)
> +
> +/* ADF4371_REG18 */
> +#define ADF4371_FRAC2WORD_H_MSK		GENMASK(6, 0)
> +#define ADF4371_FRAC2WORD_H(x)		FIELD_PREP(ADF4371_FRAC2WORD_H_MSK, x)
> +
> +/* ADF4371_REG1A */
> +#define ADF4371_MOD2WORD_MSK		GENMASK(5, 0)
> +#define ADF4371_MOD2WORD(x)		FIELD_PREP(ADF4371_MOD2WORD_MSK, x)
> +
> +/* ADF4371_REG24 */
> +#define ADF4371_RF_DIV_SEL_MSK		GENMASK(6, 4)
> +#define ADF4371_RF_DIV_SEL(x)		FIELD_PREP(ADF4371_RF_DIV_SEL_MSK, x)
> +
> +/* ADF4371_REG32 */
> +#define ADF4371_TIMEOUT_MSK		GENMASK(1, 0)
> +#define ADF4371_TIMEOUT(x)		FIELD_PREP(ADF4371_TIMEOUT_MSK, x)
> +
> +/* ADF4371_REG34 */
> +#define ADF4371_VCO_ALC_TOUT_MSK	GENMASK(4, 0)
> +#define ADF4371_VCO_ALC_TOUT(x)		FIELD_PREP(ADF4371_VCO_ALC_TOUT_MSK, x)
> +
> +/* Specifications */
> +#define ADF4371_MIN_VCO_FREQ		4000000000ULL /* 4000 MHz */
> +#define ADF4371_MAX_VCO_FREQ		8000000000ULL /* 8000 MHz */
> +#define ADF4371_MAX_OUT_RF8_FREQ	ADF4371_MAX_VCO_FREQ /* Hz */
> +#define ADF4371_MIN_OUT_RF8_FREQ	(ADF4371_MIN_VCO_FREQ / 64) /* Hz */
> +#define ADF4371_MAX_OUT_RF16_FREQ	(ADF4371_MAX_VCO_FREQ * 2) /* Hz */
> +#define ADF4371_MIN_OUT_RF16_FREQ	(ADF4371_MIN_VCO_FREQ * 2) /* Hz */
> +#define ADF4371_MAX_OUT_RF32_FREQ	(ADF4371_MAX_VCO_FREQ * 4) /* Hz */
> +#define ADF4371_MIN_OUT_RF32_FREQ	(ADF4371_MIN_VCO_FREQ * 4) /* Hz */
> +
> +#define ADF4371_MAX_FREQ_PFD		250000000UL /* Hz */
> +#define ADF4371_MAX_FREQ_REFIN		600000000UL /* Hz */
> +
> +/* MOD1 is a 24-bit primary modulus with fixed value of 2^25 */
> +#define ADF4371_MODULUS1		33554432ULL
> +/* MOD2 is the programmable, 14-bit auxiliary fractional modulus */
> +#define ADF4371_MAX_MODULUS2		BIT(14)
> +
> +#define ADF4371_CHECK_RANGE(freq, range) \
> +	((freq > ADF4371_MAX_ ## range) || (freq < ADF4371_MIN_ ## range))
> +
> +enum {
> +	ADF4371_FREQ,
> +	ADF4371_POWER_DOWN
> +};
> +
> +enum {
> +	ADF4371_CH_RF8,
> +	ADF4371_CH_RF16,
> +	ADF4371_CH_RF32,
> +	ADF4371_CH_RFAUX8
> +};
> +
> +struct adf4371_pwrdown {
> +	unsigned int reg;
> +	unsigned int bit;
> +};
> +
> +static const struct adf4371_pwrdown adf4371_pwrdown_ch[4] = {
> +	[ADF4371_CH_RF8] = { ADF4371_REG(0x25), 2 },
> +	[ADF4371_CH_RF16] = { ADF4371_REG(0x25), 3 },
> +	[ADF4371_CH_RF32] = { ADF4371_REG(0x25), 4 },
> +	[ADF4371_CH_RFAUX8] = { ADF4371_REG(0x72), 3 }
> +};
> +
> +static const struct reg_sequence adf4371_reg_defaults[] = {
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x0),  0x18 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x12), 0x40 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x1E), 0x48 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x20), 0x14 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x22), 0x00 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x23), 0x00 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x24), 0x80 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x25), 0x07 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x27), 0xC5 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x28), 0x83 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x2C), 0x44 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x2D), 0x11 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x2E), 0x12 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x2F), 0x94 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x32), 0x04 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x35), 0xFA },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x36), 0x30 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x39), 0x07 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x3A), 0x55 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x3E), 0x0C },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x3F), 0x80 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x40), 0x50 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x41), 0x28 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x47), 0xC0 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x52), 0xF4 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x70), 0x03 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x71), 0x60 },
> +	{ ADF4371_REG(0x72), 0x32 },
> +};
> +
> +static const struct regmap_config adf4371_regmap_config = {
> +	.reg_bits = 16,
> +	.val_bits = 8,
> +	.read_flag_mask = BIT(7),
> +};
> +
> +struct adf4371_state {
> +	struct spi_device *spi;
> +	struct regmap *regmap;
> +	struct clk *clkin;
> +	struct mutex lock;

Like all locks, it should have some documentation on what it is protecting.

> +	unsigned long clkin_freq;
> +	unsigned long fpfd;
> +	unsigned int integer;
> +	unsigned int fract1;
> +	unsigned int fract2;
> +	unsigned int mod2;
> +	unsigned int rf_div_sel;
> +	unsigned int ref_div_factor;
> +	u8 buf[10] ____cacheline_aligned;
> +};
> +
> +static unsigned long long adf4371_pll_fract_n_get_rate(struct adf4371_state *st,
> +						       u32 channel)
> +{
> +	unsigned long long val, tmp;
> +	unsigned int ref_div_sel;
> +
> +	val = (((u64)st->integer * ADF4371_MODULUS1) + st->fract1) * st->fpfd;
> +	tmp = (u64)st->fract2 * st->fpfd;
> +	do_div(tmp, st->mod2);
> +	val += tmp + ADF4371_MODULUS1 / 2;
> +
> +	if (channel == ADF4371_CH_RF8 || channel == ADF4371_CH_RFAUX8)
> +		ref_div_sel = st->rf_div_sel;
> +	else
> +		ref_div_sel = 0;
> +
> +	do_div(val, ADF4371_MODULUS1 * (1 << ref_div_sel));
> +
> +	if (channel == ADF4371_CH_RF16)
> +		val <<= 1;
> +	else if (channel == ADF4371_CH_RF32)
> +		val <<= 2;
> +
> +	return val;
> +}
> +
> +static void adf4371_pll_fract_n_compute(unsigned long long vco,
> +				       unsigned long long pfd,
> +				       unsigned int *integer,
> +				       unsigned int *fract1,
> +				       unsigned int *fract2,
> +				       unsigned int *mod2)
> +{
> +	unsigned long long tmp;
> +	u32 gcd_div;
> +
> +	tmp = do_div(vco, pfd);
> +	tmp = tmp * ADF4371_MODULUS1;
> +	*fract2 = do_div(tmp, pfd);
> +
> +	*integer = vco;
> +	*fract1 = tmp;
> +
> +	*mod2 = pfd;
> +
> +	while (*mod2 > ADF4371_MAX_MODULUS2) {
> +		*mod2 >>= 1;
> +		*fract2 >>= 1;
> +	}
> +
> +	gcd_div = gcd(*fract2, *mod2);
> +	*mod2 /= gcd_div;
> +	*fract2 /= gcd_div;
> +}
> +
> +static int adf4371_set_freq(struct adf4371_state *st, unsigned long long freq,
> +			    unsigned int channel)
> +{
> +	u32 cp_bleed;
> +	u8 int_mode = 0;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	switch (channel) {
> +	case ADF4371_CH_RF8:
> +	case ADF4371_CH_RFAUX8:
> +		if (ADF4371_CHECK_RANGE(freq, OUT_RF8_FREQ))
> +			return -EINVAL;
> +
> +		st->rf_div_sel = 0;
> +
> +		while (freq < ADF4371_MIN_VCO_FREQ) {
> +			freq <<= 1;
> +			st->rf_div_sel++;
> +		}
> +		break;
> +	case ADF4371_CH_RF16:
> +		/* ADF4371 RF16 8000...16000 MHz */
> +		if (ADF4371_CHECK_RANGE(freq, OUT_RF16_FREQ))
> +			return -EINVAL;
> +
> +		freq >>= 1;
> +		break;
> +	case ADF4371_CH_RF32:
> +		/* ADF4371 RF32 16000...32000 MHz */
> +		if (ADF4371_CHECK_RANGE(freq, OUT_RF32_FREQ))
> +			return -EINVAL;
> +
> +		freq >>= 2;
> +		break;
> +	default:
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +
> +	adf4371_pll_fract_n_compute(freq, st->fpfd, &st->integer, &st->fract1,
> +				    &st->fract2, &st->mod2);
> +	st->buf[0] = st->integer >> 8;
> +	st->buf[1] = 0x40; /* REG12 default */
> +	st->buf[2] = 0x00;
> +	st->buf[3] = st->fract2 & 0xFF;
> +	st->buf[4] = st->fract2 >> 7;
> +	st->buf[5] = st->fract2 >> 15;
> +	st->buf[6] = ADF4371_FRAC2WORD_L(st->fract2 & 0x7F) |
> +		     ADF4371_FRAC1WORD(st->fract1 >> 23);
> +	st->buf[7] = ADF4371_FRAC2WORD_H(st->fract2 >> 7);
> +	st->buf[8] = st->mod2 & 0xFF;
> +	st->buf[9] = ADF4371_MOD2WORD(st->mod2 >> 8);
> +
> +	ret = regmap_bulk_write(st->regmap, ADF4371_REG(0x11), st->buf, 10);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +	/*
> +	 * The R counter allows the input reference frequency to be
> +	 * divided down to produce the reference clock to the PFD
> +	 */
> +	ret = regmap_write(st->regmap, ADF4371_REG(0x1F), st->ref_div_factor);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	ret = regmap_update_bits(st->regmap, ADF4371_REG(0x24),
> +				 ADF4371_RF_DIV_SEL_MSK,
> +				 ADF4371_RF_DIV_SEL(st->rf_div_sel));
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	cp_bleed = DIV_ROUND_UP(400 * 1750, st->integer * 375);
> +	cp_bleed = clamp(cp_bleed, 1U, 255U);
> +	ret = regmap_write(st->regmap, ADF4371_REG(0x26), cp_bleed);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +	/*
> +	 * Set to 1 when in INT mode (when FRAC1 = FRAC2 = 0),
> +	 * and set to 0 when in FRAC mode.
> +	 */
> +	if (st->fract1 == 0 && st->fract2 == 0)
> +		int_mode = 0x01;
> +
> +	ret = regmap_write(st->regmap, ADF4371_REG(0x2B), int_mode);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	return regmap_write(st->regmap, ADF4371_REG(0x10), st->integer & 0xFF);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t adf4371_read(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> +			    uintptr_t private,
> +			    const struct iio_chan_spec *chan,
> +			    char *buf)
> +{
> +	struct adf4371_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> +	unsigned long long val = 0;
> +	unsigned int readval, reg, bit;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	switch ((u32)private) {
> +	case ADF4371_FREQ:
> +		val = adf4371_pll_fract_n_get_rate(st, chan->channel);
> +		ret = regmap_read(st->regmap, ADF4371_REG(0x7C), &readval);
> +		if (ret < 0)
> +			break;
> +
> +		if (readval == 0x00) {
> +			dev_dbg(&st->spi->dev, "PLL un-locked\n");
> +			ret = -EBUSY;
> +		}
> +		break;
> +	case ADF4371_POWER_DOWN:
> +		reg = adf4371_pwrdown_ch[chan->channel].reg;
> +		bit = adf4371_pwrdown_ch[chan->channel].bit;
> +
> +		ret = regmap_read(st->regmap, reg, &readval);
> +		if (ret < 0)
> +			break;
> +
> +		val = !(readval & BIT(bit));
> +		break;
> +	default:
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +		val = 0;
> +		break;
> +	}
> +
> +	return ret < 0 ? ret : sprintf(buf, "%llu\n", val);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t adf4371_write(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> +			     uintptr_t private,
> +			     const struct iio_chan_spec *chan,
> +			     const char *buf, size_t len)
> +{
> +	struct adf4371_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> +	unsigned long long readin;
> +	unsigned int bit, readval, reg;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = kstrtoull(buf, 10, &readin);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
Minor point, but this combination of a write that is
taking a 64 bit number with one that is a boolean is a bit
messy. It might be nicer to just split the two functions.

> +
> +	mutex_lock(&st->lock);
> +	switch ((u32)private) {
> +	case ADF4371_FREQ:
> +		ret = adf4371_set_freq(st, readin, chan->channel);
> +		break;
> +	case ADF4371_POWER_DOWN:
> +		reg = adf4371_pwrdown_ch[chan->channel].reg;
> +		bit = adf4371_pwrdown_ch[chan->channel].bit;
> +		ret = regmap_read(st->regmap, reg, &readval);
> +		if (ret < 0)
> +			break;
> +
> +		readval &= ~BIT(bit);
> +		readval |= (!readin << bit);
> +
> +		ret = regmap_write(st->regmap, reg, readval);
> +		break;
> +	default:
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +		break;
> +	}
> +	mutex_unlock(&st->lock);
> +
> +	return ret ? ret : len;
> +}
> +
> +#define _ADF4371_EXT_INFO(_name, _ident) { \
> +		.name = _name, \
> +		.read = adf4371_read, \
> +		.write = adf4371_write, \
> +		.private = _ident, \
> +		.shared = IIO_SEPARATE, \
> +}
> +
> +static const struct iio_chan_spec_ext_info adf4371_ext_info[] = {
> +	/*
> +	 * Ideally we use IIO_CHAN_INFO_FREQUENCY, but there are
> +	 * values > 2^32 in order to support the entire frequency range
> +	 * in Hz. Using scale is a bit ugly.
> +	 */
> +	_ADF4371_EXT_INFO("frequency", ADF4371_FREQ),
> +	_ADF4371_EXT_INFO("powerdown", ADF4371_POWER_DOWN),
> +	{ },
> +};
> +
> +#define ADF4371_CHANNEL(_name, index) { \
> +		.type = IIO_ALTVOLTAGE, \
> +		.output = 1, \
> +		.channel = index, \
> +		.ext_info = adf4371_ext_info, \
> +		.extend_name = _name, \
> +	}
> +
> +static const struct iio_chan_spec adf4371_chan[] = {
> +	ADF4371_CHANNEL("rf8", ADF4371_CH_RF8),
> +	ADF4371_CHANNEL("rf16", ADF4371_CH_RF16),
> +	ADF4371_CHANNEL("rf32", ADF4371_CH_RF32),
> +	ADF4371_CHANNEL("rfaux8", ADF4371_CH_RFAUX8),
> +};
> +
> +static int adf4371_reg_access(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> +			      unsigned int reg,
> +			      unsigned int writeval,
> +			      unsigned int *readval)
> +{
> +	struct adf4371_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> +
> +	if (readval)
> +		return regmap_read(st->regmap, reg, readval);
> +	else
> +		return regmap_write(st->regmap, reg, writeval);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct iio_info adf4371_info = {
> +	.debugfs_reg_access = &adf4371_reg_access,
> +};
> +
> +static int adf4371_setup(struct adf4371_state *st)
> +{
> +	unsigned int synth_timeout = 2, timeout = 1, vco_alc_timeout = 1;
> +	unsigned int vco_band_div, tmp;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	/* Perform a software reset */
> +	ret = regmap_write(st->regmap, ADF4371_REG(0x0), ADF4371_RESET_CMD);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	ret = regmap_multi_reg_write(st->regmap, adf4371_reg_defaults,
> +				     ARRAY_SIZE(adf4371_reg_defaults));
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	/* Set address in ascending order, so the bulk_write() will work */
> +	ret = regmap_update_bits(st->regmap, ADF4371_REG(0x0),
> +				 ADF4371_ADDR_ASC_MSK | ADF4371_ADDR_ASC_R_MSK,
> +				 ADF4371_ADDR_ASC(1) | ADF4371_ADDR_ASC_R(1));
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +	/*
> +	 * Calculate and maximize PFD frequency
> +	 * fPFD = REFIN × ((1 + D)/(R × (1 + T)))
> +	 * Where D is the REFIN doubler bit, T is the reference divide by 2,
> +	 * R is the reference division factor
> +	 * TODO: it is assumed D and T equal 0.
> +	 */
> +	do {
> +		st->ref_div_factor++;
> +		st->fpfd = st->clkin_freq / st->ref_div_factor;
> +	} while (st->fpfd > ADF4371_MAX_FREQ_PFD);
> +
> +	/* Calculate Timeouts */
> +	vco_band_div = DIV_ROUND_UP(st->fpfd, 2400000U);
> +
> +	tmp = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(st->fpfd, 1000000U);
> +	do {
> +		timeout++;
> +		if (timeout > 1023) {
> +			timeout = 2;
> +			synth_timeout++;
> +		}
> +	} while (synth_timeout * 1024 + timeout <= 20 * tmp);
> +
> +	do {
> +		vco_alc_timeout++;
> +	} while (vco_alc_timeout * 1024 - timeout <= 50 * tmp);
> +
> +	st->buf[0] = vco_band_div;
> +	st->buf[1] = timeout & 0xFF;
> +	st->buf[2] = ADF4371_TIMEOUT(timeout >> 8) | 0x04;
> +	st->buf[3] = synth_timeout;
> +	st->buf[4] = ADF4371_VCO_ALC_TOUT(vco_alc_timeout);
> +
> +	return regmap_bulk_write(st->regmap, ADF4371_REG(0x30), st->buf, 5);
> +}
> +
> +static void adf4371_clk_disable(void *data)
> +{
> +	struct adf4371_state *st = data;
> +
> +	clk_disable_unprepare(st->clkin);
> +}
> +
> +static int adf4371_probe(struct spi_device *spi)
> +{
> +	struct iio_dev *indio_dev;
> +	struct adf4371_state *st;
> +	struct regmap *regmap;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	indio_dev = devm_iio_device_alloc(&spi->dev, sizeof(*st));
> +	if (!indio_dev)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	regmap = devm_regmap_init_spi(spi, &adf4371_regmap_config);
> +	if (IS_ERR(regmap)) {
> +		dev_err(&spi->dev, "Error initializing spi regmap: %ld\n",
> +			PTR_ERR(regmap));
> +		return PTR_ERR(regmap);
> +	}
> +
> +	st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> +	spi_set_drvdata(spi, indio_dev);
> +	st->regmap = regmap;
> +	mutex_init(&st->lock);
> +
> +	indio_dev->dev.parent = &spi->dev;
> +	indio_dev->name = spi_get_device_id(spi)->name;
> +	indio_dev->info = &adf4371_info;
> +	indio_dev->modes = INDIO_DIRECT_MODE;
> +	indio_dev->channels = adf4371_chan;
> +	indio_dev->num_channels = ARRAY_SIZE(adf4371_chan);
> +
> +	st->clkin = devm_clk_get(&spi->dev, "clkin");
> +	if (IS_ERR(st->clkin))
> +		return PTR_ERR(st->clkin);
> +
> +	ret = clk_prepare_enable(st->clkin);
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	ret = devm_add_action_or_reset(&spi->dev, adf4371_clk_disable, st);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	st->clkin_freq = clk_get_rate(st->clkin);
> +
> +	ret = adf4371_setup(st);
> +	if (ret < 0) {
> +		dev_err(&spi->dev, "ADF4371 setup failed\n");
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	return devm_iio_device_register(&spi->dev, indio_dev);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct spi_device_id adf4371_id_table[] = {
> +	{ "adf4371", 0 },
> +	{}
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(spi, adf4371_id_table);
> +
> +static const struct of_device_id adf4371_of_match[] = {
> +	{ .compatible = "adi,adf4371" },
> +	{ },
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, adf4371_of_match);
> +
> +static struct spi_driver adf4371_driver = {
> +	.driver = {
> +		.name = "adf4371",
> +		.of_match_table = adf4371_of_match,
> +	},
> +	.probe = adf4371_probe,
> +	.id_table = adf4371_id_table,
> +};
> +module_spi_driver(adf4371_driver);
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Stefan Popa <stefan.popa@...log.com>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Analog Devices ADF4371 SPI PLL");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

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