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Date:   Thu, 30 May 2019 09:47:38 +0300
From:   Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@...il.com>
To:     Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
Cc:     Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-arch@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH] elf: align AT_RANDOM bytes

On Wed, May 29, 2019 at 04:00:23PM -0700, Kees Cook wrote:
> On Wed, May 29, 2019 at 03:20:20PM -0700, Andrew Morton wrote:
> > On Thu, 30 May 2019 00:37:08 +0300 Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@...il.com> wrote:
> > 
> > > AT_RANDOM content is always misaligned on x86_64:
> > > 
> > > 	$ LD_SHOW_AUXV=1 /bin/true | grep AT_RANDOM
> > > 	AT_RANDOM:       0x7fff02101019
> > > 
> > > glibc copies first few bytes for stack protector stuff, aligned
> > > access should be slightly faster.
> > 
> > I just don't understand the implications of this.  Is there
> > (badly-behaved) userspace out there which makes assumptions about the
> > current alignment?
> > 
> > How much faster, anyway?  How frequently is the AT_RANDOM record
> > accessed?
> > 
> > I often have questions such as these about your performance/space
> > tweaks :(.  Please try to address them as a matter of course when
> > preparing changelogs?
> > 
> > And let's Cc Kees, who wrote the thing.
> > 
> > > --- a/fs/binfmt_elf.c
> > > +++ b/fs/binfmt_elf.c
> > > @@ -144,11 +144,15 @@ static int padzero(unsigned long elf_bss)
> > >  #define STACK_ALLOC(sp, len) ({ \
> > >  	elf_addr_t __user *old_sp = (elf_addr_t __user *)sp; sp += len; \
> > >  	old_sp; })
> > > +#define STACK_ALIGN(sp, align)	\
> > > +	((typeof(sp))(((unsigned long)sp + (int)align - 1) & ~((int)align - 1)))
> > 
> > I suspect plain old ALIGN() could be used here.
> > 
> > >  #else
> > >  #define STACK_ADD(sp, items) ((elf_addr_t __user *)(sp) - (items))
> > >  #define STACK_ROUND(sp, items) \
> > >  	(((unsigned long) (sp - items)) &~ 15UL)
> > >  #define STACK_ALLOC(sp, len) ({ sp -= len ; sp; })
> > > +#define STACK_ALIGN(sp, align)	\
> > > +	((typeof(sp))((unsigned long)sp & ~((int)align - 1)))
> > 
> > And maybe there's a helper which does this, dunno.
> > 
> > >  #endif
> > >  
> > >  #ifndef ELF_BASE_PLATFORM
> > > @@ -217,6 +221,12 @@ create_elf_tables(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct elfhdr *exec,
> > >  			return -EFAULT;
> > >  	}
> > >  
> > > +	/*
> > > +	 * glibc copies first bytes for stack protector purposes
> > > +	 * which are misaligned on x86_64 because strlen("x86_64") + 1 == 7.
> > > +	 */
> > > +	p = STACK_ALIGN(p, sizeof(long));
> > > +
> 
> I have no objection to eating some bytes here. Though perhaps things could just
> be reordered to leave all the aligned things together and put all the
> strings later?

There should be no bytes wasted in fact. Auxv array is aligned and
whole stack is aligned once more at 16 bytes. On x86_64 AT_RANDOM content
and "x86_64" AT_PLATFORM string are put higher, so that 1 byte doesn't
change anything.

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