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Date:   Thu, 30 May 2019 08:00:15 -0700
From:   "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.ibm.com>
To:     rcu@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, mingo@...nel.org,
        jiangshanlai@...il.com, dipankar@...ibm.com,
        akpm@...ux-foundation.org, mathieu.desnoyers@...icios.com,
        josh@...htriplett.org, tglx@...utronix.de, peterz@...radead.org,
        rostedt@...dmis.org, dhowells@...hat.com, edumazet@...gle.com,
        fweisbec@...il.com, oleg@...hat.com, joel@...lfernandes.org,
        Andrea Parri <andrea.parri@...rulasolutions.com>,
        "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.ibm.com>,
        Will Deacon <will.deacon@....com>,
        Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>,
        Matthew Wilcox <willy@...radead.org>,
        Sasha Levin <sashal@...nel.org>
Subject: [PATCH tip/core/rcu 9/9] rcu: Don't return a value from rcu_assign_pointer()

From: Andrea Parri <andrea.parri@...rulasolutions.com>

Quoting Paul [1]:

  "Given that a quick (and perhaps error-prone) search of the uses
   of rcu_assign_pointer() in v5.1 didn't find a single use of the
   return value, let's please instead change the documentation and
   implementation to eliminate the return value."

[1] https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190523135013.GL28207@linux.ibm.com

Signed-off-by: Andrea Parri <andrea.parri@...rulasolutions.com>
Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.ibm.com>
Cc: Josh Triplett <josh@...htriplett.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>
Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@...icios.com>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@...il.com>
Cc: Joel Fernandes <joel@...lfernandes.org>
Cc: rcu@...r.kernel.org
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@....com>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@...radead.org>
Cc: Sasha Levin <sashal@...nel.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@...ux.ibm.com>
---
 Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt           | 8 ++++----
 include/linux/rcupdate.h                  | 5 ++---
 tools/include/linux/rcu.h                 | 4 ++--
 tools/testing/radix-tree/linux/rcupdate.h | 2 +-
 4 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt b/Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt
index 981651a8b65d..7e1a8721637a 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt
@@ -212,7 +212,7 @@ synchronize_rcu()
 
 rcu_assign_pointer()
 
-	typeof(p) rcu_assign_pointer(p, typeof(p) v);
+	void rcu_assign_pointer(p, typeof(p) v);
 
 	Yes, rcu_assign_pointer() -is- implemented as a macro, though it
 	would be cool to be able to declare a function in this manner.
@@ -220,9 +220,9 @@ rcu_assign_pointer()
 
 	The updater uses this function to assign a new value to an
 	RCU-protected pointer, in order to safely communicate the change
-	in value from the updater to the reader.  This function returns
-	the new value, and also executes any memory-barrier instructions
-	required for a given CPU architecture.
+	in value from the updater to the reader.  This macro does not
+	evaluate to an rvalue, but it does execute any memory-barrier
+	instructions required for a given CPU architecture.
 
 	Perhaps just as important, it serves to document (1) which
 	pointers are protected by RCU and (2) the point at which a
diff --git a/include/linux/rcupdate.h b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
index a8ed624da555..0c9b92799abc 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcupdate.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
@@ -367,7 +367,7 @@ static inline void rcu_preempt_sleep_check(void) { }
  * other macros that it invokes.
  */
 #define rcu_assign_pointer(p, v)					      \
-({									      \
+do {									      \
 	uintptr_t _r_a_p__v = (uintptr_t)(v);				      \
 	rcu_check_sparse(p, __rcu);					      \
 									      \
@@ -375,8 +375,7 @@ static inline void rcu_preempt_sleep_check(void) { }
 		WRITE_ONCE((p), (typeof(p))(_r_a_p__v));		      \
 	else								      \
 		smp_store_release(&p, RCU_INITIALIZER((typeof(p))_r_a_p__v)); \
-	_r_a_p__v;							      \
-})
+} while (0)
 
 /**
  * rcu_swap_protected() - swap an RCU and a regular pointer
diff --git a/tools/include/linux/rcu.h b/tools/include/linux/rcu.h
index 7d02527e5bce..9554d3fa54f3 100644
--- a/tools/include/linux/rcu.h
+++ b/tools/include/linux/rcu.h
@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@ static inline bool rcu_is_watching(void)
 	return false;
 }
 
-#define rcu_assign_pointer(p, v) ((p) = (v))
-#define RCU_INIT_POINTER(p, v) p=(v)
+#define rcu_assign_pointer(p, v)	do { (p) = (v); } while (0)
+#define RCU_INIT_POINTER(p, v)	do { (p) = (v); } while (0)
 
 #endif
diff --git a/tools/testing/radix-tree/linux/rcupdate.h b/tools/testing/radix-tree/linux/rcupdate.h
index fd280b070fdb..fed468fb0c78 100644
--- a/tools/testing/radix-tree/linux/rcupdate.h
+++ b/tools/testing/radix-tree/linux/rcupdate.h
@@ -7,6 +7,6 @@
 #define rcu_dereference_raw(p) rcu_dereference(p)
 #define rcu_dereference_protected(p, cond) rcu_dereference(p)
 #define rcu_dereference_check(p, cond) rcu_dereference(p)
-#define RCU_INIT_POINTER(p, v)	(p) = (v)
+#define RCU_INIT_POINTER(p, v)	do { (p) = (v); } while (0)
 
 #endif
-- 
2.17.1

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