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Date:   Tue, 4 Jun 2019 19:44:54 -0700
From:   Roman Gushchin <guro@...com>
To:     Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
CC:     <linux-mm@...ck.org>, <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        <kernel-team@...com>, Johannes Weiner <hannes@...xchg.org>,
        Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@...gle.com>,
        Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@...il.com>,
        Waiman Long <longman@...hat.com>, Roman Gushchin <guro@...com>
Subject: [PATCH v6 10/10] mm: reparent slab memory on cgroup removal

Let's reparent memcg slab memory on memcg offlining. This allows us
to release the memory cgroup without waiting for the last outstanding
kernel object (e.g. dentry used by another application).

So instead of reparenting all accounted slab pages, let's do reparent
a relatively small amount of kmem_caches. Reparenting is performed as
a part of the deactivation process.

Since the parent cgroup is already charged, everything we need to do
is to splice the list of kmem_caches to the parent's kmem_caches list,
swap the memcg pointer and drop the css refcounter for each kmem_cache
and adjust the parent's css refcounter. Quite simple.

Please, note that kmem_cache->memcg_params.memcg isn't a stable
pointer anymore. It's safe to read it under rcu_read_lock() or
with slab_mutex held.

We can race with the slab allocation and deallocation paths. It's not
a big problem: parent's charge and slab global stats are always
correct, and we don't care anymore about the child usage and global
stats. The child cgroup is already offline, so we don't use or show it
anywhere.

Local slab stats (NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE and NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE)
aren't used anywhere except count_shadow_nodes(). But even there it
won't break anything: after reparenting "nodes" will be 0 on child
level (because we're already reparenting shrinker lists), and on
parent level page stats always were 0, and this patch won't change
anything.

Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@...com>
---
 include/linux/slab.h |  4 ++--
 mm/list_lru.c        |  8 +++++++-
 mm/memcontrol.c      | 14 ++++++++------
 mm/slab.h            | 23 +++++++++++++++++------
 mm/slab_common.c     | 22 +++++++++++++++++++---
 5 files changed, 53 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/slab.h b/include/linux/slab.h
index 1b54e5f83342..109cab2ad9b4 100644
--- a/include/linux/slab.h
+++ b/include/linux/slab.h
@@ -152,7 +152,7 @@ void kmem_cache_destroy(struct kmem_cache *);
 int kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *);
 
 void memcg_create_kmem_cache(struct mem_cgroup *, struct kmem_cache *);
-void memcg_deactivate_kmem_caches(struct mem_cgroup *);
+void memcg_deactivate_kmem_caches(struct mem_cgroup *, struct mem_cgroup *);
 
 /*
  * Please use this macro to create slab caches. Simply specify the
@@ -638,7 +638,7 @@ struct memcg_cache_params {
 			bool dying;
 		};
 		struct {
-			struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
+			struct mem_cgroup __rcu *memcg;
 			struct list_head children_node;
 			struct list_head kmem_caches_node;
 			struct percpu_ref refcnt;
diff --git a/mm/list_lru.c b/mm/list_lru.c
index 0f1f6b06b7f3..0b2319897e86 100644
--- a/mm/list_lru.c
+++ b/mm/list_lru.c
@@ -77,11 +77,15 @@ list_lru_from_kmem(struct list_lru_node *nlru, void *ptr,
 	if (!nlru->memcg_lrus)
 		goto out;
 
+	rcu_read_lock();
 	memcg = mem_cgroup_from_kmem(ptr);
-	if (!memcg)
+	if (!memcg) {
+		rcu_read_unlock();
 		goto out;
+	}
 
 	l = list_lru_from_memcg_idx(nlru, memcg_cache_id(memcg));
+	rcu_read_unlock();
 out:
 	if (memcg_ptr)
 		*memcg_ptr = memcg;
@@ -131,12 +135,14 @@ bool list_lru_add(struct list_lru *lru, struct list_head *item)
 
 	spin_lock(&nlru->lock);
 	if (list_empty(item)) {
+		rcu_read_lock();
 		l = list_lru_from_kmem(nlru, item, &memcg);
 		list_add_tail(item, &l->list);
 		/* Set shrinker bit if the first element was added */
 		if (!l->nr_items++)
 			memcg_set_shrinker_bit(memcg, nid,
 					       lru_shrinker_id(lru));
+		rcu_read_unlock();
 		nlru->nr_items++;
 		spin_unlock(&nlru->lock);
 		return true;
diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index c097b1fc74ec..0f64a2c06803 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -3209,15 +3209,15 @@ static void memcg_offline_kmem(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
 	 */
 	memcg->kmem_state = KMEM_ALLOCATED;
 
-	memcg_deactivate_kmem_caches(memcg);
-
-	kmemcg_id = memcg->kmemcg_id;
-	BUG_ON(kmemcg_id < 0);
-
 	parent = parent_mem_cgroup(memcg);
 	if (!parent)
 		parent = root_mem_cgroup;
 
+	memcg_deactivate_kmem_caches(memcg, parent);
+
+	kmemcg_id = memcg->kmemcg_id;
+	BUG_ON(kmemcg_id < 0);
+
 	/*
 	 * Change kmemcg_id of this cgroup and all its descendants to the
 	 * parent's id, and then move all entries from this cgroup's list_lrus
@@ -3250,7 +3250,6 @@ static void memcg_free_kmem(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
 	if (memcg->kmem_state == KMEM_ALLOCATED) {
 		WARN_ON(!list_empty(&memcg->kmem_caches));
 		static_branch_dec(&memcg_kmem_enabled_key);
-		WARN_ON(page_counter_read(&memcg->kmem));
 	}
 }
 #else
@@ -4675,6 +4674,9 @@ mem_cgroup_css_alloc(struct cgroup_subsys_state *parent_css)
 
 	/* The following stuff does not apply to the root */
 	if (!parent) {
+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM
+		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&memcg->kmem_caches);
+#endif
 		root_mem_cgroup = memcg;
 		return &memcg->css;
 	}
diff --git a/mm/slab.h b/mm/slab.h
index 7ead47cb9338..34bf92382ecd 100644
--- a/mm/slab.h
+++ b/mm/slab.h
@@ -268,7 +268,7 @@ static inline struct mem_cgroup *memcg_from_slab_page(struct page *page)
 
 	s = READ_ONCE(page->slab_cache);
 	if (s && !is_root_cache(s))
-		return s->memcg_params.memcg;
+		return rcu_dereference(s->memcg_params.memcg);
 
 	return NULL;
 }
@@ -285,10 +285,18 @@ static __always_inline int memcg_charge_slab(struct page *page,
 	struct lruvec *lruvec;
 	int ret;
 
-	memcg = s->memcg_params.memcg;
+	rcu_read_lock();
+	memcg = rcu_dereference(s->memcg_params.memcg);
+	while (memcg && !css_tryget_online(&memcg->css))
+		memcg = parent_mem_cgroup(memcg);
+	rcu_read_unlock();
+
+	if (unlikely(!memcg))
+		return true;
+
 	ret = memcg_kmem_charge_memcg(page, gfp, order, memcg);
 	if (ret)
-		return ret;
+		goto out;
 
 	lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(page_pgdat(page), memcg);
 	mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, cache_vmstat_idx(s), 1 << order);
@@ -296,8 +304,9 @@ static __always_inline int memcg_charge_slab(struct page *page,
 	/* transer try_charge() page references to kmem_cache */
 	percpu_ref_get_many(&s->memcg_params.refcnt, 1 << order);
 	css_put_many(&memcg->css, 1 << order);
-
-	return 0;
+out:
+	css_put(&memcg->css);
+	return ret;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -310,10 +319,12 @@ static __always_inline void memcg_uncharge_slab(struct page *page, int order,
 	struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
 	struct lruvec *lruvec;
 
-	memcg = s->memcg_params.memcg;
+	rcu_read_lock();
+	memcg = rcu_dereference(s->memcg_params.memcg);
 	lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(page_pgdat(page), memcg);
 	mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, cache_vmstat_idx(s), -(1 << order));
 	memcg_kmem_uncharge_memcg(page, order, memcg);
+	rcu_read_unlock();
 
 	percpu_ref_put_many(&s->memcg_params.refcnt, 1 << order);
 }
diff --git a/mm/slab_common.c b/mm/slab_common.c
index 8255283025e3..00b380f5d467 100644
--- a/mm/slab_common.c
+++ b/mm/slab_common.c
@@ -237,7 +237,7 @@ void memcg_link_cache(struct kmem_cache *s, struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
 		list_add(&s->root_caches_node, &slab_root_caches);
 	} else {
 		css_get(&memcg->css);
-		s->memcg_params.memcg = memcg;
+		rcu_assign_pointer(s->memcg_params.memcg, memcg);
 		list_add(&s->memcg_params.children_node,
 			 &s->memcg_params.root_cache->memcg_params.children);
 		list_add(&s->memcg_params.kmem_caches_node,
@@ -252,7 +252,9 @@ static void memcg_unlink_cache(struct kmem_cache *s)
 	} else {
 		list_del(&s->memcg_params.children_node);
 		list_del(&s->memcg_params.kmem_caches_node);
-		css_put(&s->memcg_params.memcg->css);
+		mem_cgroup_put(rcu_dereference_protected(s->memcg_params.memcg,
+			lockdep_is_held(&slab_mutex)));
+		rcu_assign_pointer(s->memcg_params.memcg, NULL);
 	}
 }
 #else
@@ -793,11 +795,13 @@ static void kmemcg_cache_deactivate(struct kmem_cache *s)
 	spin_unlock_irq(&memcg_kmem_wq_lock);
 }
 
-void memcg_deactivate_kmem_caches(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+void memcg_deactivate_kmem_caches(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
+				  struct mem_cgroup *parent)
 {
 	int idx;
 	struct memcg_cache_array *arr;
 	struct kmem_cache *s, *c;
+	unsigned int nr_reparented;
 
 	idx = memcg_cache_id(memcg);
 
@@ -815,6 +819,18 @@ void memcg_deactivate_kmem_caches(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
 		kmemcg_cache_deactivate(c);
 		arr->entries[idx] = NULL;
 	}
+	nr_reparented = 0;
+	list_for_each_entry(s, &memcg->kmem_caches,
+			    memcg_params.kmem_caches_node) {
+		rcu_assign_pointer(s->memcg_params.memcg, parent);
+		css_put(&memcg->css);
+		nr_reparented++;
+	}
+	if (nr_reparented) {
+		list_splice_init(&memcg->kmem_caches,
+				 &parent->kmem_caches);
+		css_get_many(&parent->css, nr_reparented);
+	}
 	mutex_unlock(&slab_mutex);
 
 	put_online_mems();
-- 
2.20.1

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