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Date:   Mon, 17 Jun 2019 11:57:03 +0200
From:   Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@...tlin.com>
To:     Stephen Boyd <sboyd@...nel.org>
Cc:     Michael Turquette <mturquette@...libre.com>,
        Russell King <linux@...linux.org.uk>,
        linux-clk@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org,
        Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@...tlin.com>,
        Antoine Tenart <antoine.tenart@...tlin.com>,
        Maxime Chevallier <maxime.chevallier@...tlin.com>,
        Gregory Clement <gregory.clement@...tlin.com>,
        Nadav Haklai <nadavh@...vell.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 0/4] Add device links to clocks

Hi Stephen,

Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@...tlin.com> wrote on Tue, 21 May 2019
11:46:44 +0200:

> Hi Stephen,
> 
> Stephen Boyd <sboyd@...nel.org> wrote on Thu, 11 Apr 2019 16:34:16
> -0700:
> 
> > Quoting Miquel Raynal (2019-01-08 08:19:36)  
> > > Hello,
> > > 
> > > While working on suspend to RAM feature, I ran into troubles multiple
> > > times when clocks where not suspending/resuming at the desired time. I
> > > had a look at the core and I think the same logic as in the
> > > regulator's core may be applied here to (very easily) fix this issue:
> > > using device links.
> > > 
> > > The only additional change I had to do was to always (when available)
> > > populate the device entry of the core clock structure so that it could
> > > be used later. This is the purpose of patch 1. Patch 2 actually adds
> > > support for device links.
> > > 
> > > Here is a step-by-step explanation of how links are managed, following
> > > Maxime Ripard's suggestion.
> > > 
> > > 
> > > The order of probe has no importance because the framework already
> > > handles orphaned clocks so let's be simple and say there are two root
> > > clocks, not depending on anything, that are probed first: xtal0 and
> > > xtal1. None of these clocks have a parent, there is no device link in
> > > the game, yet.
> > > 
> > >    +----------------+            +----------------+
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |   xtal0 core   |            |   xtal1 core   |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    +-------^^-------+            +-------^^-------+
> > >            ||                            ||
> > >            ||                            ||
> > >    +----------------+            +----------------+
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |   xtal0 clk    |            |   xtal1 clk    |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    +----------------+            +----------------+
> > > 
> > > Then, a peripheral clock periph0 is probed. His parent is xtal1. The
> > > clock_register_*() call will run __clk_init_parent() and a link between
> > > periph0's core and xtal1's core will be created and stored in
> > > periph0's core->parent_clk_link entry.
> > > 
> > >    +----------------+            +----------------+
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |   xtal0 core   |            |   xtal1 core   |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    +-------^^-------+            +-------^^-------+
> > >            ||                            ||
> > >            ||                            ||
> > >    +----------------+            +----------------+
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |   xtal0 clk    |            |   xtal1 clk    |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    +----------------+            +-------^--------+
> > >                                          |
> > >                                          |
> > >                           +--------------+
> > >                           |   ->parent_clk_link
> > >                           |
> > >                   +----------------+
> > >                   |                |
> > >                   |                |
> > >                   |  periph0 core  |
> > >                   |                |
> > >                   |                |
> > >                   +-------^^-------+
> > >                           ||
> > >                           ||
> > >                   +----------------+
> > >                   |                |
> > >                   |  periph0 clk 0 |
> > >                   |                |
> > >                   +----------------+
> > > 
> > > Then, device0 is probed and "get" the periph0 clock. clk_get() will be
> > > called and a struct clk will be instantiated for device0 (called in
> > > the figure clk 1). A link between device0 and the new clk 1 instance of
> > > periph0 will be created and stored in the clk->consumer_link entry.
> > > 
> > >    +----------------+            +----------------+
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |   xtal0 core   |            |   xtal1 core   |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    +-------^^-------+            +-------^^-------+
> > >            ||                            ||
> > >            ||                            ||
> > >    +----------------+            +----------------+
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |   xtal0 clk    |            |   xtal1 clk    |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    +----------------+            +-------^--------+
> > >                                          |
> > >                                          |
> > >                           +--------------+
> > >                           |   ->parent_clk_link
> > >                           |
> > >                   +----------------+
> > >                   |                |
> > >                   |                |
> > >                   |  periph0 core  |
> > >                   |                <-------------+
> > >                   |                <-------------|
> > >                   +-------^^-------+            ||
> > >                           ||                    ||
> > >                           ||                    ||
> > >                   +----------------+    +----------------+
> > >                   |                |    |                |
> > >                   |  periph0 clk 0 |    |  periph0 clk 1 |
> > >                   |                |    |                |
> > >                   +----------------+    +----------------+
> > >                                                 |
> > >                                                 | ->consumer_link
> > >                                                 |
> > >                                                 |
> > >                                                 |
> > >                                         +-------v--------+
> > >                                         |    device0     |
> > >                                         +----------------+
> > > 
> > > Right now, device0 is linked to periph0, itself linked to xtal1 so
> > > everything is fine.
> > > 
> > > Now let's get some fun: the new parent of periph0 is xtal1. The process
> > > will call clk_reparent(), periph0's core->parent_clk_link will be
> > > destroyed and a new link to xtal1 will be setup and stored. The
> > > situation is now that device0 is linked to periph0 and periph0 is
> > > linked to xtal1, so the dependency between device0 and xtal1 is still
> > > clear.
> > > 
> > >    +----------------+            +----------------+
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |   xtal0 core   |            |   xtal1 core   |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    +-------^^-------+            +-------^^-------+
> > >            ||                            ||
> > >            ||                            ||
> > >    +----------------+            +----------------+
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |   xtal0 clk    |            |   xtal1 clk    |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    +-------^--------+            +----------------+
> > >            |
> > >            |                           \ /
> > >            +----------------------------x    
> > >       ->parent_clk_link   |            / \    
> > >                           |
> > >                   +----------------+
> > >                   |                |
> > >                   |                |
> > >                   |  periph0 core  |
> > >                   |                <-------------+
> > >                   |                <-------------|
> > >                   +-------^^-------+            ||
> > >                           ||                    ||
> > >                           ||                    ||
> > >                   +----------------+    +----------------+
> > >                   |                |    |                |
> > >                   |  periph0 clk 0 |    |  periph0 clk 1 |
> > >                   |                |    |                |
> > >                   +----------------+    +----------------+
> > >                                                 |
> > >                                                 | ->consumer_link
> > >                                                 |
> > >                                                 |
> > >                                                 |
> > >                                         +-------v--------+
> > >                                         |    device0     |
> > >                                         +----------------+
> > > 
> > > I assume periph0 cannot be removed while there are devices using it,
> > > same for xtal0.
> > > 
> > > What can happen is that device0 'put' the clock periph0. The relevant
> > > link is deleted and the clk instance dropped.
> > > 
> > >    +----------------+            +----------------+
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |   xtal0 core   |            |   xtal1 core   |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    +-------^^-------+            +-------^^-------+
> > >            ||                            ||
> > >            ||                            ||
> > >    +----------------+            +----------------+
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |   xtal0 clk    |            |   xtal1 clk    |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    +-------^--------+            +----------------+
> > >            |
> > >            |                           \ /
> > >            +----------------------------x    
> > >       ->parent_clk_link   |            / \    
> > >                           |
> > >                   +----------------+
> > >                   |                |
> > >                   |                |
> > >                   |  periph0 core  |
> > >                   |                |
> > >                   |                |
> > >                   +-------^^-------+
> > >                           ||
> > >                           ||
> > >                   +----------------+
> > >                   |                |
> > >                   |  periph0 clk 0 |
> > >                   |                |
> > >                   +----------------+
> > > 
> > > Now we can unregister periph0: link with the parent will be destroyed
> > > and the clock may be safely removed.
> > > 
> > >    +----------------+            +----------------+
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |   xtal0 core   |            |   xtal1 core   |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    +-------^^-------+            +-------^^-------+
> > >            ||                            ||
> > >            ||                            ||
> > >    +----------------+            +----------------+
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    |   xtal0 clk    |            |   xtal1 clk    |
> > >    |                |            |                |
> > >    +----------------+            +----------------+
> > > 
> > > 
> > > This is my understanding of the common clock framework and how links
> > > can be added to it.
> > > 
> > > As a result, here are the links created during the boot of an
> > > ESPRESSObin:
> > >     
> > 
> > Sorry this patch series is taking way too long to get merged. It's
> > already mid-April!
> > 
> > So I still have some of the original questions I had from before, mostly
> > around circular parent chains between clk providers. For example, there
> > are clk providers that both provide clks to other providers and consume
> > clks from those providers. Does device links work gracefully here?
> > 
> > Just speaking from my own qcom experience, I can point to the PCIe PHY
> > that's a provider of a clk to GCC and a consumer of a clk in GCC. In
> > block diagram form this is:
> > 
> > 
> >       PCIE PHY                        GCC
> >    +--------------+          +-------------------------+
> >    |              |          |                         |
> >    |     PHY clk ->----------+---- gcc_pipe_clk ---+   |
> >    |              |          |                     |   |
> >    |              |          |                     |   |
> >    | pci_pipe_clk <----------|---------------------+   |
> >    |              |          |                         |
> >    +--------------+          +-------------------------+
> > 
> > The end result is that the PCIe PHY is a clk controller that provides
> > the PHY clk to GCC's gcc_pipe_clk and then it gets the same clk signal
> > back from GCC and uses it on the PCIe PHY's pci_pipe_clk input.
> > 
> > So is this is a problem?
> >   
> 
> It's now my turn to get back on this topic.
> 
> I just put my noise back into this and for what I understand of the
> clk subsystem, I think the situation you describe could be pictured
> like this:
> 
> 
>          +---------------+
>          |               |
>          |               |
>          | PCIe PHY      |
>          |               |
>          |               |
>          +-----^^--------+
>                ||
>                ||
>          +---------------+
>          |               |
>          | pcie_pipe_clk |
>          |               |
>          +------^--------+
>                 |
>                 | ->parent_clk_link
>                 |
>                 |
>          +---------------+
>          |               |
>          |               |
>          | GCC           |
>          |               |
>          |               |
>          +------^^-------+
>                 ||
>                 ||
>          +---------------+
>          |               |
>          | gcc_pipe_clk  |
>          |               |
>          +------^--------+
>                 |
>                 | ->parent_clk_link
>                 |
>                 |
>          +---------------+
>          |               |
>          |               |
>          | PCIe PHY      |
>          |               |
>          |               |
>          +------^^-------+
>                 ||
>                 ||
>          +---------------+
>          |               |
>          | phy_clk       |
>          |               |
>          +---------------+
> 
> 
> IMHO the fact that the first and third blocks are the same does not
> interfere with device links.
> 
> Honestly, I cannot be 100% sure it won't break on qcom designs, maybe
> the best would be to have someone to test. I don't have the relevant
> hardware. Do you? It would be really helpful!
> 
> There is an entire PCIe series blocked, waiting for these device links
> to be merged so it would help a lot if someone could test.
> 

Could you share the status of this series? Will it be applied for the
next merge window? I would really like to see this moving forward.

> Thank you very much,
> Miquèl


Thanks,
Miquèl

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