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Date:   Thu, 27 Jun 2019 01:11:12 +0200 (CEST)
From:   Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
To:     Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
cc:     Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@...il.com>,
        Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        Miguel Ojeda <miguel.ojeda.sandonis@...il.com>,
        "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavo@...eddedor.com>,
        Joe Perches <joe@...ches.com>, Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
        Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@...nel.org>,
        Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@...ux.intel.com>,
        Jiri Olsa <jolsa@...hat.com>,
        Namhyung Kim <namhyung@...nel.org>,
        Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
        "maintainer:X86 ARCHITECTURE (32-BIT AND 64-BIT)" <x86@...nel.org>,
        Kan Liang <kan.liang@...ux.intel.com>,
        linux-kernel <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Shawn Landden <shawn@....icu>,
        clang-built-linux <clang-built-linux@...glegroups.com>,
        Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@...hat.com>,
        Craig Topper <craig.topper@...el.com>,
        Chandler Carruth <chandlerc@...gle.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] perf/x86/intel: Mark expected switch fall-throughs

On Wed, 26 Jun 2019, Nick Desaulniers wrote:
> On Wed, Jun 26, 2019 at 9:31 AM Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org> wrote:
> > On Tue, Jun 25, 2019 at 11:47:06PM +0200, Thomas Gleixner wrote:
> > > I just checked two of them in the disassembly. In both cases it's jump
> > > label related. Here is one:
> > >
> > >       asm volatile("1: rdmsr\n"
> > >  410:   b9 59 02 00 00          mov    $0x259,%ecx
> > >  415:   0f 32                   rdmsr
> > >  417:   49 89 c6                mov    %rax,%r14
> > >  41a:   48 89 d3                mov    %rdx,%rbx
> > >       return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high);
> > >  41d:   48 c1 e3 20             shl    $0x20,%rbx
> > >  421:   48 09 c3                or     %rax,%rbx
> > >  424:   0f 1f 44 00 00          nopl   0x0(%rax,%rax,1)
> > >  429:   eb 0f                   jmp    43a <get_fixed_ranges+0xaa>
> > >       do_trace_read_msr(msr, val, 0);
> > >  42b:   bf 59 02 00 00          mov    $0x259,%edi   <------- "unreachable"
> 
> I assume if 0x42b is unreachable, that's bad as $0x259 is never stored
> in %edi before the call to get_fixed_ranges+0xaa...

Well no. The static key will never be enabled because it's not in the jump
table entries. And that's why objtool complains. That code path @42b will
never be reached even if the tracepoints are enabled because due to the
missing entry the kernel will not patch it.

> > So for some reason the .rela__jump_table are buggy on this clang build.
> 
> So that sounds like a correctness bug then. (I'd been doing testing
> with the STATIC_KEYS_SELFTEST, which I guess doesn't expose this).
> I'm kind of surprised we can boot and pass STATIC_KEYS_SELFTEST.  Any
> way you can help us pare down a test case?

Well, the test thing works as long as the entries which are used there are
correct. And looking at the output of that kernel build I did, I get 6
unreachable entries in 6 different files. That means that ~99% are
correct. So the chance that the self test fails is low.

Vs. test case. Just compile a kernel and pick the first file where objtool
complains. Look at the disassembly which will have the

	   nopl   0x0(%rax,%rax,1)

and that do_trace_read_msr() reference right at that failing offset (or
whatever other function is called in the file you pick).

>From there you should be able to debug why the compiler is not emitting the
r.rela__jump_table entry for this particular instance.

I compiled arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/generic.o several times and the failure
is fully reproducible.

Kernel version is plain v5.2-rc6 and the config I used is here:

  https://tglx.de/~tglx/config-clang-repro

Make invocation is:

  make CC=clang HOST_CC=clang arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/generic.o

that builds only that single file and not the whole kernel Moloch.

Output:

  CC      arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/generic.o
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mtrr/generic.o: warning: objtool: get_fixed_ranges()+0x9b: unreachable instruction

That's with the compiler I built a few hours ago with Nathans fixed
build-llvm.py script. Head commit of llvm-project is:

  master 600941e34fe: Print NULL as "(null)" in diagnostic message

Hope that helps.

Thanks,

	tglx

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