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Date:   Tue, 25 Jun 2019 22:28:16 -0700
From:   "tip-bot for Kirill A. Shutemov" <tipbot@...or.com>
To:     linux-tip-commits@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     kirill@...temov.name, bp@...en8.de, luto@...nel.org,
        mingo@...nel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        peterz@...radead.org, dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com,
        tglx@...utronix.de, kirill.shutemov@...ux.intel.com, hpa@...or.com
Subject: [tip:x86/urgent] x86/boot/64: Fix crash if kernel image crosses
 page table boundary

Commit-ID:  81c7ed296dcd02bc0b4488246d040e03e633737a
Gitweb:     https://git.kernel.org/tip/81c7ed296dcd02bc0b4488246d040e03e633737a
Author:     Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@...temov.name>
AuthorDate: Thu, 20 Jun 2019 14:23:45 +0300
Committer:  Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
CommitDate: Wed, 26 Jun 2019 07:25:09 +0200

x86/boot/64: Fix crash if kernel image crosses page table boundary

A kernel which boots in 5-level paging mode crashes in a small percentage
of cases if KASLR is enabled.

This issue was tracked down to the case when the kernel image unpacks in a
way that it crosses an 1G boundary. The crash is caused by an overrun of
the PMD page table in __startup_64() and corruption of P4D page table
allocated next to it. This particular issue is not visible with 4-level
paging as P4D page tables are not used.

But the P4D and the PUD calculation have similar problems.

The PMD index calculation is wrong due to operator precedence, which fails
to confine the PMDs in the PMD array on wrap around.

The P4D calculation for 5-level paging and the PUD calculation calculate
the first index correctly, but then blindly increment it which causes the
same issue when a kernel image is located across a 512G and for 5-level
paging across a 46T boundary.

This wrap around mishandling was introduced when these parts moved from
assembly to C.

Restore it to the correct behaviour.

Fixes: c88d71508e36 ("x86/boot/64: Rewrite startup_64() in C")
Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@...ux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190620112345.28833-1-kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com

---
 arch/x86/kernel/head64.c | 17 +++++++++--------
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
index 16b1cbd3a61e..7df5bce4e1be 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
@@ -190,18 +190,18 @@ unsigned long __head __startup_64(unsigned long physaddr,
 		pgd[i + 0] = (pgdval_t)p4d + pgtable_flags;
 		pgd[i + 1] = (pgdval_t)p4d + pgtable_flags;
 
-		i = (physaddr >> P4D_SHIFT) % PTRS_PER_P4D;
-		p4d[i + 0] = (pgdval_t)pud + pgtable_flags;
-		p4d[i + 1] = (pgdval_t)pud + pgtable_flags;
+		i = physaddr >> P4D_SHIFT;
+		p4d[(i + 0) % PTRS_PER_P4D] = (pgdval_t)pud + pgtable_flags;
+		p4d[(i + 1) % PTRS_PER_P4D] = (pgdval_t)pud + pgtable_flags;
 	} else {
 		i = (physaddr >> PGDIR_SHIFT) % PTRS_PER_PGD;
 		pgd[i + 0] = (pgdval_t)pud + pgtable_flags;
 		pgd[i + 1] = (pgdval_t)pud + pgtable_flags;
 	}
 
-	i = (physaddr >> PUD_SHIFT) % PTRS_PER_PUD;
-	pud[i + 0] = (pudval_t)pmd + pgtable_flags;
-	pud[i + 1] = (pudval_t)pmd + pgtable_flags;
+	i = physaddr >> PUD_SHIFT;
+	pud[(i + 0) % PTRS_PER_PUD] = (pudval_t)pmd + pgtable_flags;
+	pud[(i + 1) % PTRS_PER_PUD] = (pudval_t)pmd + pgtable_flags;
 
 	pmd_entry = __PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC & ~_PAGE_GLOBAL;
 	/* Filter out unsupported __PAGE_KERNEL_* bits: */
@@ -211,8 +211,9 @@ unsigned long __head __startup_64(unsigned long physaddr,
 	pmd_entry +=  physaddr;
 
 	for (i = 0; i < DIV_ROUND_UP(_end - _text, PMD_SIZE); i++) {
-		int idx = i + (physaddr >> PMD_SHIFT) % PTRS_PER_PMD;
-		pmd[idx] = pmd_entry + i * PMD_SIZE;
+		int idx = i + (physaddr >> PMD_SHIFT);
+
+		pmd[idx % PTRS_PER_PMD] = pmd_entry + i * PMD_SIZE;
 	}
 
 	/*

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