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Date:   Wed, 11 Sep 2019 11:20:52 -0700
From:   Nathan Chancellor <>
To:     Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>,
        Paul Mackerras <>,
        Michael Ellerman <>
        Nick Desaulniers <>,
        Nathan Chancellor <>
Subject: [PATCH v3 3/3] powerpc/prom_init: Use -ffreestanding to avoid a reference to bcmp

r370454 gives LLVM the ability to convert certain loops into a reference
to bcmp as an optimization; this breaks

  CALL    arch/powerpc/kernel/
Error: External symbol 'bcmp' referenced from prom_init.c
make[2]: *** [arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile:196: prom_init_check] Error 1

bcmp is defined in lib/string.c as a wrapper for memcmp so this could be
added to the whitelist. However, commit 450e7dd4001f ("powerpc/prom_init:
don't use string functions from lib/") copied memcmp as prom_memcmp to
avoid KASAN instrumentation so having bcmp be resolved to regular memcmp
would break that assumption. Furthermore, because the compiler is the
one that inserted bcmp, we cannot provide something like prom_bcmp.

To prevent LLVM from being clever with optimizations like this, use
-ffreestanding to tell LLVM we are not hosted so it is not free to make
transformations like this.

Signed-off-by: Nathan Chancellor <>

New patch in the series so no previous version.

 arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile b/arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile
index 19f19c8c874b..aa78b3f6271e 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile
@@ -21,7 +21,7 @@ CFLAGS_prom_init.o += $(DISABLE_LATENT_ENTROPY_PLUGIN)
-CFLAGS_prom_init.o += $(call cc-option, -fno-stack-protector)
+CFLAGS_prom_init.o += $(call cc-option, -fno-stack-protector) -ffreestanding
 # Do not trace early boot code

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