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Date:   Fri, 14 Feb 2020 11:15:36 -0600
From:   "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavo@...eddedor.com>
To:     Vinod Koul <vkoul@...nel.org>,
        Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>,
        Orson Zhai <orsonzhai@...il.com>,
        Baolin Wang <baolin.wang7@...il.com>,
        Chunyan Zhang <zhang.lyra@...il.com>
Cc:     dmaengine@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavo@...eddedor.com>
Subject: [PATCH] dmaengine: sprd: Replace zero-length array with
 flexible-array member

The current codebase makes use of the zero-length array language
extension to the C90 standard, but the preferred mechanism to declare
variable-length types such as these ones is a flexible array member[1][2],
introduced in C99:

struct foo {
        int stuff;
        struct boo array[];
};

By making use of the mechanism above, we will get a compiler warning
in case the flexible array does not occur last in the structure, which
will help us prevent some kind of undefined behavior bugs from being
inadvertently introduced[3] to the codebase from now on.

Also, notice that, dynamic memory allocations won't be affected by
this change:

"Flexible array members have incomplete type, and so the sizeof operator
may not be applied. As a quirk of the original implementation of
zero-length arrays, sizeof evaluates to zero."[1]

This issue was found with the help of Coccinelle.

[1] https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Zero-Length.html
[2] https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/21
[3] commit 76497732932f ("cxgb3/l2t: Fix undefined behaviour")

Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavo@...eddedor.com>
---
 drivers/dma/sprd-dma.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/dma/sprd-dma.c b/drivers/dma/sprd-dma.c
index 9a31a315dbef..954eff32cc05 100644
--- a/drivers/dma/sprd-dma.c
+++ b/drivers/dma/sprd-dma.c
@@ -212,7 +212,7 @@ struct sprd_dma_dev {
 	struct clk		*ashb_clk;
 	int			irq;
 	u32			total_chns;
-	struct sprd_dma_chn	channels[0];
+	struct sprd_dma_chn	channels[];
 };
 
 static void sprd_dma_free_desc(struct virt_dma_desc *vd);
-- 
2.25.0

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