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Date:   Fri, 14 Feb 2020 09:45:50 +0900
From:   Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@...nel.org>
To:     Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@...nel.org>
Cc:     Thomas Richter <tmricht@...ux.ibm.com>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-perf-users@...r.kernel.org,
        gor@...ux.ibm.com, sumanthk@...ux.ibm.com,
        heiko.carstens@...ibm.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3] perf test: Fix test trace+probe_vfs_getname.sh

On Thu, 13 Feb 2020 15:11:40 -0300
Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@...nel.org> wrote:

> Em Fri, Feb 14, 2020 at 02:01:51AM +0900, Masami Hiramatsu escreveu:
> > On Thu, 13 Feb 2020 11:30:48 -0300 Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@...nel.org> wrote:
>  
> > > Em Thu, Feb 13, 2020 at 01:20:09PM +0100, Thomas Richter escreveu:
> > > > This test places a kprobe to function getname_flags() in the kernel
> > > > which has the following prototype:
>  
> > > >   struct filename *
> > > >   getname_flags(const char __user *filename, int flags, int *empty)
>  
> > > > Variable filename points to a filename located in user space memory.
> > > > Looking at
> > > > commit 88903c464321c ("tracing/probe: Add ustring type for user-space string")
> > > > the kprobe should indicate that user space memory is accessed.
>  
> > > > The following patch specifies user space memory access first and if this
> > > > fails use type 'string' in case 'ustring' is not supported.
>  
> > > What are you fixing?
>  
> > > I haven't seen any example of this test failing, and right now testing
> > > it with:
>  
> > > [root@...co ~]# uname -a
> > > Linux quaco 5.6.0-rc1+ #1 SMP Wed Feb 12 15:42:16 -03 2020 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
> > > [root@...co ~]#
>  
> > This bug doesn't happen on x86 or other archs on which user-address space and
> > kernel address space is same. On some arch (ppc64 in this case?) user-address
> > space is partially or completely same as kernel address space. (Yes, they switch
> > the world when running into the kernel) In this case, we need to use different
> > data access functions for each spaces. That is why I introduced "ustring" type
> > for kprobe event.
> > As far as I can see, Thomas's patch is sane.
> 
> Well, without his patch, on x86, the test he is claiming to be fixing
> works well, with his patch it stops working, see the rest of my reply.

OK, let me see.


> diff --git a/tools/perf/tests/shell/lib/probe_vfs_getname.sh b/tools/perf/tests/shell/lib/probe_vfs_getname.sh
> index 7cb99b433888..30c1eadbc5be 100644
> --- a/tools/perf/tests/shell/lib/probe_vfs_getname.sh
> +++ b/tools/perf/tests/shell/lib/probe_vfs_getname.sh
> @@ -13,7 +13,9 @@ add_probe_vfs_getname() {
>  	local verbose=$1
>  	if [ $had_vfs_getname -eq 1 ] ; then
>  		line=$(perf probe -L getname_flags 2>&1 | egrep 'result.*=.*filename;' | sed -r 's/[[:space:]]+([[:digit:]]+)[[:space:]]+result->uptr.*/\1/')
> -		perf probe -q       "vfs_getname=getname_flags:${line} pathname=result->name:string" || \
> +		perf probe -q       "vfs_getname=getname_flags:${line} pathname=result->uptr:ustring" || \
> +		perf probe $verbose "vfs_getname=getname_flags:${line} pathname=filename:ustring" || \
> +		perf probe -q       "vfs_getname=getname_flags:${line} pathname=result->uptr:string" || \
>  		perf probe $verbose "vfs_getname=getname_flags:${line} pathname=filename:string"
>  	fi
>  }

This looks no good (depends on architecture or debuginfo). In fs/namei.c,

struct filename *
getname_flags(const char __user *filename, int flags, int *empty)
...
        kname = (char *)result->iname;
        result->name = kname;
...
        result->uptr = filename;
        result->aname = NULL;
        audit_getname(result);
        return result;
}

And the line number script, egreps below line.

        result->uptr = filename;

However, the probe on this line will hit *before* execute this line.
Note that kprobes is a breakpoint, which breaks into this line execution,
not after executed.

So, I thik at this point, result->uptr should be NULL, but filename and
result->name already have assigned value.

Thus, the fix should be something like below.

> 		perf probe -q       "vfs_getname=getname_flags:${line} pathname=result->name:string" || \
> - 		perf probe $verbose "vfs_getname=getname_flags:${line} pathname=filename:string"
> +		perf probe $verbose "vfs_getname=getname_flags:${line} pathname=filename:ustring" || \

Thomas, is this OK for you too, or would you have any reason to trace
result->uptr?

Thank you,

-- 
Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@...nel.org>

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