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Date:   Fri, 14 Feb 2020 15:55:39 -0800
From:   paulmck@...nel.org
To:     rcu@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, kernel-team@...com, mingo@...nel.org,
        jiangshanlai@...il.com, dipankar@...ibm.com,
        akpm@...ux-foundation.org, mathieu.desnoyers@...icios.com,
        josh@...htriplett.org, tglx@...utronix.de, peterz@...radead.org,
        rostedt@...dmis.org, dhowells@...hat.com, edumazet@...gle.com,
        fweisbec@...il.com, oleg@...hat.com, joel@...lfernandes.org,
        "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...nel.org>
Subject: [PATCH tip/core/rcu 02/30] rcu: Warn on for_each_leaf_node_cpu_mask() from non-leaf

From: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...nel.org>

The for_each_leaf_node_cpu_mask() and for_each_leaf_node_possible_cpu()
macros must be invoked only on leaf rcu_node structures.  Failing to
abide by this restriction can result in infinite loops on systems with
more than 64 CPUs (or for more than 32 CPUs on 32-bit systems).  This
commit therefore adds WARN_ON_ONCE() calls to make misuse of these two
macros easier to debug.

Reported-by: Qian Cai <cai@....pw>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@...nel.org>
---
 kernel/rcu/rcu.h | 6 ++++--
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcu.h b/kernel/rcu/rcu.h
index 05f936e..f6ce173 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/rcu.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/rcu.h
@@ -325,7 +325,8 @@ static inline void rcu_init_levelspread(int *levelspread, const int *levelcnt)
  * Iterate over all possible CPUs in a leaf RCU node.
  */
 #define for_each_leaf_node_possible_cpu(rnp, cpu) \
-	for ((cpu) = cpumask_next((rnp)->grplo - 1, cpu_possible_mask); \
+	for (WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_is_leaf_node(rnp)), \
+	     (cpu) = cpumask_next((rnp)->grplo - 1, cpu_possible_mask); \
 	     (cpu) <= rnp->grphi; \
 	     (cpu) = cpumask_next((cpu), cpu_possible_mask))
 
@@ -335,7 +336,8 @@ static inline void rcu_init_levelspread(int *levelspread, const int *levelcnt)
 #define rcu_find_next_bit(rnp, cpu, mask) \
 	((rnp)->grplo + find_next_bit(&(mask), BITS_PER_LONG, (cpu)))
 #define for_each_leaf_node_cpu_mask(rnp, cpu, mask) \
-	for ((cpu) = rcu_find_next_bit((rnp), 0, (mask)); \
+	for (WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_is_leaf_node(rnp)), \
+	     (cpu) = rcu_find_next_bit((rnp), 0, (mask)); \
 	     (cpu) <= rnp->grphi; \
 	     (cpu) = rcu_find_next_bit((rnp), (cpu) + 1 - (rnp->grplo), (mask)))
 
-- 
2.9.5

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